Sentence patterns
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SENTENCE PATTERNS. Sentence Parts. Subject – verb – direct object or subject complement -- modifiers 1 A genome is all the genetic material in the chromosomes of an organism. 2 The human genome includes about three billion base pairs that make up human DNA.

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SENTENCE PATTERNS

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Sentence patterns

SENTENCEPATTERNS


Sentence parts

Sentence Parts

Subject – verb – direct object or subject complement -- modifiers

1 A genome is all the genetic material in the chromosomes of an organism.

2 The human genomeincludes about three billion base pairs that make up human DNA.

3 The Human Genome Project, completed in 2003, was a 13-year, international effort to identify the 20,000-25,000 human genes and make them accessible for further biological study.

4 This researchhas catalyzed biotechnology.


Sentence patterns1

Sentence Patterns

Subject – verb – direct object or subject complement

  • The Dow Jones Industrial Average fell by 53 points. S-V

  • The studentsworked the algebra problems. S-V-DO

  • A virusis a pathogen. S-V-SCNOR

    All membersarepresent. S-V-SCA

  • Jane’s bossofferedher a raise. S-V-IO-DO

  • I consideryou my best friend. S-V-DO-DOCA OR

    The womenfound the candidate’s languageoffensive. S-V-DO-DOCA


1 s v

1. S + V

The subject is followed by an intransitive verb , which takes no direct object.

(Note: In the diagrams, “NP” = noun phrase.)

Even if the verb is followed by a prepositional phrase, the verb is still intransitive if it does not take a direct object. Ex:The childrenare sleeping in the next room.

Whois calling at this hour?


2 s v d o

My brother is taking his wife on a cruise.

2. S+ V + D O

The subject is followed by a transitive verb, which has a direct object.

Note: There are now 2 nouns in the sentence: NP1= subject; NP2= direct object.


3a s lv sc

3a. S + LV + SC

A linking verb is followed by a subject complement (adjective) that describes the subject (SCA).

The SCA may be a prepositional phrase.


3b s lv scn

3b. S + LV + SCN

A linking verb is followed by a subject complement (noun) that renames the subject (SCN).

Note: The second noun, the subject complement, is still designated as NP1 because it refers to the same thing (Mr. James = teacher).


3c s lv adv time place

3c. S + LV + ADV(Time/Place)

A linking verbmay also be followed by an adverb indicating where or when.

  • The adverbial indicating where or when may be a prepositional phrase.


More linking verbs

Grandma’s house always smelled like moth balls.

NP1 LV ADJ subject subjective complement

The air feels wintry today.

NP1 LV ADJ

subjectsubjective complement

More Linking Verbs

  • The linking verb may be a word similar to “be,” such as “seem,” “appear,” “become,” or “looks.”

  • Or, it may be a verb relating to the senses.


4 s v io do

4. S + V + IO + DO

A transitive verb may be followed by an indirect object and then a direct object.

A test for an indirect object is to put the DO first and the IO after it with “to” or “for.” Ex. Smithers gave a raise to the employees.

Note: There are now 3 different nouns in the sentence: NP1, NP2, and NP3.


5a s v do doca

5a. S + V + DO + DOCA

The transitive verb is followed by a direct object, and the direct object is followed by an object complement (adjective or noun).

The DOCA describes the direct object.


5b s v do docn

5b. S + V + DO + DOCN

The DOCN renames the direct object.

Note: Just like the SCN, the DOCN refers to the same thing: Jacobsen=friend.


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