Australia’s Vocational Education and Training System
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Australia’s Vocational Education and Training System 澳大利亚职业教育与培训系统 Monday 06 July 2009 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Australia’s Vocational Education and Training System 澳大利亚职业教育与培训系统 Monday 06 July 2009 2009 年 7 月 6 日. Ann Goodman, Senior Coordinator 高级协调官 Centre for Industry Education and Training 行业教育与培训中心 Box Hill Institute 博士山学院 Victoria 维多利亚州 Australia 澳大利亚. Contents 内容.

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Australia s vocational education and training system monday 06 july 2009

Australia’s Vocational Education and Training System

澳大利亚职业教育与培训系统

Monday 06 July 2009

2009年7月6日


Australia s vocational education and training system monday 06 july 2009

Ann Goodman, Senior Coordinator高级协调官

Centre for Industry Education and Training

行业教育与培训中心

Box Hill Institute博士山学院

Victoria维多利亚州

Australia澳大利亚


Australia s vocational education and training system monday 06 july 2009

Contents内容

  • Overview of VET in Australia

  • 澳洲职业教育和培训概览

2. Quality Vocational Education and Training

职业教育与培训质量

3. Competency Based Training

以能力为本的培训

  • CBT

  • Training Packages培训包

  • Employability Skills就业能力


Australia s vocational education and training system monday 06 july 2009

Benefits of Competency Based Training

以能力为本的培训的优势

  • Through Competency Based Training, VET provides a more flexible and adaptable workforce if accompanied by sound teacher training and practices, input from industry in curriculum content and intent and student experience in the workplace

  • 通过以能力为本的培训,只要合理配备优秀的培训教师,使用适合的教学和实践手段,同时行业参与制定课程内容,以及学生过往的学习和工作经验,职业教育就能够培养出更具灵活性和适应性的劳动力


Australia s vocational education and training system monday 06 july 2009

Training Packages培训包

  • Managed by Industry Skills Councils (ISC’s)

  • 由产业技能协会管理

  • Currently over 80 training packages

  • 目前已有80余个培训包

  • Outline relevant qualifications for a particular industry area为具体的某一行业制定出相关的准入资格

  • Detail the competencies (skills, knowledge & attitudes) needed to perform effectively in an industry area 详细规定从事某一行业所需的具体的能力点(技能、知识、工作态度)


Industry input

  • Deliver high level inputs into the VET system primarily through endorsement of Industry Training Packages

  • 通过行业培训包的认证, 将行业中所必须的高水平的技能与专业化知识等引入职业教育和培训系统

  • Also direct advice from peak industry associations to governments

  • 并由权威行业协会及政府部门直接提供指导意见

Industry input行业参与


Australia s vocational education and training system monday 06 july 2009

Training Packages and Courses培训包与课程

  • Training Packages.培训包

    • Developed by National Skills Councils (formerly ITABs) or enterprises由国家技能协会(前ITABs)或企业研发

    • Extensive national consultations processes

    • 由国家级机构提供咨询建议

    • Endorsed by the National Training Quality Council (NTQC)

    • 国家培训质量协会认证

  • Courses课程

    • Developed in areas not covered by Training Packages

    • 延伸至培训包所无法涵盖的领域

    • Consultations with industry/community行业或社区提供咨询建议

    • Accredited by state/territory accrediting bodies

    • 由各州(或领地)认证机构提供课程认证


Australia s vocational education and training system monday 06 july 2009

What is a Training Package?何为培训包?

  • Definition定义:

  • A Training Package is a set of nationally endorsed standards and qualifications for recognising and assessing people’s skills.

  • 培训包是一系列获得国家级承认,可用于认证与评估劳动者能力的技能标准与准入资格。

  • A Training Package describes the skills and knowledge needed to perform effectively in the workplace.

  • 培训包对于知识与技能的描述,需按照工作场所的实际要求进行。

  • It does not describe how an individual should be trained.

  • 培训包不对如何培训学员进行描述

  • Teachers and trainers develop learning strategies – the how –

  • depending on learners’ needs, abilities and circumstances.

