SENTENCE PATTERNS. Sentence Parts. Subject – verb – direct object or subject complement -- modifiers 1 A genome is all the genetic material in the chromosomes of an organism. 2 The human genome includes about three billion base pairs that make up human DNA.
Subject – verb – direct object or subject complement -- modifiers
1 A genome is all the genetic material in the chromosomes of an organism.
2 The human genomeincludes about three billion base pairs that make up human DNA.
3 The Human Genome Project, completed in 2003, was a 13-year, international effort to identify the 20,000-25,000 human genes and make them accessible for further biological study.
4 This researchhas catalyzed biotechnology.
Subject – verb – direct object or subject complement
All membersarepresent. S-V-SCA
The womenfound the candidate’s languageoffensive. S-V-DO-DOCA
The subject is followed by an intransitive verb , which takes no direct object.
(Note: In the diagrams, “NP” = noun phrase.)
Even if the verb is followed by a prepositional phrase, the verb is still intransitive if it does not take a direct object. Ex:The childrenare sleeping in the next room.
Whois calling at this hour?
My brother is taking his wife on a cruise.
The subject is followed by a transitive verb, which has a direct object.
Note: There are now 2 nouns in the sentence: NP1= subject; NP2= direct object.
A linking verb is followed by a subject complement (adjective) that describes the subject (SCA).
The SCA may be a prepositional phrase.
A linking verb is followed by a subject complement (noun) that renames the subject (SCN).
Note: The second noun, the subject complement, is still designated as NP1 because it refers to the same thing (Mr. James = teacher).
A linking verbmay also be followed by an adverb indicating where or when.
Grandma’s house always smelled like moth balls.
NP1 LV ADJ subject subjective complement
The air feels wintry today.
NP1 LV ADJ
A transitive verb may be followed by an indirect object and then a direct object.
A test for an indirect object is to put the DO first and the IO after it with “to” or “for.” Ex. Smithers gave a raise to the employees.
Note: There are now 3 different nouns in the sentence: NP1, NP2, and NP3.
The transitive verb is followed by a direct object, and the direct object is followed by an object complement (adjective or noun).
The DOCA describes the direct object.
The DOCN renames the direct object.
Note: Just like the SCN, the DOCN refers to the same thing: Jacobsen=friend.