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Global Green Energy Mobile Charger . Professor G.N.Pandey Indian Institute of Information Technology Allahabad. INDEX. Introduction Present Status Standardization Benefits Conclusion . INTRODUCTION.

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Global green energy mobile charger

Global Green Energy Mobile Charger

Professor G.N.Pandey

Indian Institute of Information Technology

Allahabad


INDEX

  • Introduction

  • Present Status

  • Standardization

  • Benefits

  • Conclusion


Introduction
INTRODUCTION

  • From both an individual and organizational perspective the global environmental issues we all face are here to stay for the foreseeable future.

  • Arguably the most commonly known and widely reported environmental concern nowadays is global climate change/global warming. For many of us in the Information Communication & Technology (ICT) Industry, the environmental spotlight is shining directly at us, as the consumption of energy derived from traditional fossil fuels becomes an international concern.

  • It is widely cited in Information Technology (IT) circles that the ICT industry is responsible for approximately two per cent of world-wide carbon emissions, which is roughly the equivalent to the carbon emissions attributed to the aviation industry


Present statistics
Present Statistics

  • Power Consumption in ICT=2%

  • 54 of the total import is Petroleum causing environmental degradation and foreign exchange drain

  • Obsolesce in ICT - E-Waste


Necessity of green ict
Necessity of Green ICT

"Green ICT" fall into one of two broad categories.

  • Those intended to deal with global warming by either reducing greenhouse gas emissions or in the alternative its potential harmful effects on the planet.

  • Those technologies associated with establishing economic "sustainable growth" which includes recycling, resource reduction and many aspects of the biosciences









Daylight potentiality continent wise
Daylight Potentiality Continent Wise

Geographic Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) Area


Daylight availability continent wise
Daylight Availability Continent Wise

– Global potential daylight average per year, Q = 42.1 moles par meter square


Sunlight average per hour timing
Sunlight average per Hour Timing

http://astro.unl.edu/classaction/animations/coordsmotion/daylighthoursexplorer.html


Solar energy distribution over india
Solar Energy Distribution over India

Availability of solar energy in India is almost 320 – 326 day/year.


Types of mobile charger
Types of Mobile Charger

  • No. of charger available in market:

  • Nokia – 3

  • Samsung – 2

  • LG – 3

  • Motorola – 3

  • Sony Eriksson – 3

  • Acer – 2

  • Black Berry – 1





Standard of integrated mobile port
Standard of Integrated Mobile Port

Global Green Mobile Charger uniformity of above connectivity is essential.

http://www.geeksailor.com/solve-cyberpower-usb-port-hubs-issues/


Present status of mobile charger
Present Status of Mobile Charger

For Global Green Mobile Charger this arrangement will not be required.


Types of cell phone battery
Types of Cell Phone Battery

  • Nickel Cadmium (NiCd)

  • Nickel Metal Hydride (NiMH)

  • Lithium Ion (Li-ion)

  • Lithium Ion Polymer (Li-Po)

  • Nickel Metal Hydrid (NiMH) Batteries

Cell phone battery could also be standardized so that battery is replicable.


Different standard of cell phone battery
Different Standard of cell phone battery

http://www.rechargeable-battery-review.com/faqs--information/consumer-battery-faqs/rechargeable-battery-standards.html




Technology
Technology Recharger

  • It works on principle of solar energy is converted into electrical energy

  • Photovoltaic solar panels are composed mainly of silicon. Silicon is used because it naturally releases electrons (electrical energy) when hit with a photon (light source).

  • photovoltaic solar panel consist of a clear protective top layer, two layers of specially treated silicon with collecting circuitry attached to the top layer , and a tough polymer backing layer.

  • These two layers are separated by an electrically charged junction, which allows electrons to flow from back to front

  • When light strikes the PV panel, some of the photons are absorbed by the silicon layers. The photons cause electrons to be released from the silicon crystal.