  • 教师与培训师根据学员的需求、能力与所处的环境自行确定培训方向。


Australia s vocational education and training system monday 06 july 2009

Training Packages培训包

  • Training packages are sets of nationally endorsed:

  • 培训包是一系列经过国家认可的:

    • standards 技能标准

    • qualifications 准入资格

  • for recognising and assessing people’s skills

  • 用于认证与评估劳动者的能力

  • A training package describes the培训包描述:

    • skills and 技能

    • knowledge 知识

  • needed to perform competently in the workplace

  • 按照工作场所实际的能力要求


Characteristics of industry training packages

Characteristics of Industry Training Packages行业培训包的特点

  • Training Packages comprise nationally endorsed competency standards and qualifications for different occupations

  • 培训包包括不同行业的国家认可的能力标准与准入资格

  • Must represent ‘state of the art’ skill formation strategies for industries

  • 必须代表各州行业领域内的统一技能水平

  • They do not prescribe how qualifications should be delivered. This is the job of educational providers.

  • 培训包不对各类学历资格的授课给予规定,因为该工作应由教育提供方完成。


Industry training packages endorsed components

Industry Training Packages:行业培训包Endorsed Components认可的能力

Endorsed Components

认可的能力

Endorsed Components

Part A

第一部分

Competency

Standards

能力标准

Industry or

enterprise

Standards

行业或企业标准

Part B

第二部分

Assessment

Guidelines

评估指导

Advice on specific

industry assessment

Arrangements为具体的行业评估提供建议

Part C

第三部分

Qualifications

准入资格

Qualifications

based on endorsed

industry

competency

Standards准入资格需基于行业对于能力的认可

Competency Standards

Assessment Guidelines

Qualifications Framework


Industry training packages support materials

Non - Endorsed Components

非认可能力

Part F第七部分

Professional

Development

职业发展

Provides resources and

other information to a range of people who

may inquire about the

Training Package

为需要了解培训包事宜的人群提供相关资源和信息

Part E第六部分

Assessment

Instruments评估工具

Instruments for gathering

assessment related data

so that an analysis of

this data can lead

to a judgment

about an individuals

Competence评估工具可用于搜集相关评估数据,以及分析数据,并根据个人情况适时作出调整

Part D第五部分

Learning Strategies

学习方法

Provides a set of learning resources that are developed from an analysis of the competency standards and the qualifications通过分析标准语准入资格,研发并提供一些列学习资源

Industry Training Packages: Support Materials行业培训包:支撑材料

Support Materials

Learning Strategy

Assessment Materials

Professional Development Materials


Victorian government state police training package

Victorian Government State Police Training Package维多利亚州政府警务培训包

  • Advanced Diploma of Police Management警务管理高级文凭

  • Advanced Diploma of Police Management警务管理高级文凭

  • Diploma of Police Supervision警务监督文凭

  • Diploma of Police Supervision警务监督文凭

  • Certificate IV in Protective Services保护服务证书四

  • Certificate IV in Protective Services保护服务证书四

  • Course in Tactical Roping Supervision技术规则监督课程

  • Course in Tactical Roping Supervision技术规则监督课程

  • Course in dynamic breaching动力突破课程


Example public safety training package

Example: Public Safety Training Package示例:公共安全培训包

  • Covers: defence, fire and police sectors, as well as industry wide qualifications包括防御、火灾与警务章节,以及广泛的准入资格

  • Each sector managed by rigorous consultative process每一章节参照严格的咨询程序

  • Contains: integrated qualifications framework from Cert I to Vocational Graduate Diploma for these occupations综合了相关行业职业资格框架中证书一至职业研究生文凭

  • All underpinning competency standards强调能力标准

  • Assessment rules评估准则

  • http://www.ntis.gov.au/?/trainingpackage/PUA00/qualification/PUA60300/rules


Police sector qualifications

Police Sector Qualifications警务部分的准入资格

  • Certificate 2 in Public Safety (3 quals)

  • 公共安全证书二

  • Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander Community Policing原住民与托雷斯海峡岛民社区的警务

  • Aboriginal or Torres Strait Police Liaison原住民与托雷斯海峡的警务联络

  • Police Liaison警方联络

  • Certificate 3 in Public Safety (3 quals)

  • 公共安全证书三

  • Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander Community Policing

  • 原住民与托雷斯海峡岛民社区的警务

  • Aboriginal or Torres Strait Police Liaison原住民与托雷斯海峡的警务联络

  • Police Liaison警方联络

  • Certificate 4 in Public Safety (1 qual)

  • 公安证书四

  • Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander Community Policing

  • 原住民与托雷斯海峡岛民社区的警务


Police sector qualifications1

Police Sector Qualifications警务部分准入资格

  • Diploma of Public Safety (3 quals)

