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Vermont’s Energy Future Utility Presentation Regional Workshops and Deliberative Polling ™ January 25, 2008. Dr. Jonathan Raab, Raab Associates, Ltd. Dr. Robert Luskin, University of Texas at Austin. What is the Process?.

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Vermont’s Energy Future

Utility Presentation

Regional Workshops and Deliberative Polling™

January 25, 2008

Dr. Jonathan Raab, Raab Associates, Ltd.

Dr. Robert Luskin, University of Texas at Austin


What is the process
What is the Process?

  • Advisory and Resource panels of diverse interests helped prepare background documents & questions

  • Five regional workshops hosted to gather public input in October from over 650 Vermonters

  • A deliberative polling event of 140+ randomly selected Vermonters in November

  • On-line effort to disseminate information and allow for additional input


The projects advisors

Steve Blair, IBM

Steve Costello, Central Vermont Power

Robert Griffin, Green Mountain Power

David Lamont, Dept. Public Service

James Matteau, Windham Regional Commission

James Moore, VT Public Interest Research Group

Patricia Richards, VT Public Power Supply Authority

Rich Sedano, Regulatory Assistance Project

The Projects’ Advisors


The project s resource panel

Patrick Haller, VT Energy Efficiency, Inc.

John Irving, Burlington Electric (biomass)

Kerrick Johnson, VELCO (transmission)

David McElwee, Entergy (nuclear)

Andrew Perchlik, Renewable Energy VT

Sylvie Racine, Hydro-Quèbec

Eileen Simolardes, Vermont Gas

John Zimmerman, VT Environmental Research Assoc. (wind)

The Project’s Resource Panel


Regional workshop agenda
Regional Workshop Agenda

5:00 Registration and light dinner

6:00 Welcome (Commissioner David O’Brien, VT DPS),

Overview (Jonathan Raab, Raab Associates), and

Demographic Polling (Patrick Field, CBI)

6:20 Presentation: Vermont’s Current Electricity System, Upcoming Challenges, and Future Options (Dave Lamont, VT Department of Public Service)

6:40 Facilitated Discussions: Most Significant Challenges and Promising Options for Vermont, and Additional Questions for Panel

7:35 Break

7:50 Panel Responds to Questions

8:45 Polling on Most Significant Challenges and Best Options for Vermont (Patrick Field, Moderator)

9:30 Open Mike for Participants to Make Brief Additional Comments

10:00 Adjourn (when comments done)


Vermont s energy future regional workshop attendance
Vermont’s Energy FutureRegional Workshop Attendance

  • * Panel, Observers, Facilitators (non-voting)



Deliberative polling process
Deliberative Polling Process

  • Draw random sample

  • Interview and invite to event

  • Two-day event, alternating between small group discussions (led by trained moderators) and plenary Q & A’s with policy experts and policy makers

  • Re-administer same questionnaire


Comparison analysis
Comparison Analysis

  • Five Regional Workshops in October, and Deliberative Polling weekend in November

  • Compare demographics and substantive responses, where same or very similar questions asked

  • Minor adjustments to some scales to allow “apples-to-apples” comparisons

  • All data represent “means” unless otherwise indicated


Demographic Comparisons

* Independent, Progressive, other, none

1



Response Comparisons

1 = strongly agree

5 = strongly disagree

3



Response Comparisons

1 = strongly support

5 = strongly oppose

5



How concerned are you about each of the following
How Concerned Are You About Each of the Following?

0 = not at all concerned

10 = extremely concerned

7


How much of a threat to vermont s scenic beauty is each of the following
How Much Of a Threat to Vermont's Scenic Beauty is Each of the Following?

0 = no threat at all

10 = extremely serious threat

8


How important is each of the following goals in meeting vermont s future energy needs
How Important is Each of the Following Goals in Meeting Vermont's Future Energy Needs?

0 = not at all important

10 = critically important

9


How important is each of the following goals in meeting vermont s future energy needs continued
How Important is Each of the Following Goals in Meeting Vermont's Future Energy Needs (continued)?