Tools
Tools Recharger

  • Solar Panel

  • Solar Regulator

  • DC – battery storage

  • Inverter (DC to AC Conversion)

  • Mobile/Laptop


Process
Process Recharger


Benefit from the project for mobile
Benefit from the project for Mobile Recharger

Energy saves: - In India, there are 750 million mobile users and in general, every mobile Charges for at least 20 minutes and each mobile charger stores on an average 4.4 W-H or 15840 Joule or 15.8 kJ. It means an energy= 4.4*750,000,000=3,300,000,000=3.3GW-H which mean on an average, daily 3.3 GW-H is Daily consumed for this purpose only and this all can be reduced by using our solar charger. All This energy Generally comes from conventional Sources which contributes to Environmental pollution. So, total power consumption in a whole year 3.3*365=1204.5 GW-H.

More facilitated: -Any where the mobile can be recharged by solar power.




Benefit for mobile in worldwide
Benefit for Mobile in Worldwide Recharger

Energy saves: - In world, there are 5 billionmobile users and in general, every mobile Charges for at least 20 minutes and each mobile charger stores on an average 4.4 W-H or 15840 Joule or 15.8 kJ. It means an energy= 4.4*5,000,000,000=22,000,000,000=22 GW-H which mean on an average, daily GW-H is Daily consumed for this purpose only and this all can be reduced by using our solar charger. All This energy Generally comes from conventional Sources which contributes to Environmental pollution. So, total power consumption in a whole year 22*365=8030 GW-H

CO2 Emission controlled: - 7557 Giga gram CO2 extracting stopped per day. And it Reduced 29.63% CO2 emission per year. Help to reduce the responsibility of the CO2 from the Global warming effect: - 49.08% per year.

Help to decrease the warming temperature of the atmosphere: - 49.06% per year.


Benefit from the project for laptop
Benefit from the project for Laptop Recharger

Energy saves: - In India, there are 2.5 million laptop users and in general, every laptop consumes all total average 80 W-H in 1 hour. It means the amount of total power consumed while working with the laptop at least 8 hours in a day,

E = 80*8*2500000 = 1,600,000,000 W-H which mean on an average, daily 1.6 Giga W-H energy is Daily consumed for this purpose only and in one year the total power consumption in India only, X = 1.6 * 365 = 584 Giga W-H.

CO2 Emission controlled: - 0.1 ton extracting from one laptop in each year. So, the total Carbon Dioxide emission from India only, S = 0.1 * 2,500,000 = 250,000 ton or 250 Kilo Ton carbon dioxide emitted from India only.


Benefit for laptop in worldwide
Benefit for Laptop in Worldwide Recharger

Energy saves: - In world, there are 400 million laptop users and in general, every laptop consumes all total average 80 W-H in 1 hour. It means the amount of total power consumed while working with the laptop at least 8 hours in a day,

E = 80*8*400,000,000 = 256,000,000,000 W-H which mean on an average, daily 256 Giga W-H energy is Daily consumed for this purpose only and in one year the total power consumption, X = 256 * 365 = 93,440 Giga W-H.

CO2 Emission controlled: - 0.1 ton extracting from one laptop in each year. So, the total Carbon Dioxide emission, S = 0.1 * 400,000,000 = 40,000,000 ton or 40 million Ton carbon dioxide emitted.

Cost: -the cost of the solar panel is about 600. But when the charger will be manufactured at the industrial level the pries decrease below 500.


Benefit from computer peripherals
Benefit from Computer peripherals Recharger

Power consumption percentage


Benefit from computer peripherals1
Benefit from Computer peripherals Recharger

  • The average desktop computer consumes = 407 kWh per year .

  • The average CRT monitor consumes approximately = 220 kWh per year, and the average LCD monitor consumes =132 kWh per year.

  • The average laser printer in the study consumed = 280 kWh per year.  

  • Laser multifunction devices followed suit, consuming = 200 kWh per year on average.

  • Total no. of personal computer in India is 15 million. So, the total amount of power consumption by the computers in India is = 15,000,000*407= 6,105,000,000 kWh or 6105 Giga WH.

  • A complete desktop PC emanates 0.7 kg carbon dioxide per kWh. So, the total amount of carbon dioxide emission is 0.7* 6,105,000,000= 4,273,500,000kg or 4.27 million ton of carbon dioxide.


Benefit for comp peripherals in worldwide
Benefit for Comp. Peripherals in Worldwide Recharger

  • The average desktop computer consumes = 407 kWh per year .

  • The average CRT monitor consumes approximately = 220 kWh per year, and the average LCD monitor consumes =132 kWh per year.

