Occupational Health and Climate Changes. Team Leader Dr A.Muosa MoH Expert Dr Fayez Jariri MoH Expert Dr A.Khader MoH Expert Dr M.Zogol External Expert Dr,Ali Hyari. Introduction. Literature review show the experience of other countries 1. In the region 2. international
Occupational Health and Climate Changes
Team Leader Dr A.Muosa
MoH Expert Dr Fayez Jariri
MoH Expert Dr A.Khader
MoH Expert Dr M.Zogol
External Expert Dr,Ali Hyari
1. In the region
3. At the national level in the other sectors.
It is defined as promotion and maintenance of the highest degree of physical , mental and social well-being of workers in all occupations by preventing departures from health caused by their working conditions ; controlling risks and adaptation of work to people and people to their jobs (according to their physiological and psychological capabilities). (ILO)
Weather is the day to day changing atmospheric conditions.
Climate is the average state of the atmosphere and the underlying land or water in a particular region over specified time-scale.
Climate is what you expect and weather is what you get.
Climate variability is the variation around the mean climate this includes seasonal variation and irregular events such as Elnino.(WHO climate changes and human health 2003)
Climate changes results from both natural and human processes. Emission of green house gases effect human health. It operates over decades or longer, Therefore human induced to the global climate system a set of atmospheric and surface variables such as temperature, precipitation wind , humidity , cloudiness, soil moisture sea surface temperature and the thickness of sea ice. The natural results from hurricanes , volcanoes etc
Climatologists use climatic normal as a basis for comparison for climate during the following decade.(WHO climate change and human health 2003)
The population of all countries exposed to increased health risk from the climate changes impact . The risk will be greater in low income countries because of the current burden of diseases, the health system is relatively weak, their socio-economic status will not help them to implement the adaptation measures to protect themselves and the accessibility to the health services is not adequate.
The questionnaire contains the following
Health out come
Occupational injuries , diseases loss of productivity.
More arid land
Decrease in water use
Decrease air movement
Rise in temperature
Table 1: shows the difference of all variables among workers the highest percentage seen among workers who consider the increase in temperature
Table 5: Shows the compares ion between the construction workers working in temperate climate and those working in hot, all the variables are higher among the workers in the hot climate than the temperate one