analysis of diagnostic essay the deductive argument
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Analysis of Diagnostic Essay: The Deductive Argument. English 102 Argumentation. The Language of Argument. utterance sentence proposition premise conclusion argument. Utterance: a meaningful or non-meaningful verbal expression. La de da! I don’t care what you say. The sky is green.

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the language of argument
The Language of Argument
  • utterance
  • sentence
  • proposition
  • premise
  • conclusion
  • argument
utterance a meaningful or non meaningful verbal expression
Utterance: a meaningful or non-meaningful verbal expression
  • La de da!
  • I don’t care what you say.
  • The sky is green.
sentence a meaningful utterance that has a subject and a predicate
Sentence: a meaningful utterance that has a subject and a predicate
  • We /don’t have to agree with our teammates about everything in order to work together effectively.
proposition a true or false statement about the world
Proposition: a true or false statement about the world
  • All students can write outstanding papers in four languages.
  • Human beings are not perfect.
argument at least one premise accompanied by a conclusion
Argument: at least one premise accompanied by a conclusion
  • Human beings are not perfect.
  • Horace is a human being.
  • Therefore, Horace is not perfect.
premise a proposition that is used as evidence for a claim conclusion
Premise: a proposition that is used as evidence for a claim (conclusion)
  • Human beings are not perfect.
  • Horace is a human being.
slide8

Major Premise: offers a generalization about a large group or class that has been arrived at through inductive reasoning or observation of particulars

  • Human beings are not perfect.
minor premise makes a statement about a member of that group or class
Minor Premise: makes a statement about a member of that group or class
  • Horace is a human being.
conclusion claim a proposition that is derived from at least one premise
Conclusion (claim): a proposition that is derived from at least one premise
  • Therefore, Horace is not perfect.
valid argument the conclusion follows from the premises whether or not the premises are true
Valid Argument: The conclusion follows from the premises whether or not the premises are true
  • All students can write outstanding papers in four languages. (T or F?)
  • Horace is a student. (T)
  • Therefore, Horace can write outstanding papers in four languages.(Valid or invalid?)
slide12
Sound Argument: an argument in which all premises are true and the conclusion follows from the premises
  • Human beings are not perfect. (T)
  • Horace is a human being. (T)
  • Therefore, Horace is not perfect. (valid and sound)
slide13
Warrant: a general principle or assumption that establishes a connection between the support and the claim
  • Substantive: based on beliefs about the reliability of factual evidence
  • motivational: based on the values of the arguer and the audience
  • authoritative: based on the credibility of the sources
in support of mercy killing
In Support of Mercy Killing
  • Major Premise (motivational warrant): People have a basic right to choose.
  • Minor Premise (support): Terminally ill and suffering patients are people.
  • Conclusion (claim): Terminally ill and suffering patients have the right to choose mercy killing.
implied argument in the introductory anecdote
Implied Argument (in the introductory anecdote)
  • Major Premise (warrant): When dealing with a terminally ill patient who is suffering terribly, the most humane course of action is desirable.
  • Minor Premise (support): Mercy killing is more humane than prolonging suffering when dealing with a terminally ill patient who is suffering terribly.
  • Conclusion (claim): Mercy killing should be allowed when it is the most humane course of action for a terminally ill and suffering patient.
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