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Interactive research in a constructionist perspective. Dian Marie Hosking geocities.com/dian_marie_hosking. science. science = one way of knowing what is “n ormal ” (science) or ‘orthodox’, abnormal or heretical… changes narratives in/of science Naïve realism Constructi vism

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Interactive research in a constructionist perspective

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Interactive research in a constructionist perspective l.jpg

Interactive research in a constructionist perspective

Dian Marie Hosking

geocities.com/dian_marie_hosking


Science l.jpg

science

  • science = one way of knowing

    • what is “normal”(science) or ‘orthodox’, abnormal or heretical…changes

  • narratives in/of science

    • Naïve realism

    • Constructivism

    • Social Constructionism


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Naive realism

  • reality & relations

    • singular, universal, ‘object out there’ &

    • available to be known by separate subject

  • sense data

    • provide knowledge of the world (sense taking)

  • language

    • re-presents this knowledge (the world)

  • research interest

    • knowing ‘the world as it really is’


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constructivism

  • sense dataare thebasis for

    • ‘perception’ …constructivesense making

    • knower combines what it is ‘in the head’ with what is ‘in the world’

  • reality

    • singular, universal, ‘object out there’ &

    • available to be known by separate subject

  • language:re-presents sense-making

  • research interest:

    • knowing ‘the world as it really is’


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Continuing taken-for-granteds

  • reality

    • singular

  • language

    • representative function

  • separate ontologies

    • individual agent, ‘internal’ & ‘external’ worlds

  • interest:

    • one voice (Science) defines…

    • other interests?


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relational constructionism

  • reality:

    • multiple

    • (re)constructed in inter-action

    • co-constructed

      • neither subjective nor objective but

    • relational ontology

  • language:

    • is action, is performative

    • a local-cultural practice or ‘form of life’

  • scientific interests:

    • what & how of reality construction processes


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research as a reality construction process

  • the Received View of Science (RVS)

    • constructs separate ontologies -

    • relations between knower & known i.e.,

    • Subject-Object relations

      this is just one way of constructing relations

  • self & other & relationship

    • can be viewed as ongoing (re)constructions

    • in S-O relations or..?


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Focusing on construction processes

  • de- centers persons & relations between persons

  • centers processes of relating texts:

    • words, pictures, actions, symbols...

    • to other words, pictures, actions, symbols...

  • constructions/relational realities are:

    • multiple &

    • partial/local

  • relating = person & world making

  • ‘becoming realism’


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Interactive inquiry

  • All inquiry is inter-action

  • a relational constructionist thought style offers ways of self & world making through inter-actions that:

    • are open to multiple local realities

    • are provocative (of possibilities)

    • create ‘power to’ go on in different but equal relations

    • are reflexive


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Reflexivity 1

  • in RVS: to minimise bias in knowledge claims

  • revision: making bias visible

  • post modern:

    • S cannot speak for O

    • telling ourselves a story about ourselves (Chia)

    • opening up to multiple constructions &

    • multiple self-other relations that are in ongoing re-construction

      Reflexivity as an epistemological issue


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Reflexivity & relational constructionism

  • an aspect of ‘becoming’, of ontology & so:

    • a feature of the processes of relating

    • part of ongoing research process

  • concerns how are we ‘going on’ together

    • the local realities are we constructing

  • ‘…a case for the end of knowing & the rediscovery of development’ (Newman & Holtzman)


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    Inquiry as development

    • methodology as ‘tool & result’

    • how we do things – the ‘tool’, the becoming process - matters because we are (re)producing particular forms of life

      • no theory of truth

      • no theory of knowledge distinct from opinion

        Inquiry is now radically reconstituted


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    Inquiry as inter-action

    • inquiry may be constructed as ‘development’

      • constructing ‘solidarities’ (Rorty) & not objectivity

      • local rationalities as praxis, norms, justifications…, having

      • ‘only an ethical base, not an epistemological or metaphysical one’ (Rorty, p24)


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    Constructing ‘power to’

    • open and appreciative of multiplicity

    • performative

      • not ‘just talk’

    • focuses on how we participate including

    • multiloging

      • who gets to participate and how?

      • how is multiplicity appreciated?


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