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Occupational Health & Safety Management Systems: BS 8800/OHSAS 18001 COSHH. MST324 lecture 6. Key legislation. Health and Safety at Work etc, Act 2001 original act 1974 Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 2002

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Occupational health safety management systems bs 8800 ohsas 18001 coshh l.jpg

Occupational Health & Safety Management Systems:BS 8800/OHSAS 18001COSHH

MST324 lecture 6


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Key legislation

  • Health and Safety at Work etc, Act 2001

    • original act 1974

  • Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999

  • Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 2002

    • normally referred to as COSHH


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BS 8800 (National Health Service SAFECODE)

  • http://www.safecode.co.uk/Power%20Point%20Presentations/management/sld004.htm


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BS 8800/OHSAS 18001

  • BS 8800

    • non-certifiable guidance document

    • use when implementing a health and safety system within ISO 14001

  • OHSAS 18001

    • from ANSI (American National Standards Institute)

    • an auditable management system


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BS 8800 (National Health Service SAFECODE)

  • http://www.safecode.co.uk/Power%20Point%20Presentations/management/sld017.htm


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OHSAS 18001

  • OHSAS 18001(Occupational Health and Safety Assessment Series)

    • published in April 1999

    • specifies requirements of a OH&S MS

    • designed to be applicable to

      • all types and sizes of companies

      • diverse geographical, cultural and social conditions.


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OHSAS 18001

  • Certification against OHSASis aimed at the way a company has

    • knowledge of ...

    • and control over ...

      all relevant risks resulting fromnormal operations and abnormal situations.


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OHSAS 18001

  • Growing demand for a management system based standard for OH&S

  • stand alone management system or integrated with either their ISO 14001 or ISO 9001 management system.

  • expect an accreditation scheme will emerge within the next 2 years


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OHSAS 18001

  • OHSAS 18001 structure - six sections:

    • General Requirements

    • OH&S Policy

    • Planning

    • Implementation and Operation

    • Checking and Corrective Action

    • Management Review


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OHSAS 18001

OHSAS (Occupational Health and Safety Assessment Series) 18001

  • OHSAS 18001: Specifications for OH&S Management Systems

  • OHSAS 18002: Guidance for OH&S Management Systems

  • OHSAS 18003: Criteria for auditors of OH&S Management Systems


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OHSAS 18001

  • Traditional occupational health and safety management reacted to work related incidents.

  • OHSAS 18001 plans for the control of work related risks.


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OHSAS 18001

  • H&S costs facing organizations include but are not limited to:

    • investigation time,

    • wages paid for lost time,

    • training replacements,

    • extra supervisory and clerical time,

    • decreased output of worker upon return

    • the loss of business and goodwill


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OHSAS 18001

Benefits of Registration:

  • potential reduction in the number of accidents

  • potential reduction in downtime and associated costs

  • demonstration of legal and regulatory compliance

  • demonstration of commitment to stakeholders

  • demonstration of innovative, forward thinking approach

  • increased access to new customers and business

  • better management of risks, now and in the future

  • potential reduced public liability insurance costs


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Some URLs forBS8800/OHSAS 18001

  • http://www.bvqina.com/ohsas18001.html

  • http://www.nsaiinc.com/ohas.html

  • http://www.isoqar.com/ohsas18001/hsintro.htm

  • http://www.safecode.co.uk/Power%20Point%20Presentations/management/sld001.htm

  • http://www.futurepast.com/h-ssys.htm

  • http://www.arkhealthandsafety.com/html/FCTSHEET.HTM

  • http://www.nqa.com/stand6.htm


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British Standards for Occupational & Personal Safety

Search terms on BSI shop website:

  • Ergonomics

  • Noise with respect to human beings

  • Industrial hygiene

  • Protection against electric shock.

  • Protective equipment

  • Radiation measurements

  • Radiation protection

  • Safety of machinery

  • Vibration and shock


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British Standards for PPE

  • Hand and arm protection

  • Head protective equipment

  • Leg and foot protection

  • Lifejackets, buoyancy aids and flotation

  • Protection against falling and slipping

  • Protective clothing

  • Respiratory protective devices

  • Radiation measurements/protection

  • Safety of machinery

  • Vibration and shock + general/other


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  • Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 1999

  • What are hazardous substances?

    • substances used directly in work activities eg glues, paints, cleaning agents

    • substances generated during work activities eg fumes from soldering and welding

    • naturally occurring substances eg grain dust, blood, bacteria


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  • Health effects are the different ways you can become ill:

    • cancer

    • dermatitis

    • occupational asthma

    • poison

    • reproductive toxicity

      • harm to unborn or breast feeding children, or to fertility


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  • COSHH does cover, e.g.:

    • chemicals or mixtures of substances

    • substances with occupational exposure limits

    • biological agents

    • dusts, in certain concentrations

    • any other substances which have similar hazards to health but for technical reasons may not be specifically covered by CHIP ...


