Assessment of Abdomen. Large cavity extending from diaphragm to pelvis Vertebral column & paravertebral muscles along the back Lower rib cage & abdominal muscles in front 4 layers of large flat muscles joined midline by linea alba. Viscera.
Assessment of Abdomen
12th rib forms an angle with the vertebral column called the costovertebral angle. Kidneys lie here at 11th & 12th ribs.
Right kidney sometimes palpable b/c it lies 1-2cm lower than the left (liver on the right).
Assessment of Breast
During embryonic life, milk lines curve from the axilla to the groin bilaterally.
The rest of the ridge usually atrophies.
Occasionally a supernumerary nipple persists along the track of the mammary ridge.
(Canadian Cancer Society, 2008)