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100 B.C. – 44 B.C. Julius Caesar Please take out your Caesar packet. Hand in your noun packet on the cart. Latin 3 Honors. Go over test/quizzes Practice noun endings Julius Caesar packet. Greco-Roman perspective on history. Concept of Afterlife.

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100 b c 44 b c

100 B.C. – 44 B.C.

Julius CaesarPlease take out your Caesar packet

Hand in your noun packet on the cart

Latin 3 honors

Latin 3 Honors

Go over test/quizzes

Practice noun endings

Julius Caesar packet

Greco roman perspective on history

Greco-Roman perspective on history

Concept of afterlife

Concept of Afterlife

  • Their concept of an afterlife is not extremely pleasant for most people

  • Shades (manes) in Orcus, Hades, Chaos, Tartarus, etc.

  • Shining examples of virtue and valor go to Elysium (among the Roman authors, only famous people are here)

  • Reincarnation possible, not necessarily a widely held belief

Not very many make it to elysium

Not very many make it to Elysium

Greek concept even more bleak at least during homer

Greek concept even more bleak (at least during Homer)

  • Concept is less developed

  • No Elysium (at the time of Homer)

Psalm 103

Psalm 103

  • 15As for man, his days are as grass: as a flower of the field, so he flourisheth.

  • 16For the wind passeth over it, and it is gone; and the place thereof shall know it no more.

  • 17But the mercy of the LORD is from everlasting to everlasting upon them that fear him, and his righteousness unto children's children;

  • 18To such as keep his covenant, and to those that remember his commandments to do them.

  • 19The LORD hath prepared his throne in the heavens; and his kingdom ruleth over all.

Fear of being forgotten

Fear of being forgotten

Achilles’ choice:

1) Great and famous war hero—die young


2) Live a long and happy life with family but NO FAME

Julius caesar

Julius Caesar

-Serving as quaestor (provincial administrator) in Hispania in 69 BC

-Sees a statue of Alexander the Great

-Realizes that by the time he was

30, Alexander had the world at his feet

Ceasar returns to rome to gain fame glory through roman politics

Ceasar returns to Rome to gain fame/glory through Roman politics

Alexander conquered all major civilizations of the near East  (356–323 BC)



  • No to make it to Elysium

  • Fama (fame)

  • Gloria (glory)

  • Fatum (destiny) to a lesser extent; applies especially to Aeneas

  • Living as a part of history/making history with their lives

  • Caesar’s view of Alexander



  • In vocabulo HOMMO littera ‘m’ ______________________________ [is extra].

    Verb of caput, potest, oportet, necesse est



Oportet litteram “H” _________________ [delete] in HOCULUS.

Epistulas epistolas


Marcus _________________________ [letters] ad patrem absentem non scribit quia improbus est.



Charta e papyro ________________________ [is made out of/from].

Calamo charta

calamo; charta

Magister _________________ [with a pen] in _____________________ [paper] scribit.

Mollis 3 rd declension adj

Mollis (3rd declension adj.)

Cera est materia _______________________ [soft].



LItterae Titi et Marci aeque __________________________ [=foedae] sunt.

Ferrum dura

Ferrum; dura

_____________________ [iron] est materia _________________ [hard].

Julius caesar please take out your caesar packet


________________________ sunt bestiolae quae ceram efficiunt.



_________________________ [such] litterae sunt difficile legere.



Marcus multa __________________________ [mistakes] facit quia stultus atque impiger est.

Decline pastor bonus a um

Decline pastor bonus, a, um

Pastor bonuspastores boni

Pastorem bonumpastores bonos

Pastoris bonipastorum bonorum

Pastori bonopastoribus bonis

Pastore bonopastoribus bonis

Materia mollis

Materia mollis

Materia mollismateriae molles

Materiam mollemmaterias mollas

Materiaemollismateriarum mollium


Materia mollimateriis mollibus

Talis littera

Talis littera

Talis litteratales litterae

Talem litteramtales litteras

Talis litteraetalium litterarum

Talilitteraetalibus litteris

Tali litteratalibus litteris



1st declension: a, charta, epistula, insula, materia, cera

2nd declension masculine: us/r, magister, magistrum, magistri, discipulus, calamus

2nd declension neuter: um, mendum, oppidum

3rd declension masc, fem, or neuter

Nominative: ovis, mollis (adj.)

Nominative: mare, rex, mater, pes maris, regis, matris, pedis,

Materia dura

Materia dura

Materia duramateriae durae


Are the same!

Third triumvirate

Third Triumvirate



Julius Caesar

HW: Finish questions about Caesar and the third triumvirate. Quiz Friday: Julius Caesar and the Third Triumvirate

You need a notebook out, because we are going to take notes for about 10-15 min.

Event 1

Event # 1

The first triumvirate including Crassus, Pompey the Great, and Caesar is formed

Event 2

Event # 2

Caesar becomes consul with the support of Crassus and Pompey

Event 3

Event # 3

Julia, wife of Pomey and daughter of Caesar dies, and the bond between the two men weakens.

