5 themes of geography
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5 Themes of Geography. Mrs. McGee World History. How do geography and people affect one another?. Group sharing/discussion Everyone in your group should write down at least 3 answers to the question Class sharing/discussion. What are the five themes?.

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5 Themes of Geography

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5 themes of geography

5 Themes of Geography

Mrs. McGee

World History


How do geography and people affect one another

How do geography and people affect one another?

  • Group sharing/discussion

  • Everyone in your group should write down at least 3 answers to the question

  • Class sharing/discussion


What are the five themes

What are the five themes?

  • Tools geographer’s use to study features on earth.

    • Location

    • Place

    • Movement

    • Region

    • Human Environment Interaction


Location

Location

  • Describes where places are at on earth.

  • Types of Location:

    • ABSOLUTE:exact location on earth (fixed)

      • Doesn’t change

        • Latitude/Longitude

        • Hemispheres

        • Grid System

        • Address

    • RELATIVE:compared to other places (variable)

      • Changes dependent upon where you’re comparing it to.

        • Miles

        • Distance

        • Direction


Absolute location

Absolute Location

  • Examples:

    • Rome is located at 41 N, 12 E

    • Argentina is located in the southern hemisphere

    • Ecuador is located in Tropic of Cancer.

    • LNE is located in Lincoln, NE.


Relative location

Relative Location

  • Examples:

    • Rome is located near the Mediterranean Sea.

    • Argentina is near Brazil.

    • Ecuador is south of Mexico.

    • Lincoln is 50 miles from Omaha.


Place

Place

  • A place is defined by it’s unique characteristics.

    • Physical characteristics

    • Cultural characteristics


Physical characteristics

Physical Characteristics

  • Specific to THAT place, not generic.

    • The way a place looks.

  • Created by nature.

    • Mountains

    • Rivers, Lakes, Seas

    • Climate

    • Vegetation

  • Examples:

    • Andes Mountains are in South America.

    • Amazon River flows through Brazil.

    • Pampas are located in Argentina.

    • The isthmus of Panama connects Central & South America.


Cultural characteristics

Cultural Characteristics

  • Specific to THAT place, not generic.

    • Peoples activities change the way a place looks or is represented.

  • Man-made or invented.

    • Language

    • Unique buildings

    • Religious Practices

    • Celebrations/traditions/holidays

  • Examples:

    • Portuguese is the official language of Brazil.

    • Many Mexicans are Catholic.

    • Mayan ruins are located in Mexico.

    • Cinco de Mayo is a national holiday in Mexico.


Movement

Movement

  • Places do not exist in isolation.

    • Interconnectedness of the world changes the way places“look”.

      • Today: “globalization”

    • People, goods & ideas move from place to place.

  • Examples

    • Immigration from Latin America to US.

    • War in Iraq (troops, supplies, ideas, people)

    • UNL (people, ideas)

    • Myspace, Facebook (ideas)


Region

Region

  • The world is divided into different regions based upon similarities & differences.

    • Climate

    • Location

    • Beliefs

    • Languages

    • Ethnicity/Race

  • Types:

    • Formal

    • Functional

    • Perceptual


Formal region

Formal Region

  • Most common/familiar.

  • Determined by the distribution of a uniform characteristic (physical or cultural)

    • Location

    • Climate

    • Religion

  • Examples

    • Central America (Mexico, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Panama)

    • Latin America (spanish-speaking nations)

    • Tropics (countries located near equator)


Functional region

Functional Region

  • Serves a purpose that affects places around it.

    • Distributes goods/people

    • Serves specific purpose

  • Examples:

    • Panama Canal

    • Amazon River Basin

    • Hollywood

    • Havana, Cuba


Perceptual region

Perceptual Region

  • Groups of areas that provoke a certain stereotype or feeling.

  • Examples:

    • The Bronx

    • The “ghetto”

    • China town


5 themes of geography

HEI

  • The environment & people are interconnected.

  • Consequences to those actions depend upon how people choose to interact with the world and use their resources.

    • Positive/Negative

    • Intentional/Accidental

    • Favorable/Destructive


5 themes of geography

HEI

  • Current Enviromental Issues:

    • Climate Change (global warming)

    • Energy Resources

    • Water Conservation

    • Deforestation


Assignment

Assignment

  • “What does each theme look like?”

  • Create a graphic organizer to visually represent each of the fives themes of geography.

    • You may ONLY use words to label each circle.

    • Your picture should clearly describe the theme.

    • Be creative, and thoughtful.


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