Smoking in finland 1950 99
Sponsored Links
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
1 / 40

Smoking in Finland 1950-99 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 85 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Smoking in Finland 1950-99. %. Men. Women. Daily smokers by education in Finland. Male. Female. Education. Tobacco Act 1977 in Finland. Main goal: to protect people of the health risks of tobacco smoke. advertising ban obligatory warnings to the tobacco packages

Download Presentation

Smoking in Finland 1950-99

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Smoking in Finland 1950-99

%

Men

Women


Daily smokers by education in Finland

Male

Female

Education


Tobacco Act 1977 in Finland

Main goal: to protect people of the health risks of tobacco smoke.

  • advertising ban

  • obligatory warnings to the tobacco packages

  • maximum limits of harmful substances

  • prohibition of sales of tobacco products to any person under the age of 16 years

  • smoke-free public premises (schools, public indoor places - except in smoking rooms)

  • smoking prohibition on most public transport

  • 0,5 % of tobacco tax money for anti-smoking research


Amendment to Tobacco Act in 1995in Finland

  • Prohibition of smoking at all work sites (except individual offices or smoking rooms)

  • Sale of tobacco products under 18 years prohibited

  • Sale of smokeless tobacco prohibited

  • Indirect tobacco advertising and sponsoring prohibited

  • Smoking prohibited also in school yards


Exposure to ETS

%


Amendment to Tobacco Act in 2000in Finland

  • Restaurants have to increase the smoke-free area => 50% for non-smokers by 2001

  • Tobacco smoke was included into the national list of carcinogenic substances


Lung Cancer in Finland 1953-97

/100000, age-adjusted

Men

Women

Finnish Cancer Registry


Smoking and lung cancer in Finland 1950-97

%, /100000, age adjusted

Men

Women


Coronary Heart Disease Mortality among 35-64 years old in Finland in 1952-96

/100000, age adjusted

National Public Health Institute


Proportion of daily smokers (%) among young people1979 - 1999

Rimpelä A, et al: Adolescent Health Study 1999. Finland´s ASH


Proportion of daily smokers (%)among 14 year old boys and girls 1979 - 1999

Rimpelä A, et al: Adolescent Health Study, 1999. Finland´s ASH


Tobacco Advertising Ban in the European Union

  • Nearly one third of the population in EU smokes.

  • The fight against smoking is one of the priorities in EU.

  • 1989 no television advertising for tobacco in EU.

  • 1997 directive to ban all advertising for tobacco in EU

    • aim is to reduce the consumption of tobacco by Europeans

    • by 2003 national laws in member states in force

    • by 2006 including Formula I motor racing events


GLOBAL TOBACCO BURDEN(J. Mackay 1999)

20002030

No of smokers1.1 b1.6 b

Annual deaths 4 m 10 m

Children exposed to ETS

at home700 m770 m

Economic costs > losses, USD200 b ???


WHAT IS QUIT AND WIN

  • Smoking cessation contest for adults

  • Collaboration between governments, NGOs etc.

  • Positive approach to stop smoking

  • Cost-effective method

  • International - translates across different cultures

  • Chance to win prizes - but above all HEALTH


INTERNATIONAL QUIT & WINSeries

participants

199413 countries 60.000

199625 countries 70.000

199848 countries200.000

200083 countries500.000 - 1 million


INTERNATIONAL QUIT & WIN: Experiences

One-year total abstinence rates: (1996 follow-up) national: men 22%, women 16%

regional: men 27%, women 27%

Good cost-effectiveness ratio, great public health value

In addition to specific effects, many obvious secondary impacts to support national antismoking work


WHY ARE THE NGO’S INTERESTED IN QUIT & WIN?

  • participation in important public health work

  • Quit & Win offers simple, practical tool

  • great human and media interest (competition, winners, etc.)

  • collaboration with health services and governmental agencies

  • good possibilities for sponsors

  • international aspects


QUIT AND WIN: NATIONAL IMPLEMENTATION PRINCIPLES

Each country organizes the Q&W by itself, with local resources, but following theinternational rules (same core)

Coordinating agency (+ contact person): national institute, NGO, university orministry

Usually broad coalitions: health agencies, health services, NGO’s (tobacco, cancer, heart, lung etc.), pharmaceutical industry, media

Innovative solutions in the practical implementation, i.e.in the distribution of materials / recruitment of smokers

Promotional support from International Quit and Win


QUIT & WIN 2000: RULES

at least 18 years old, current daily smoker

quit date: 2nd May 2000

participants must fill an entry form -> to local organizer by 2nd May

draw for winners: after 4 weeks’ attempted abstinence

testing + interview of winners

national prizes + international super prizes

standardized one-year follow-up + process evaluation

optional supporters’ contest


SUPPORTERS’ CONTEST: OPTIONAL

  • one supporter, indicated at the end of the smoker’s registration form

  • supporter(s) win their prize(s), if their respective smoker participant(s) win


INTERNATIONAL QUIT & WIN 2000

target: 75-100 countries

500.000 - 1.000.000 smokers

prizes:International Superprize :10.000 USD

6 Regional prizes: 2.500 USD each

support of WHO Tobacco Free Initiative

International Steering Committee

Collaboration: WHO, NGOs, KTL+ countries

Coordinating Centre: KTL, Finland


Quit and Win 2000Coordinating Centre

  • Information

    • Circulars etc.