  • The average laser printer in the study consumed = 280 kWh per year.  

  • Laser multifunction devices followed suit, consuming = 200 kWh per year on average.

  • Total no. of personal computer in world is 1.5 billion. So, the total amount of power consumption by the computers in India is = 1,500,000,000*407= 610,500,000,000 kWh or 610.5 Tera WH.

  • A complete desktop PC emanates 0.7 kg carbon dioxide per kWh. So, the total amount of carbon dioxide emission is 0.7* 610,500,000,000 = 427,350,000,000 kg or 427.35 million ton of carbon dioxide.



Benefit from the project for bts
Benefit from the project for BTS Recharger

Energy saves: - In India, there are over 3,30,000 Base Transmitting Station (BTS) and every BTS consumes all total average 5 kW-H in 1 hour including all payloads. So, the total power consumed in a day by BTS, P= 5*24 = 120 kW-H, and in one year the power consumption is, E = 120 * 365 = 43,800 kW-H and for all BTS in India the value becomes,

Q = 43800 * 330000 = 14454,000,000kW-H which mean on an average the total power consumption in one year in India only by all BTSs is = 14.454 Tera W-H = 14454 Giga W-H .

Fuel controlled: - In India, there are over 1,12,000 Base Transmitting Station (BTS) in rural areas only and due to the power supply problem the 15kW-H Diesel Generator consumes 2 liter diesel per hour. So, the total consumption by the BTSs in rural area in one hour H= 2 * 3,30,000 = 6,60,000 liter diesel. They averagely run 12 hours in a day. So, the total fuel consumption in a day by all BTSs C = 660000 * 12 = 7,290,000 liter diesel. So, in one year the total fuel consumption is F = 7920000 * 365 = 2,890,800,000 liter or more than 2.890 million ton of diesel.

CO2 Emission controlled: - each liter diesel burning produces 2.68 kg Carbon dioxide. So, the total amount of carbon dioxide is produced from the BTSs’ diesel generators from India only X = 2,890,800,000 * 2.68 = 7,747,344,000 kg of carbon dioxide or 7.747344 million ton of carbon dioxide from India only.



The Future of Green ICT Recharger

  • Government’s starting renewable energy plans for their nations.

  • Government’s starting environmental procedures to help the environment out.

  • Human’s are becoming aware of the affects they take on this planet and acting.

  • The Private Sector is investing in green technologies to save money.

  • The future of green technology is now!


ICT solutions For a Sustainable Future Program Recharger

  • Adopting Environment-friendly & smart energy efficient ICT solutions, starting with the transport sector.

  • Applying Green Architecture foundations and requirement in the Maadi technological Area.

  • Turning the MCIT premises to be LEED Certified.

  • Establishing pilot projects for Green and smart ICT applications in the Smart Villages.

  • Supporting the Ministry of State for Environment Affairs (MSEA) in establishing a Climate Change database Center.


Special interest
Special Interest Recharger

  • Solar charger for computer and computer peripherals for rural area where electricity is available for 4 hours with voltage fluctuation.

  • For Rural exchange and Telephone service due to the irregularities in supply of electricity of poor quality – fluctuating voltage – some times damaging the system.


Conclusion
Conclusion Recharger

It is quite possible to introduce photovoltaic charger for mobile, computer and computer peripherals as well as rural exchanges. Mobile charger is already in place. Within next 3 months photovoltaic charger will be in place for computer-desktop, laptop, computer peripherals as well as rural telephone exchanges.


Steps Taken by IIT-A for Green ICT Recharger

  • Green mobile charger – well demonstrated, is ready for the industrial role over.

  • Green ICT is introduced as an Elective in B.Tech final year and M.Tech batches.

  • M.Tech program in Green Energy System Engineering is under planing.

  • Green ICT Center has been proposed to establishe.

  • “Green Super Cloud Computing Center” is going to be established.

  • Many more project are going on in the field of Green ICT.


Industry-Academic partnership Recharger

IIIT-A ready for the challenge


Acknowledgement Recharger

  • Dr. Sonali Agarwal, Senior lecturer, IIITA

  • Mr. Sayantan Nath, Research Scholar, IIITA


Thank you Recharger


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