Citizens Behind the Science:
Download
1 / 57

Citizens Behind the Science: The Use of Citizen Volunteers in Urban Bird Research - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 83 Views
  • Uploaded on

Citizens Behind the Science: The Use of Citizen Volunteers in Urban Bird Research. William P. Mueller WI Society for Ornithology WI Bird Conservation Initiative Timothy L. Vargo Urban Ecology Center Owen D. Boyle WDNR. An urban bird study - - -.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Citizens Behind the Science: The Use of Citizen Volunteers in Urban Bird Research' - mina


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

Citizens Behind the Science:

The Use of Citizen Volunteers in Urban Bird Research

William P. Mueller

WI Society for Ornithology

WI Bird Conservation Initiative

Timothy L. Vargo

Urban Ecology Center

Owen D. Boyle

WDNR


An urban bird study
An urban bird study - - -

  • Some of the most effective studies of bird species and changes, such as population declines, begin with a discussion of birds in the landscape…




Milwaukee county s parks comprise a fragmented set of habitats for migrating land birds
Milwaukee County’s parks comprise a fragmented set of habitats for migrating land birds…


But these fragmented woodlands can be vital refuges for migrants
habitats for migrating land birds…BUT,these fragmented woodlands can be vital refuges for migrants!


Milwaukee county avian migration monitoring partnership mcammp
Milwaukee County Avian Migration Monitoring Partnership (MCAMMP)

Project Goals:

  • Assess bird use of small habitat patches in an urban matrix

  • Sampling & analysis of differences in vegetation that help to explain #1

  • Determine refueling rate of migrants in variable patch types, and thereby measure habitat quality

  • Train and utilize citizen scientists to accomplish these research goals and establish a long-term Citizen-based monitoring program


Importance of this research
Importance of this research (MCAMMP)

  • Migrants utilize a variety of stopover sites

  • One often-neglected set of sites are in urban areas

  • Urban habitats include parks and natural areas, often characterized by some degree of disturbance

  • This is one of the first studies nationwide to focus on how refueling rate and body condition are affected by quality of urban stopover habitats


Components of the mcammp project
Components of the MCAMMP Project (MCAMMP)

  • GPS mapping of sites

  • Transect counts of species on each site

  • Study design/ site selection

  • Vegetation sampling protocol

  • Mistnetting and banding of migrants and blood sampling of target species

  • Environmental education: students and citizen scientists



Mcammp transects
MCAMMP Transects aerial photos

  • 250 m in length X 40 m in width

  • Data on all species found, weather, time of day and duration of transect, degree of leaf development in canopy

  • 8 study sites in 2006-2007;

    4 additional sites in 2008



Volunteers and the Transects transect counts, including:

  • The Plan:

    • Volunteers seek certification by the Wisconsin Birder Certification Program (Bob Howe, UW-Green Bay)

  • The Reality…


Mcammp vegetation sampling

MCAMMP Vegetation Sampling transect counts, including:


Vegetation sampling questions
Vegetation Sampling: Questions transect counts, including:

  • What are the differences in the vegetation between sites that could explain differential bird use?

    • Plant species composition

    • Vegetation structure

  • How is habitat quality affected by the presence of invasive exotic plant species?


Vegetation data collection
Vegetation Data Collection transect counts, including:

  • What are the differences in the vegetation of sites that could explaindifferential bird use/ refueling rates?

    • identify species

    • relative abundance/ % cover

    • canopy closure

    • bare ground/ leaf litter


Vegetation data collection1
Vegetation Data Collection transect counts, including:

  • How is habitat quality affected by the presence of invasive exotic plant species?

    • abundance of dominant exotics

    • correlation with site use (transect/ banding data) or bird condition (blood analysis)?


Challenges of sampling vegetation
Challenges of sampling vegetation transect counts, including:

with citizen scientists

  • No trails! (buckthorn/ honeysuckle thickets, steep-sided ravines)

  • Longer hours/ field season

  • Random sampling


Benefits of sampling vegetation transect counts, including:

with citizen scientists

  • Data collection assistance

    • data recording

    • plant I.D.

    • estimating percent cover/ canopy closure

    • tree measurements

  • Doubled the number of teams (data collected) per day


MCAMMP Mistnetting and Banding transect counts, including:


Mcammp banding program
MCAMMP banding program transect counts, including:

  • Pilot Year: Two Stations - Riverside & Kletzsch Parks

  • Two teams banding on same day for comparison

  • Blood sampling of 7 target species:

    • Seed-eaters: SCJU & WTSP

    • Frugivores: SWTH & HETH

    • Insectivores: AMRE, YRWA, MYWA


In the first two field seasons, 44 species were banded, with blood samples taken from all 8 target species.


ASSESSING RATES OF FUEL DEPOSITION blood samples taken from all 8 target species.

AND STOPOVER HABITAT QUALITY

FOR MIGRATORY BIRDS

Christopher G. Guglielmo

University of Western Ontario


Circulating lipid metabolites reflect blood samples taken from all 8 target species.

the metabolic state of migrants

METABOLITE FEEDING FASTING

TRIGLYCERIDE

B- OH- BUTYRATE


Metabolite profiles change rapidly after a change in feeding rate in Wilson’s Warblers (Wilsonia pusilla).

**

*

Zajac et al. 2006 JAB 37:405-408


Mcammp blood sampling
MCAMMP: blood sampling rate in Wilson’s Warblers


A very small blood sample, taken from the brachial vein (sample size varies in relation to size of bird)


Blood sampling questions
Blood Sampling: Questions (sample size varies in relation to size of bird)

  • How do migrants fare on small habitat patches in an urban matrix?

  • How effectively can they re-fuel?


The volunteer training process creating an mcammp citizen scientist
The Volunteer Training Process: (sample size varies in relation to size of bird)Creating an MCAMMP Citizen Scientist

  • Volunteer workshop

    • Recruiting: introduction to the project partners, goals, and volunteer opportunities

  • Detailed training in the field

  • On-the-ground experience

  • Opportunities for team building

    • picnics and parties!


Mcammp volunteer and intern effort 2006 2007
MCAMMP Volunteer and Intern (sample size varies in relation to size of bird)Effort (2006-2007)


Vargo et al. ( (sample size varies in relation to size of bird)in press)



Volunteers and visitors are not always students
Volunteers and visitors simply its are not always students…




ad