Dr simone mccaughren university college cork 21 st june 2011
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Dr. Simone McCaughren University College Cork 21 st June 2011. Researching experience: narrative as a methodology in social Science research. Outline of presentation. Background to the research Research design Narrative: a conceptual framework Methodology of narrative

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Dr simone mccaughren university college cork 21 st june 2011

Dr. Simone McCaughren

University College Cork

21st June 2011

Researching experience:narrative as a methodology in social Science research


Outline of presentation

Outline of presentation

  • Background to the research

  • Research design

  • Narrative: a conceptual framework

  • Methodology of narrative

  • Challenges of method

  • Conclusion/questions/discussion


Background to the research

Background to the research

  • Researcher’s biography

  • Practice & academia – straddling two worlds – practitioner or researcher?

  • Rationale for undertaking the research

  • Designing the research in light of the above


Research design

Research design

  • Narrative methodology

  • Interviews carried out over a period of 1.5 years

  • More than 30 adoptive parents – joint interviews

  • Sampling strategy included criterion & snowball sampling

  • 7 adoption agencies nationwide


What is meant by narrative

What is meant by narrative?

“Narratives (stories) in the human sciences should be defined provisionally as discourses with a clear sequential order that connect events in a meaningful way for a definite audience and thus offer insights about the world and/or people’s experiences of it”

Hinchman & Hinchman (1997)


Narrative a conceptual framework

Narrative: A conceptual framework

  • Narratives & adoption discourse

  • Grand narratives – Church & State

  • Narrative of romanticism

  • Power of narrative/people telling stories

  • Contemporary adoption discourse


Methodology of narrative why

Methodology of narrative – why?

  • Represents a move away from the more traditional qualitative research methods

  • Adoption’s history is all about unheard voices

  • Stories are an integral part of adoption discourse

  • People tell stories all the time

  • Stories provide coherence and continuity to one’s experience and have a central role in our communication with others

  • Personal narratives, are people’s identity

  • Fit with post-modern paradigm


The narrative interview

The narrative interview

  • Different approaches to narrative interviews

  • The narrative interview (Schutze 1977; Riemann and Schutze, 1987)* - summarised by Flick, 1998

  • Biographical Narrative Interpretive Method (BNIM) Chamberlayne et al, 2000; Wengraf 2001


The narrative interview contd

The narrative interview contd.

  • 1. Initiation - GNQ

  • 2. Main narration

  • 3. Questioning phase

  • 4. Concluding talk

    Table from Bauer & Gaskell (2000) ‘Basic phases of the narrative interview’


Challenges

Challenges

  • Systematic violation of the role expectations of both participants

  • Narrative research is usually carried out with small sample size but the quantity of data gathered is large

  • No two interviews are alike - extremely rich data

  • Skills & integrity of the researcher


Conclusion

Conclusion

  • A challenging approach that needs to be developed and refined

  • A new skill

  • Training for BNIM

  • Pilot the research method

  • Very rich material - analysis

  • Participants offered their insights into the lived experience of O.A.

  • Would I have approach research in a different way? .....where do I start??!!

  • Any questions?


Thank you

Thank you!

  • Email: [email protected]


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