Event 4

Event # 4

Crassus is killed in the East by the Parthians; third triumvirate weakened

Event 5

Event # 5

Caesar dominates Gaul and makes a lot of money; the Senate and Pompey grow to fear his power

Event 6

Event #6

Caesar begins his return March to Rome and refuses to disband his army as Pompey wishes.

Event 7

Event #7

Caesar crosses the Rubicon river in Northern Italy and states “alea iacta est:” “the die is cast.” He has rolled the die of fate. (We often say dice erroneously because “dice” is plural).

Event 8

Event #8

Pompey moves his troops to Greece so he can fight Caesar on more open terrain

Event 9

Event #9

Caesar travels, without field rations for his troops, to Greece and defeats Pompey at the battle of Pharsalia.

Event 10

Event #10

Pompey is assassinated and Caesar is given his severed head.

Event 11

Event #11

A conspiracy of sixty senators, including Cassius and Brutus, was formed because Caesar’s immense power and prestige were feared by Roman nobles.

Event 12

Event #12

Caesar is assassinated by the conspirators, including some of his closest friends on the Ides of March. His last words are supposedly, “Et tu, Brute?”

YEAR: 44 B.C.

Event 13

Event #13

Caesar’s will is read and Octavian, later Augustus Caesar, is listed the heir to his power

To whom was caesar s daughter julia married

To whom was Caesar’s daughter Julia married?

Pompey/Pompey the Great

Unscrupulous immoral and very wealthy member of the third triumvirate

Unscrupulous/immoral and very wealthy member of the third triumvirate


What is the term for the rule of three men

What is the term for the “rule of three men?”


Crassus put down the revolt of what slave general

Crassus put down the revolt of what slave-general?


When caesar crossed this river in northern italy he had officially declared war on the empire

When Caesar crossed this river in Northern Italy he had officially declared war on the empire….

The Rubicon

The heir to julius caesar s power and wealth

The heir to Julius Caesar’s power and wealth


Julius caesar defeated pompey near this greek own

Julius Caesar defeated Pompey near this Greek own


Phrase uttered by caesar when he crossed the rubicon in latin and english

Phrase uttered by Caesar when he crossed the Rubicon (in Latin and English)

“Alea iacta est;” “The die is cast”

Crassus punishment for spartacus and the other rebellious slaves

Crassus’ punishment for Spartacus and the other rebellious slaves


Caesar s two best friends who helped murder him

Caesar’s two best friends who helped murder him

Quiz tomorrow on caesar third triumvirate a little about cicero

Quiz tomorrow on Caesar, Third Triumvirate, a little about Cicero

Latin Club today

Need a tutor for a Latin 2 student

Matt Koch needs to pay me for Fall Forum.

Please finish your group translation of the paragraph about Janus.

If you are finished translate these caesar quotes

If you are finished, translate these Caesar quotes

  • Gallia estomnisdivisa in partestres.

    All Gaul is divided into three parts.

    2) Nihilestincertiusvulgo, nihilobscuriusvoluntatehominum, nihilfallaciusrationetotacomitiorum.

    Nothing is more uncertain than the mob, nothing is secretive than the will of men, nothing is more deceitful than all the reckoning of the assemblies.

    (Review: -ius is the ending for the comparative adverb as well as the neuter singular comparative adjective)

Quotable caesar

Quotable Caesar

Alea iacta est

Veni vidi vici.

Et tu Brute?

What they literally mean/why he said them





  • Greedy, unscrupulous/immoral businessman

  • Wealthy

  • Fires

  • Brought back decimation: killed every tenth

  • Crucified 6000 of Spartacus’ rebellious comrades

  • Chopped off head, gold poured down throat



  • Eliminated piracy in the Mediterranean in three months

  • Pompey began his career as a victorious commander under Sulla

  • Defeated Mithradates in Pontus

  • Married Julia, Julius Caesar’s daughter

  • Defeated by Caesar at battle of Pharsalus

  • Assassinated/decapitated on his way to Egypt

Veni vidi vici


Caesar defeated Mithradates’ son in Pontus



Originally applied to a victorious commander; command/power; leave “imperium” untranslated; the emperor and some higher ranking officials had imperium

Cases of cicero

Cases of Cicero

  • Pro Roscio

    Defends Roscius on charge of patricide; Roscius is acquitted ; Roscius was accused by a powerful associate of Sulla

  • In Verrem

    Verres was a corrupt governor in Sicily; Cicero prosecuted him for corruption; defense attorney for Verres gave up

  • In Catilinum

    Catiline was the mastermind behind a conspiracy to overthrow the state; Cicero sucessfuly prosecuted him

What does cicero have to do with caesar

What does Cicero have to do with Caesar?

Cicero sides with Brutus and Cassius against Caesar; staunchest and most vociferous defender of the Roman republic;

Eventually he is killed by Antony and Augustus

Cassius and brutus agree or disagree

Cassius and Brutus: Agree or disagree?

2,ooo,ooo million people in Gaul

“As Caesar loved me, I weep for him; as he was fortunate, I rejoice at it; as he was valiant, I honour him; but, as he was ambitious, I slew him.”

Brutus, in Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar

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