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CHAPTER 23. East Africa. Section 1: Natural Environments Section 2: History and Culture Section 3: The Region Today. SECTION 1. Natural Environments. Question: What landforms, rivers and lakes are found in East Africa?. SECTION 1. Natural Environments. Lakes. • Lake Malawi (tectonic)

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Section 1: Natural Environments Section 2: History and Culture Section 3: The Region Today

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Section 1 natural environments section 2 history and culture section 3 the region today

CHAPTER 23

East Africa

Section 1:Natural Environments

Section 2:History and Culture

Section 3:The Region Today


Section 1 natural environments section 2 history and culture section 3 the region today

SECTION 1

Natural Environments

Question:

What landforms, rivers and lakes are found in East Africa?


Section 1 natural environments section 2 history and culture section 3 the region today

SECTION 1

Natural Environments

Lakes

• Lake Malawi (tectonic)

• Lake Tanganyika (tectonic)

• Lake Victoria (depression on plateau)

• Lake Albert (depression on plateau)

• Lake Turkana (tectonic)

Rivers

Landforms

• Blue Nile (flows from Ethiopian highlands)

• White Nile (flows from Lake Victoria)

• Nile (combined flows of Blue and White Nile)

• Great Rift Valley (tectonic)

• Kilimanjaro (volcanic)

• Ethiopian highlands (volcanic)

• Sudd (water from White Nile)


What physical process created the rift valleys of east africa

What physical process created the rift valleys of East Africa?

  • Tectonic processes caused the land to lift and crack

rift valley elongated depression, trough, or graben in the earth's crust, bounded on both sides by normal faults and occurring on the continents or under the oceans.


Section 1 natural environments section 2 history and culture section 3 the region today

SECTION 2

History and Culture

Question:

Who are the important peoples in East Africa’s early history?


Section 1 natural environments section 2 history and culture section 3 the region today

SECTION 2

Earliest Peoples

Kush

Aksum

Arabs

• no written histories

• oral tradition

• controlled much of the Nile

• capital at Meroë, world’s largest cluster of pyramids

• conquered the Kush

• controlled western Arabia

• adopted Christianity

• sailed along coast, established ports for trade

• Swahili developed from trade

History and Culture

Early History of East Africa


Kingdom of kush

Kingdom of Kush

  • controlled much of the Nile

  • capital at Meroë, world’s largest cluster of pyramids


Aksum kingdom

Aksum kingdom

  • conquered the Kush

  • • controlled western Arabia

  • adopted Christianity


Arabs conquered

Arabs Conquered

  • Arabs sailed along coast, established ports for trade

  • Swahili developed from trade

  • Cash crops start being cultivated and sold at these ports.

  • Ex: coffee, cotton and sisal (strong durable plant-used to make rope)


Section 1 natural environments section 2 history and culture section 3 the region today

SECTION 2

Earliest Peoples

Kush

Aksum

Arabs

• no written histories

• oral tradition

• controlled much of the Nile

• capital at Meroë, world’s largest cluster of pyramids

• conquered the Kush

• controlled western Arabia

• adopted Christianity

• sailed along coast, established ports for trade

• Swahili developed from trade

History and Culture

Early History of East Africa


Section 1 natural environments section 2 history and culture section 3 the region today

SECTION 3

The Region Today

Question:

What are the region’s largest cities?


Addis ababa ethiopia

Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

  • Headquarters of regional organizations


Nairobi kenya

Nairobi, Kenya

Region’s most important commercial center


Dar es salaam tanzania

Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

vital seaport, transportation hub


Khartoum and omdurman sudan

Khartoum and Omdurman, Sudan

largest cities in Sudan, face each other across Nile


Section 1 natural environments section 2 history and culture section 3 the region today

SECTION 3

City

Description

The Region Today

largest city and capital of Ethiopia, headquarters of regional organizations

Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Nairobi, Kenya

region’s most important commercial center

Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

vital seaport, transportation hub

Khartoum and Omdurman, Sudan

largest cities in Sudan, face each other across Nile


Section 1 natural environments section 2 history and culture section 3 the region today

CHAPTER 23

Chapter Wrap-Up

  • How does elevation affect climate in East Africa?

  • Higher elevation will allow for cool, humid air.

  • 2. What are two ways that Arab traders influenced East African languages and religion?

  • Arab traders traded along the ports and the African language Swahili grammar came about. The Swahili language is a mix of African and Arabic languages. Islam was spread throughout the region

Turn to pg 522-525 in your book to answer question 3-5.


Section 1 natural environments section 2 history and culture section 3 the region today

3. How have other cultures changed the traditional religions and diet of East Africa

4. What activities form the basis of the region’s economy?

5. Why does tourism hold great economic potential


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