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Guitar equipment, Part 2/2. 2/20/13 MUS1472 Brendan Lake. Overview. Pedals Cables Microphones Things everyone should have ONLY SLIDES IN BLUE WILL HAVE INFORMATION ON THE MIDTERM. Electronic Pedals. Units that alter the signal going from the guitar into the amplifier. Video Demo:.

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Guitar equipment part 2 2

Guitar equipment, Part 2/2

2/20/13

MUS1472

Brendan Lake


Overview
Overview

  • Pedals

  • Cables

  • Microphones

  • Things everyone should have

  • ONLY SLIDES IN BLUE WILL HAVE INFORMATION ON THE MIDTERM


Electronic pedals
Electronic Pedals

  • Units that alter the signal going from the guitar into the amplifier


Video demo
Video Demo:

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H43qtMmgeVU

  • Overdrive/Distortion: adds distortion/”fuzz” to the sound

  • Chorus: Thickens your sound by reproducing the signal slightly off, several times over

  • Wah: varies the timbre from muffled to bright, imitating a vocalist widening and closing their mouth

  • Digital Delay: creates an echo effect

  • Loop: allows you to record music and play back in a repeating loop


Cables
Cables

  • Two main types of connection: XLR and TRS

    • XLR: microphones (primarily)

    • TRS: Guitar and speaker cables (both use ¼”)

      • TRS = Tip/Ring/Sleeve, also used in 3.5mm headphones


Guitar cables vs speaker cables
Guitar cables vs. Speaker cables

  • Both use ¼” TRS, but should not be mixed up

  • Guitar cables: connect your guitar to the amplifier, to/from pedals, to/from a mixer

  • Speaker cables: from the mixer/power amp outputting into loudspeakers/cabinets (for instance, in a half stack from the head to the cabinet)


Cable mix ups
Cable mix-ups

  • Guitar cables handle very low current signals and are shielded to maintain clarity

  • Speaker cables carry power and large currents

  • Using a guitar cable where a speaker cable should be can melt some cable components and will pose a risk to your amp

  • Using a speaker cable instead of a guitar cable is less harmful, but you’ll get buzzing from the lack of shielding


Microphones
Microphones

  • Terms/things to know

    • Dynamic Mic: basic microphone, cheaper, good for low level musical performances and public speaking

    • Condenser Mic: fancier, more expensive, more sensitive, quicker response, requires “phantom power” (electricity flowing to/from the mic to assist with signal clarity)


  • More terms:

    • Omnidirectional – collects sound from all directions

    • Cardioid – standard uni-directional, collects sound from one direction (with a little pickup from behind the mic)

      • Hyper-Cardioid – Tighter areas of sound collection

      • Super-Cardioid – Tightest area of sound collection


Things every serious guitarist should have
Things every serious guitarist should have

  • Capo – to quickly change keys

  • String winder/cutter – to assist in changing strings

  • Microfiber cloth and a good guitar polish

  • Good tuner, preferably a contact-tuner

  • Metronome (also available online)

  • Back-up cables (for electric guitarists)

  • Humidifier (for acoustic guitarists)

  • Depending on your preferred style, this list will obviously vary



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