  • International campaign material (posters, video, leaflets etc.)

  • Quit and Win handbook

    • in English, Spanish, Russian & Chinese

  • Training and motivation workshops

  • International media relations

  • Internet site

  • Super prizes

  • Bio chemical tests


QUIT AND WIN 2000: TIMETABLE (1)

SUMMER & AUTUMN 1999: - International Q & W promotion materials

- Start of Q &W 2000 planning in countries

END OF 1999: - Decision to participate by countries

END OF 1999, EARLY 2000: - National coalitions - Planning of national materials

APRIL - 2ND MAY 2000: - Intensive media campaign


QUIT AND WIN 2000: TIMETABLE (2)

2 MAY 2000: - Quit date (end of receiving or mailing of registrations)

25 - 30 MAY 2000:- National draws

31 MAY OR LATER 2000:- Announcement of national winners

9 JUNE 2000 in Malta: - International draw for super prizes

29 AUGUST 2000 at EXPO- Awarding the Super prize $10.0002000 in Hannover, Germany

MAY 2001:- Standardized 1-year follow-up


AFRO (Africa)

EMRO (Eastern Mediterranean)

EURO (Europe)

PAHO (Americas)

SEARO (South-East Asia)

WPRO (Western Pacific)

7

11

33

15

6

11

----------

83

COUNTRIES ORGANIZING QUIT & WIN 2000


QUIT & WIN:Superprize winners

1994 Malta

1996 China

1998 Chile


ENYPATEuropean Network on Young People and Tobacco

AIM: to contribute to the reduction of tobacco use among young people at European level

=> Information exchange

=> European-wide collaboration

=> Programme building

=> Policy development


ENYPATEuropean Network on Young People and Tobacco

FUNDED:

Europe against Cancer Programme of the European Commission

HOSTED:

1993-96 ASH Scotland

1997- National Public Health Institute (KTL), Finland

SUPPORTED:

The Advisory Board


ENYPATEuropean Network on Young People and Tobacco

FROM THE BEGINNING

Information exchange between people working in the fields of young people, tobacco and health

=> Newsletter Interaction

=> Database about people and projects


ENYPATEuropean Network on Young People and Tobacco

NEW ROLE:

To develop, co-ordinate and administer wider and more coherent smoking prevention programmes at European level

=> Framework Project


ENYPAT Framework Project1999-2000


ENYPATEuropean Network on Young People and Tobacco

Smoke Free Parnerships:

* School- and community-based

* Targets 9-15 year olds + parents

* Education materials

* Five countries


ENYPATEuropean Network on Young People and Tobacco

Quit and Win - Do Not Start and Win

* Aim: to help young smokers to quit and non-smokers to stay non-smokers

* 3 months: two draws with attractive prizes

* In 7 countries


ENYPATEuropean Network on Young People and Tobacco

Berlin Youth Conference

* in June 2000

* 300 young people from 15 countries

* present creative non-smoking activities

* workshops


Smokefree Class CompetitionIn Europe

* since 1997 at European level

* prevent the onset of smoking

* pupils aged 11-15 (7th and 8th grades)

* the class jointly decides

* period of 6 months

* national and European draw


Smokefree Class Competition in Europe

* 1997/98 in 7 countries: 100 000 pupils

* 1998/99 in 11 countries: 160 000 pupils

*1999/00 in 13 countries: 230 000 pupils

* Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Italy, L:bourg, Spain, Netherlands, UK


Smokefree Class Competition in Europe

Denmark: classes have to carry out an activity

Belgium: each pupil get a small prize

Germany: teachers have workshops

Spain: classes should make own slogan

www.ift-nord.de/sfc


Smokefree Class Competition in Europe

* evaluated in Finland and in Germany

* control-group studies with repeated measurements, 1 year follow-up

* result of both evaluation: the competition delays the onset of smoking


ENYPATEuropean Network on Young People and Tobacco

Campaigns as SFC

* positive

* quite easy to organize

* wide audience

* media interested

* promising results

But only supportive action - not solution!


Mr Nicotine is here to get you!


  • Login