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AD HOC WORKING GROUP ON FURTHER COMMITMENTS FOR ANNEX I PARTIES UNDER THE KYOTO PROTOCOL PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Presentation by South Africa to AWG2 Initial views on ‘how to determine further emission limitation and reduction commitments’. AD HOC WORKING GROUP ON FURTHER COMMITMENTS FOR ANNEX I PARTIES UNDER THE KYOTO PROTOCOL In-session workshop at the second session 7 November 2006 Nairobi, Kenya.

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AD HOC WORKING GROUP ON FURTHER COMMITMENTS FOR ANNEX I PARTIES UNDER THE KYOTO PROTOCOL

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Presentation by South Africa to AWG2Initial views on ‘how to determine further emission limitation and reduction commitments’

AD HOC WORKING GROUP ON FURTHER COMMITMENTS FOR ANNEX I PARTIES UNDER THE KYOTO PROTOCOL

In-session workshop at the second session

7 November 2006

Nairobi, Kenya


Scenarios for stabilisation

  • Annex I Parties asked to provide information about “scenarios for the stabilization of atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases and on the implications of these scenarios”.

  • Recurring theme that annual emissions covered are a small share of global emissions

  • Valid observation needs to be put into perspectivecomparing relative contributions in cumulative rather than annual emissions

  • In historical terms and looking forward


Cumulative emissions matter

“The concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere is determined more by cumulative rather than by year-by-year emissions.”

IPCC

Third Assessment Report (TS p. 61)


Annual Emission Data, 2002

Annual CO2 emissions of developing and developed countries

- developed countries emitted 14 058 Mt CO2 (59%)

- developing countries emitted 9 606 Mt CO2 (41%)

Data source: Climate Analysis Indicators Tool (CAIT), WRI, Washington, DC, http://cait.wri.org


Cumulative Emission Data, 1900-2000

Cumulative CO2 emissions

- developed countries emitted 741.3 Gt CO2 (77%)

- developing countries emitted 220.6 Gt CO2 (23%)

Data source: CAIT


Comparing annual emissions …


… to cumulative starting 1950


Article 3.9

  • Has very clear focus

    • “Commitments for subsequent periods for Parties included in Annex I” established by amendments to Annex B

  • What are reasons why this is important?

  • And what information might be needed?


Threats of serious or irreversible damages

  • The reason why we are here

  • If there were lack of ambition  adverse impacts of climate change will affect all, but most particularly LDCs

  • Millions of lives at risk in Africa

  • Need more urgent action

    • conclude the work of the AWG by 2008


Secure carbon markets

  • Carbon markets essential for cost-effective climate action

  • Point Carbon 2006 report – estimated transactions

    • CDM 397 Mt CO2eq

    • EU ETS 362 Mt CO2eq

    • JI 28 Mt CO2eq

  • How has CDM already assisted Annex B Parties in achieving their goals for 1st commitment period

  • No gap to 2nd commitment period


Funding for adaptation

  • CDM share of proceeds flows to Adaptation Fund

  • 2% of 1.9 billion of CERs transacted = € 38 million

  • More than contributions to the Special Climate Change Fund (as of April 2006)

  • And yet still orders of magnitude smaller than what is required


How much do we need to know to take action?

  • Precautionary approach should be applied to the AWG process

  • Lack of full certainty on all issues not a reason for postponing urgent action

  • Possible to draw on what we already know

  • Gather other information within the time-frame set by decision 1/CMP.1

  • Without raising other issues that are not necessary to come to a decision


Updating Annex B

  • SA welcomes tabling of specific numbers by some Annex B Parties and regional economic integration organizations

  • Would like to learn more about the information used to determine quantified emission reductions for subsequent periods

  • Encourage other Parties included in Annex I to do the same, even where there may be uncertainty, provide specific numbers


Thank you


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