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The French Revolution and Napoleon (1789- 1812). By: Sarah Thames Pages (536- 557). The Revolt of the Third Estate. King Louis XVI solicit funds trough Estate General in 1789: trigger of French Rev. France divided: clergy, Nobility, everyone else Nobles Guarantees of personal liberty

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The french revolution and napoleon 1789 1812

The French Revolution and Napoleon (1789- 1812)

By: Sarah Thames

Pages (536- 557)

The revolt of the third estate
The Revolt of the Third Estate

  • King Louis XVI solicit funds trough Estate General in 1789: trigger of French Rev.

  • France divided: clergy, Nobility, everyone else

  • Nobles

    • Guarantees of personal liberty

    • Freedom of the press and speech

    • Freedom from arbitrary arrest

    • Minimal taxation

    • Estate General meet in three separate chambers

    • June 20 “Oath of the Tennis Court”- boycotted until new draft of constitution

Revolt of the poor
Revolt of the Poor

  • Tension rise against the organized authorities

    • Poor Harvest: prices of bread increased 1789

    • Farmers

      • farmers refused to pay their taxes and moral support

  • Mobs stormed Bastille

    • jail and an army located in the capital city of Paris. I

    • important because it held the base of feudalism such as, important documents.

    • Assassinated governor of Bastille/mayor of Paris

  • Peasants: against remaining feudalism

  • Destroyed documents that demanded feudal dues and taxes

National assembly
National Assembly

  • Third Estate allied and declared “National Assembly” June 13

  • Abolished feudalism and serfdom, tithe for the church, special privileges of nobility

  • “Declaration of the Rights of Men and the Citizen”

    • Freedom of thought, religion, petition

    • “March of the Women”- protesting high price of bread, marched to royal palace in Versailles

    • “Great Fear” peasants worried landlords burn harvest to block reform attack clergy/ nobility

    • Uniform gov. confiscated church property

    • Men voting

    • Protestants, Jews= full citizenship

Reign of terror
Reign of Terror

  • The Committee of Public Safety launched the Reign of Terror against the counter- revolutionaries.

  • campaigned against feudal privileges.

  • They promoted

    • universal education

    • abolished slavery throughout France’s colonies.

    • Violence

      • conflict and warfare between the radical Jacobins (radical) and the moderate Gorondin (middle class)

      • Overthrew Monarchy government when executed Louis XVI establishment of the constitutional monarchy.

Napoleon in power 1799 1812
Napoleon in Power(1799-1812)

  • Napoleon ended the French Revolution in 1812.

    • conquered many regions of Europe in 1810, where he introduced the administrative reforms of the revolution.

    • end to feudalism privilege, equality of rights, religious tolerations, free trade, and efficient and systematic administrative.

    • Flaws

      • First, attempted conquer Britain, marine power and land forces of its allies too strong.

      • Battle of Trafalgar in 1805= napoleon defeated

      • Russian emperor supported Britain, Napoleon invaded Russia in 1812, many troops killed

      • The nations Napoleon conquered

        • felt national and wanted to rule themselves: Haiti, independence in the 1790s ,attempted to re-impose the French rule and reinstitute slavery.

    • In 1813: defeated by a group of Europeans, didn’t want countries to be colonized by France.

    • Napoleon then resigned and Louis XVI assumed the throne.

Latin america vocabulary
Latin America: Vocabulary

  • Creoles: descendants of European settlers

    • Wanted more economic and political rights

    • Feared potential power from mixed races

  • Mestizo: mixed race- Spanish/ Amerindians

    • No considered as elite

  • Mazombas: American- born direct descendants of Portugese settlers

  • Simon Bolivar- croele

    • Dominated public life for 20 years

    • Studying in Europe- 1807 returned to Venezuela and joined movements for LA’s independence

    • Spurred- Napoleon invaded Spain and installed own people

      • Lack of influence of LA culture

Independence movement
Independence Movement

  • 1810-1826

    • Paraguay (1811)

      • Bolivar(1819- 1821) liberated Columbia, Venezuala, and Ecuador

    • Jose de San Martin- Argentina

      • “Army of the Andes” many slave participated

      • Took over Chili, emptied the Spanish but refused to Rule Banardo O’Higgins leader

      • 1825: Bolivar captured Peru, upper Peru became Bolivia

    • Brazil owned by Portalgese- where royal family fled from Napolean

      • Made more of an equal country than colony

      • Independent without violence because Portugal King’s son was left in Brazil

Simon bolivar challenge of unification
Simon Bolivar: Challenge of Unification

  • Wanted to unify entire South America

    • Generals wanted their own independence

    • 18 nations that emerged from Spanish America

    • Warfare among new states after independence

      • Gave power to armies and military force