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Interactive research in a constructionist perspective. Dian Marie Hosking geocities.com/dian_marie_hosking. science. science = one way of knowing what is “n ormal ” (science) or ‘orthodox’, abnormal or heretical… changes narratives in/of science Naïve realism Constructi vism

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interactive research in a constructionist perspective

Interactive research in a constructionist perspective

Dian Marie Hosking

geocities.com/dian_marie_hosking

science
science
  • science = one way of knowing
    • what is “normal”(science) or ‘orthodox’, abnormal or heretical…changes
  • narratives in/of science
      • Naïve realism
      • Constructivism
      • Social Constructionism
naive realism
Naive realism
  • reality & relations
    • singular, universal, ‘object out there’ &
    • available to be known by separate subject
  • sense data
    • provide knowledge of the world (sense taking)
  • language
    • re-presents this knowledge (the world)
  • research interest
    • knowing ‘the world as it really is’
constructi vism
constructivism
  • sense dataare thebasis for
    • ‘perception’ …constructivesense making
    • knower combines what it is ‘in the head’ with what is ‘in the world’
  • reality
    • singular, universal, ‘object out there’ &
    • available to be known by separate subject
  • language:re-presents sense-making
  • research interest:
    • knowing ‘the world as it really is’
continuing taken for granteds
Continuing taken-for-granteds
  • reality
    • singular
  • language
    • representative function
  • separate ontologies
    • individual agent, ‘internal’ & ‘external’ worlds
  • interest:
    • one voice (Science) defines…
    • other interests?
relational constructionism
relational constructionism
  • reality:
    • multiple
    • (re)constructed in inter-action
    • co-constructed
      • neither subjective nor objective but
    • relational ontology
  • language:
    • is action, is performative
    • a local-cultural practice or ‘form of life’
  • scientific interests:
    • what & how of reality construction processes
research as a reality construction process
research as a reality construction process
  • the Received View of Science (RVS)
    • constructs separate ontologies -
    • relations between knower & known i.e.,
    • Subject-Object relations

this is just one way of constructing relations

  • self & other & relationship
    • can be viewed as ongoing (re)constructions
    • in S-O relations or..?
focusing on construction processes
Focusing on construction processes
  • de- centers persons & relations between persons
  • centers processes of relating texts:
    • words, pictures, actions, symbols...
    • to other words, pictures, actions, symbols...
  • constructions/relational realities are:
    • multiple &
    • partial/local
  • relating = person & world making
  • ‘becoming realism’
interactive inquiry
Interactive inquiry
  • All inquiry is inter-action
  • a relational constructionist thought style offers ways of self & world making through inter-actions that:
    • are open to multiple local realities
    • are provocative (of possibilities)
    • create ‘power to’ go on in different but equal relations
    • are reflexive
reflexivity 1
Reflexivity 1
  • in RVS: to minimise bias in knowledge claims
  • revision: making bias visible
  • post modern:
    • S cannot speak for O
    • telling ourselves a story about ourselves (Chia)
    • opening up to multiple constructions &
    • multiple self-other relations that are in ongoing re-construction

Reflexivity as an epistemological issue

reflexivity relational constructionism
Reflexivity & relational constructionism
  • an aspect of ‘becoming’, of ontology & so:
    • a feature of the processes of relating
    • part of ongoing research process
  • concerns how are we ‘going on’ together
      • the local realities are we constructing
  • ‘…a case for the end of knowing & the rediscovery of development’ (Newman & Holtzman)
inquiry as development
Inquiry as development
  • methodology as ‘tool & result’
  • how we do things – the ‘tool’, the becoming process - matters because we are (re)producing particular forms of life
    • no theory of truth
    • no theory of knowledge distinct from opinion

Inquiry is now radically reconstituted

inquiry as inter action
Inquiry as inter-action
  • inquiry may be constructed as ‘development’
    • constructing ‘solidarities’ (Rorty) & not objectivity
    • local rationalities as praxis, norms, justifications…, having
    • ‘only an ethical base, not an epistemological or metaphysical one’ (Rorty, p24)
constructing power to
Constructing ‘power to’
  • open and appreciative of multiplicity
  • performative
    • not ‘just talk’
  • focuses on how we participate including
  • multiloging
    • who gets to participate and how?
    • how is multiplicity appreciated?
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