Modifiers. Most information from Rude , Carolyn. Technical Editing, 4 th ed. http://www.flickr.com/photos/[email protected]/1333075494. Modifiers are adjectives, adverbs and modifying phrases. The red car. The happy puppy. The quick fox. The feasibility report. The rapidly bouncing ball.
Modifiers “modify” the meaning of the subject, verb, or complement by describing and limiting.
The package arrived from Amazon.com.
We obtained the required papers.
We will try to complete the diagnostic today.
The technician taking readings discovered a fault.
H20, pure water, is good to drink.
A “phrase” never contains both subject and verb. A group with both is a “clause.”
“Modifiers should come, if possible, next to the words they modify. If several expressions modify the same word, they should be arranged so that no wrong relation is suggested.”
When fried, I like okra.
This summer, I stood knee-deep in the river and caught a fish without waders.
Strunk, W. Jr., & White, E. B. (2000). The Elements of Style, 50th Anniversary ed. New York: Pearson/Longman
Examples from http://jpicforum.info/articles-database/misplaced-modifiers-5037.html
Changing the oil, a worn radiator hose was discovered.
A worn radiator hose was discovered changing the oil.
The mechanic discovered a worn radiator hose while changing the oil.