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Chemicals (Hazard Information and Packaging for Supply) Regulations 1994.

  • to ensure that people supplied with chemicals receive the information they need to protect themselves, others and the environment.

  • obliges suppliers to identify the hazards and pass on this information with advice on safe use. This is usually done by means of package labels and safety data sheets.


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CHIP symbolsfromhttp://www.opsi.gov.uk/si/si1994/Uksi_19943247_en_4.htm#end


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  • the presence (or not) of a warning label will indicate whether COSHH is relevant

  • COSHH does not cover:

    • asbestos and lead

    • radioactive substances per se

    • explosive or flammable substances

    • chemicals at high temperature / pressure.

      Other laws apply in these cases


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7 steps to COSHH

  • Step 1Work out what hazardous substances are used in your work place and find out the risks from using these substances to people's health.

  • Step 2Decide what precautions are neededbefore starting work with hazardous substances.


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7 steps to COSHH

  • Step 3Prevent people being exposed to hazardous substances, but where this is not reasonably practicable, control the exposure.

  • Step 4Make sure control measures are used and maintained properly and that safety procedures are followed.


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7 steps to COSHH

  • Step 5If required, monitor exposure of employees to hazardous substances.

  • Step 6Carry out health surveillance where your assessment has shown that this is necessary or COSHH makes specific requirements.

  • Step 7Make sure employees are properly informed, trained and supervised.


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  • Consider:

    • changing the process or activity

      • eg mixing in a closed vessel to minimise vapour

    • replacing it with a safer alternative

      • is the hazardous substance essential

    • using it in a safer form

      • eg pellets are less dusty than powder.

  • and then:

    • use appropriatePersonal Protective Equipment (PPE)


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  • http://www.hse.gov.uk/hthdir/noframes/coshh/

  • http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/indg181.pdf

  • http://www.rsc.org/pdf/ehsc/comprsn.pdf

  • http://www.hseni.gov.uk/pdfs/coshh.pdf

  • http://www.dti.gov.uk/chemicals/atlas/

  • http://www.plantsci.rdg.ac.uk/research-services/COSHH/coshh.html

  • http://www.fastplanonline.co.uk/


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BBC Safety Net on-linehttp://www.bbc-safety.co.uk/default.htm

  • Selection, use, & maintenance of safety equipment including personal protective equipment (February 1997)

    • http://www.bbc-safety.co.uk/guidance/safety_equipment.html

  • Guide to Programme Risk AssessmentProduction, Broadcast & News Safety Services (November, 1999)

    • http://www.bbc-safety.co.uk/guidance/pra.html


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Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS)

  • EC Directive 2002/95/EC

  • restricts use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment

  • legislation affects manufacturers, sellers, distributors and recylers of electrical and electronic equipment


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RoHS ii

  • specific to

    • lead

    • mercury

    • cadmium

    • hexavalent chromium

    • polybrominated  biphenyls

    • polybrominated diphenyl ethers.


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ROHS iii

  • Directive covers the same scope as the WEEE (waste electrical and electronic equipment directive)

  • except for medical devices and monitoring and control instruments.

  • applies to electric light bulbs and light fittings in households.


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  • Registration,Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)


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REACH intends to ...

  • improve the protection ofhuman health and the environment

  • encourage the substitution of hazardous chemicals by safer ones

  • maintain competitiveness andenhance the innovative capability ofthe EU chemicals industry

  • promote research and development leading to new products.


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  • passes responsibility formanagement of risks from chemicals to the industry

  • requires the provision ofappropriate safety information


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  • essential for safe working

  • applicable beyond OH&S

  • quick assessment of relative risks

  • simple methodology, usually

    • Risk factor = probability x severity

    • other forms may be used

      e.g. Yoxon & Sheldon for EMS (last week)


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Fire risk assessment

  • Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005

    • from 01 October 2006, all owners/occupiers of UK business premises have to carry out a Fire Risk Assessment on their buildings


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  • 1 = unlikely

  • 2 = possible

  • 3 = probable


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  • 1 = minor

  • 2 = serious

  • 3 = critical


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Risk factor

  • 1-3 = low risk

  • 4 = medium risk

  • 6 or 9 = high risk

  • NB: the number must be

    • calculated, NOT estimated separately

    • the product of 1, 2 or 3so RF cannot be 5, 7, 8.


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Risk assessment as a Table

One Row / activity with Columns for:

  • Reference number

  • Activity

  • Task

  • Hazards

  • Persons in Danger

  • Probability (P)

  • Severity (S)

  • Risk Factor (R = P*S)

  • Controls in Place or Action to be Taken

  • Additional  Requirements


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Risk assessments for BRL007

  • Table of risks for compositesmanufacturing and associated processes at http://www.tech.plym.ac.uk/sme/MATS324/risk.htm

  • primary importance is relative risk

    • permitting minimisation of problems arising

  • document recommends best practice

    • actions to be taken

    • controls to be in place

    • additional requirements