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Civil Law. Two Kinds of Civil Cases. Negligence Suit- filed when someone’s carelessness is the reason for another person to be: injured, killed, or property to be damaged -Outcome is damages (money). Two Kinds of Civil Cases. Suit in Equity- no existing law exists to help decide the case

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Two kinds of civil cases
Two Kinds of Civil Cases

  • Negligence Suit- filed when someone’s carelessness is the reason for another person to be: injured, killed, or property to be damaged

  • -Outcome is damages (money)


Two kinds of civil cases1
Two Kinds of Civil Cases

  • Suit in Equity-

  • no existing law exists to help decide the case

  • disputes are resolved on the grounds of fairness

  • injunctions may be used

  • a judge makes the ruling


Types of civil cases
Types of Civil Cases

  • Personal Injury- plane crashed, car wrecks

  • Property- damage to your property

  • Consumer- legal agreements between buyers and sellers

  • Housing- agreements between landlords and tenants (renters)

  • Domestic Relations- family relationships not involving a family death

  • Probate- how to divide up the property of a deceased person



Criminal law1
Criminal Law

  • Criminal law – purpose – to protect society as a whole


Criminal law2
Criminal Law

  • What is crime?

  • Crime – action that is illegal because the government considers it harmful to society


Criminal law3
Criminal Law

  • Who determines what is crime?

  • Nationally – Congress

  • Statewide – General Assembly

  • Locally – City Councils and County Commissioners


Criminal law4
Criminal Law

  • A collection of laws is called a penal code

  • each contains different degrees of seriousness for crimes

  • Example: First degree murder – premeditated

  • Second degree murder – intent to kill but it is not planned out

  • Manslaughter – killing someone by accident or without meaning to


Two degrees of crime
Two Degrees of Crime

  • Misdemeanor – crime for which the penalty is less than 1 year in jail

  • Felony – crime for which the penalty is more than 1 year in jail


Penalties
Penalties

  • Purpose of penalties:

  • Punishment

  • Protection

  • Deterrence

  • Rehabilitation


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