Total Knee Replacement. (Total Knee Arthroplasty ). Why Perform a TKR?. Relief from… Chronic pain Deformities Stiffness Decreased ROM Loss of ability to perform daily tasks Considered when non-surgical attempts at pain relief have failed Physical therapy Cortisone shots.
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Total Knee Replacement
(Total Knee Arthroplasty)
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)
Most common after a serious injury
Fracture and ligament tear damage the articular cartilage over time
Results in pain and limited function
The incision is cut along the top of the knee joint.
4-6 inches long
6-10 inches long
Patella and patella tendon are exposed
They are rotated outward to the side of the knee joint
A full view of the knee joint is obtained
The area of the knee, which will not be removed is checked for bone spurs.
The spurs are removed with a rongeur, if present.
Bone spurs are due to bone on bone rubbing over time.
Jigs are secured to the femur
Damaged bone is removed from femur with the bone saw
Femur is shaped to fit properly with the femoral component
Jigs are secured to the tibia
Damaged bone is removed from tibia with the bone saw
Tibia is shapedto fit the tibial plateproperly
It is only sometimes necessary to cut the patella
If it is necessary…
The top of the patella is cut with the bone saw
It is cut to fit the plastic patella component
If it is not necessary
The patella is left alone
The femoral component is hammered into the femur
Bone cementis used to secure the prosthesis
The tibial tray is hammered into the tibia
Bone cementis used to secure the prosthesis to the flattened tibia
The patella component is secured to the prepared patella with bone cement
Any cement left surrounding the prosthetic components is cleared away
The cement is left to dry for about five minutes or until the leftover portions are ensured to have hardened.
Polyethylene medial component is snapped into the top of the tibial tray
Serves as a replacement for the missing cartilage
Alignment and fit are confirmed
Flexion and extension are tested
Leg lengths are compared
A drain is placed if necessary
Muscles are sewn with absorbable sutures
Skin is fasted with either
The leg is wrapped with an ACE bandage
Removed 24 hours post-op
CPM is placed on the patient
Prescribed for 6 hours a day
Greengard, Samuel. "Step-by-Step Explanation of Knee Replacement Surgery." Medical Information & Trusted Health Advice: Healthline. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2013. <http://www.healthline.com/health-slideshow/total-knee-replacement-surgery-step-by-step#1>.
“The Surgical Procedure for Total Knee Replacement.” Stryker – About Stryker Web. 10 Oct. 2013. <http://www.aboutstryker.com/pdfs/knee_replacement.pdf>.
“Total Knee Replacement-OrthoInfo - AAOS ." AAOS - OrthoInfo. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2013. <http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00389>.
This PowerPoint presentation was created in order to educate members of the healthcare team, including residents, nurses, etc. on the total knee replacement procedure. Having a background of the procedure can enhance the post-operative care given to the patient by the nursing staff. The overview of the procedure also serves as a suitable refresher for the resident, physician assistant, or operating room nurse that will be aiding in the procedure. The audience consisting of fellow healthcare professionals allows the PowerPoint to use medical terminology and abbreviations without explanation, keeping the text concise and to the point. The presentation could be accessed through a learning portal, requiring these individuals to review the PowerPoint, or through an in-service presented to the audience. The design was chosen to reflect the hospital atmosphere of whites and light blues, while preventing the background from becoming distracting. Pictures were placed generously throughout the presentation in order to compliment the text and appeal to both visual and verbal learning styles. In order to enhance the ability of the audience to effectively follow the information, the content is structured chronologically. Brevity was used in the content of the presentation, omitting all unnecessary information to keep the attention of the medicinal professional audience addressed.
This piece fits into my professional portfolio, because it shows future employers my ability to communicate effectively with fellow professional colleagues. By showcasing my aptitude to write with brevity and clarity addressing these professional colleagues I am further enabling potential employers to better understand my skills in writing and communication with these professionals.