  • 公共安全文凭

  • Police Search & Rescue警察搜救

  • Policing警务处理

  • Forensic Investigations 司法调查

  • Advanced Diploma of Public Safety(2 quals)

  • 公共安全高级文凭

  • Police Search & Rescue Management警察搜救管理

  • Police Investigation 警务调查


Police sector qualifications2

Police Sector Qualifications警务部分准入资格

  • Certificate level qualifications for:

  • 证书级别资格

  • Police Officers who作为警员:

  • Perform a support function从事支持性工作

  • Assist other Police协助其他警员

  • Work in ethnic communities从事民族社区工作


Police sector qualifications3

Police Sector Qualifications警务部分准入资格

  • Diploma level qualifications developed for文凭级别准入资格:

  • Wider Operational Policing functions

  • 从事广泛操作性警务工作

  • Advanced Diploma level qualificationsdeveloped for高级文凭级别准入资格:

  • Supervisory and management functions从事 监督与管理性工作


Advanced diploma of public safety police search rescue management

Qualification Requirements资格需求

10 units of competence 10部分能力

All 5 core units 5个核心能力

5 elective units 5个可选能力

Advanced Diploma of Public Safety (Police Search & Rescue Management)公共安全高级文凭(警察搜救管理)


Advanced diploma of public safety police search rescue management core units of competence

Manage search & rescue operations搜救操作管理

Manage human resources人力资源管理

Contribute to policy formulation & revision警务规范与投诉

Liaise with media at a local level同媒体与地方的联系

Navigate in urban & rural environments城市与农村环境驾驶

or

Navigate in an aquatic environment水环境驾驶

or

Plan & navigate an inshore passage近岸的规划与驾驶

Advanced Diploma of Public Safety (Police Search & Rescue Management)公共安全高级文凭(警察搜救管理)CORE UNITS OF COMPETENCE核心能力


Advanced diploma of public safety police search rescue management electives unitsof competence

Manage the organisation’s public safety responsibilities对组织中公共安全责任的管理

Design & manage activities which exercise elements of emergency management设计与管理会导致紧急因素的活动

Conduct briefings/debriefings

进行总结

  • Control multi-agency emergency situations控制多危险因素状态

  • Command agency personnel within a multi-agency emergency response多危险因素状态下对人员的控制

  • Coordinate resources within a multi-agency emergency response多危险因素状态下对资源的协调

Advanced Diploma of Public Safety(Police Search & Rescue Management)公共安全高级文凭(警察搜救管理)ELECTIVES UNITSOF COMPETENCE可选能力点


Group activity

Group Activity团队活动

  • Form a group of 4 or 5.组成4-5人的小组

  • In your groups, choose 5 elective units of competence from the list that you would like to include in a Advanced Diploma of Public Safety (Police Search & Rescue- Management) qualification developed for the Hangzhou Police.

  • 在你的小组中,选择5个可选能力点为杭州警察开展公共安全高级文凭(警察搜救管理)的学习

  • These will be in addition to the 5 CORE units of competence.

  • 包括五个核心能力点

  • Be prepared to present this information to the entire group

  • 准备向全组人员演讲


Australia s vocational education and training system monday 06 july 2009

Identifying Changes To Curriculum发现课程需改变之处

  • Course review processes课程回顾过程

  • Changes in National Curriculum

  • 根据国家课程的标准进行改变

  • Review of Industry Competency Standards

  • 了解行业能力标准

  • The CMM Advisory Groups CMM 课程管理负责

  • 人顾问小组

  • The Industry Training Board行业培训协会


National training information services australia and united kingdom

National Training Information Services: Australia and United Kingdom国家培训信息服务:澳洲与英国

  • Australia澳洲

  • http://www.ntis.gov.au/?/trainingpackage/PUA00/qualification/PUA60300/rules

  • United Kingdom英国

  • http://www.direct.gov.uk/en/EducationAndLearning/QualificationsExplained/DG_10039029


Australia s vocational education and training system monday 06 july 2009

Contents 内容

  • Overview of VET in Australia

  • 澳大利亚职业教育与培训介绍

2. Quality Vocational Education and Training 职业教育与培训的质量

3. Competency Based Training以能力为本的培训

  • CBT

  • Training Packages培训包

  • Employability Skills就业能力


Employability skills definition

EMPLOYABILITY SKILLS 就业能力Definition定义:

  • Skills required not only to gain employment but also to progress within an enterprise so as to achieve one’s potential and contribute successfully to enterprise strategic directions.

