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Context Clues. I DO. What are Context Clues?. A new word or information such as a (definition, synonym, antonym, or example) that appears near a word or phrase and offers suggestions about its meaning Hints that the author gives to help define a difficult or unusual word.

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What are context clues
What are Context Clues?

  • A new word or information such as a (definition, synonym, antonym, or example) that appears near a word or phrase and offers suggestions about its meaning

  • Hints that the author gives to help define a difficult or unusual word.


Types of context clues
Types of Context Clues

  • Synonym- a word with the same meaning is used in a sentence.

    Ex. buy and purchase/ big and large

  • Antonym- a word or group of words that has the opposite meaning reveals the meaning of an unknown term

    Ex. My opponent’s argument is fallacious, misleading –plain wrong

  • Explanation- The unknown word is explained in the sentence or the next sentence

    Ex. Although some men are loquacious, or others hardly talk at all.

  • Example- specific examples are used to define the term

    Ex. Celestial bodies, such as the sun, moon, and stars are governed by predictable laws .


How to use context clues
How to use Context Clues

  • Locate the unfamiliar word

  • Write the word down

  • Write down the paragraph or page number

  • Read before and after the word (read around the word)

  • Write down words that help you find the meaning of the word (context clues)

  • Write down what you think the word means (make predictions)

  • Check to make sure your prediction makes sense (reread to confirm)



Context clue practice
Context Clue Practice

  • Directions: Read the following sentences and define the bolded/underlined word based on the context clue. Then identify which of the four types of clues is used.

  • The girl who used to be very vociferous doesn’t talk much anymore

  • The girl was churlish-rude, sullen, and absolutely ill-manered



Practice time
Practice Time

  • Directions: Read the following sentences or phrases INDEPENDENTLY and define the bolded/underlined word based on the context clue. Then identify which of the four types of clues is used

  • His pertinacity, or stubbornness is the cause of most of his trouble

  • Rather than be involved in clandestine meetings, they did everything quite openly.

  • Ecclesiastics, such as priests, ministers, and pastors, should set models of behaviors for their congregants.


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