0 = not at all important

10 = critically important

10


REGIONAL WORKSHOPS Vermont's Future Energy Needs (continued)?Which resource options do you think should be the highest or lowest priorities to meet Vermont’s future electricity needs considering all factors (cost, environmental attributes, reliability, etc.)?

mean n = 507


Vermont should meet as much of its electricity needs as possible by increasing how efficiently consumers use electricity

Vermont should meet its electricity needs entirely by generating or buying more electricity

n = 510


Over the next ten years, would you like to see Vermont increase, decrease, or keep about the same funding for its energy efficiency program?

n = 535


Over the next ten years, would you like to see Vermont increase, decrease, or keep about the same the percentage of electricity it uses that comes from renewable resources?

n = 535


Vermont should require that a minimum percentage of the electricity sold to Vermonters come from renewable sources. Do you:

n = 522



Hydro Qu Québec (predominantly hydro) provides base load plower, meaning power is usually available 24/7. If you learned that discontinuing power from H.Q. would require another base load source of power, and that only natural gas, coal, out of state nuclear power, or oil were available to replace this power, would you choose to:*

n = 468

*This question was added after the St. Johnsbury workshop by the VT DPS


Hydro Qu Québec can sell Vermont power from any mix of their resources we choose (hydro, wind, fossil fuels). Would you be willing to pay extra to get power exclusively from their wind resources?*

n = 544

*This question was added after the St. Johnsbury workshop by the VT DPS


Vermont should continue to purchase electricity from the vermont yankee nuclear power plant do you
Vermont should continue to purchase electricity from the Vermont Yankee nuclear- power plant. Do you:

n = 546


Vermont Yankee provides base load power, meaning power is usually available 24/7. If you learned that discontinuing power from V.Y. would require another base load source of power, and that only natural gas, coal, out-of-state nuclear power, or oil were available to replace this power, would you:*

n = 386

* This question was added after the St. Johnsbury workshop by the VT DPS


REGIONAL WORKSHOPS usually available 24/7. If you learned that discontinuing power from V.Y. would require another base load source of power, and that only natural gas, coal, out-of-state nuclear power, or oil were available to replace this power, would you:* How valuable to you were each of the following elements of the workshop on a scale of 1 (not valuable) to 5 (very high value)?

mean n = 516


Deliberative polling results recommended allocations
Deliberative Polling Results usually available 24/7. If you learned that discontinuing power from V.Y. would require another base load source of power, and that only natural gas, coal, out-of-state nuclear power, or oil were available to replace this power, would you:* “Recommended” Allocations


Continuing to buy electricity from
Continuing to Buy Electricity from … usually available 24/7. If you learned that discontinuing power from V.Y. would require another base load source of power, and that only natural gas, coal, out-of-state nuclear power, or oil were available to replace this power, would you:*

1 = disagree strongly, 3 = neither agree nor disagree, 5 = agree strongly


Figure 12 continue to buy from vt yankee
Figure 12: Continue to Buy from VT Yankee? usually available 24/7. If you learned that discontinuing power from V.Y. would require another base load source of power, and that only natural gas, coal, out-of-state nuclear power, or oil were available to replace this power, would you:*


Efficiency
Efficiency usually available 24/7. If you learned that discontinuing power from V.Y. would require another base load source of power, and that only natural gas, coal, out-of-state nuclear power, or oil were available to replace this power, would you:*


Renewables
Renewables usually available 24/7. If you learned that discontinuing power from V.Y. would require another base load source of power, and that only natural gas, coal, out-of-state nuclear power, or oil were available to replace this power, would you:*


Building facilities in vermont
Building Facilities in Vermont usually available 24/7. If you learned that discontinuing power from V.Y. would require another base load source of power, and that only natural gas, coal, out-of-state nuclear power, or oil were available to replace this power, would you:*


Figure 27 building facilities for methane in vt
Figure 27: Building Facilities for Methane in VT usually available 24/7. If you learned that discontinuing power from V.Y. would require another base load source of power, and that only natural gas, coal, out-of-state nuclear power, or oil were available to replace this power, would you:*


Misc policy choices
Misc. Policy Choices usually available 24/7. If you learned that discontinuing power from V.Y. would require another base load source of power, and that only natural gas, coal, out-of-state nuclear power, or oil were available to replace this power, would you:*


How much extra for
How Much Extra for … usually available 24/7. If you learned that discontinuing power from V.Y. would require another base load source of power, and that only natural gas, coal, out-of-state nuclear power, or oil were available to replace this power, would you:*


Interest in the issues and evaluation of the process
Interest in the Issues and Evaluation of the Process usually available 24/7. If you learned that discontinuing power from V.Y. would require another base load source of power, and that only natural gas, coal, out-of-state nuclear power, or oil were available to replace this power, would you:*


Figure 92 how valuable event as a whole
Figure 92: How valuable: Event as a whole usually available 24/7. If you learned that discontinuing power from V.Y. would require another base load source of power, and that only natural gas, coal, out-of-state nuclear power, or oil were available to replace this power, would you:*


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