  • 此能力不仅指获得就业机会的能力,还包括在企业中提升自己的潜能,并能够对企业发展不断作出贡献

  • Employability Skills are sometimes referred to as generis skills or capabilities or key competencies.就业能力是指特定能力或关键性技能

Employability skills for the future, 2002. Department of Education, Science and Training. Commonwealth of Australia


Australia s employability skills

Communication沟通

Teamwork团队工作

Problem solving解决问题

Initiative & enterprise创新能力

Planning & organising计划与组织

Self-management自我管理

Learning学习

Technology 技术

AUSTRALIA’S EMPLOYABILITY SKILLS澳大利亚的就业能力


United kingdom s employability skills

UNITED KINGDOM’S EMPLOYABILITY SKILLS英国的就业能力

  • Positive Approach积极的方法

  • Functional Skills职业技能:

  • Using numbers effectively有效使用数字

  • Using language effectively有效使用语言

  • Using IT effectively有效使用信息技术

  • Personal Skills个人能力:

  • Self-management自我管理

  • Thinking and solving problems思考与解决问题


Australia s vocational education and training system monday 06 july 2009

Challenges for VET Systems VET系统面临的挑战

  • How do we ensure that transferable skills such as:

  • 如何确保可转化的能力已完全融入职业发展中?如:

  • Innovation创新能力

  • Entrepreneurship企业管理

  • Cross cultural communication跨文化沟通

  • are thoroughly incorporated within skill development?


Australia s vocational education and training system monday 06 july 2009

EMPLOYABILITY SKILLS公共安全高级文凭就业能力示例examples from theAdvanced Diploma of Public Safety (Police Search & Rescue- Management)(警察搜救管理)

  • Communications:provides briefings to the appropriate people in accordance with operational procedures

  • 沟通:根据工作流程向正确的人群传达简要的信息

  • Teamwork: allocate assets

  • 团队工作:分配资源

  • Technology: understand requirements of different media such as newspapers, magazines, radio, television

  • 技术:理解报纸、杂志、广播、电视等不同媒体的不同需求


Australia s vocational education and training system monday 06 july 2009

EMPLOYABILITY SKILLS公共安全高级文凭就业能力示例examples from the Advanced Diploma of Public Safety (Police Search & Rescue- Management)(警察搜救管理)

  • Problem solving:solve problems & establish issue resolution procedures within legislative requirements & organisation’s guidelines

  • 解决问题:处理问题与在法律法规许可的范围内建立处理问题的机制

  • Initiative: recognise & encourage initiative & innovation

  • 创新性:认识和鼓励创新

  • Planning & organising: develop search & rescue strategy based on all information available

  • 计划与组织:以现有的信息为基础,建立搜救工作策略


Australia s vocational education and training system monday 06 july 2009

EMPLOYABILITY SKILLS公共安全高级文凭就业能力示例examples from the Advanced Diploma of Public Safety (Police Search & Rescue- Management)(警察搜救管理)

  • Self management:apply an understanding of Occupational Health and Safety requirements

  • 自我管理:理解职业健康与安全准则

  • Learning: contribute coaching & mentoring to the training, education & development of personnel in an environment of change

  • 学习:建立培训、教育、职业发展的环境,并促使学员发展职业能力


Group activity1

Group Activity团队活动

  • Form a group of 4 or 5.组织4-5人的团队

  • In your groups, determine at least 5 employability skills that are relevant to job roles in China.

  • 在你所在的团队中,确定至少5点和自己的工作相关的就业能力

  • Consider the skills required to考虑所需要的技能以

  • progress within the Police workforce满足警务系统的发展

  • achieve one’s individual potential at work发展个人在工作上的潜力

  • contribute to the directions of the Hangzhou/Zhejiang ProvincialPolice Force

  • 对杭州市或浙江省的警察队伍的发展具有推动作用

  • These are generic skills across all sectors but are interpreted specifically at the qualification level.

  • 包括各部分的通用技能,并用符合岗位准入资格的方式进行解释。

  • Be prepared to present this information to the entire group

  • 在小组内进行演讲


Australia s vocational education and training system monday 06 july 2009

  • THANK YOU!

  • 谢谢!


Australia s vocational education and training system monday 06 july 2009

  • Ann Goodman

  • Senior Coordinator, Industry Education and Training, Box Hill Institute

  • 博士山学院行业教育与培训高级协调官

  • +61 3 9286 9783

  • [email protected]

  • www.boxhill.edu.au


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