Memory. The encoding, storage and retrieval of information. . Parts of Memory. Encoding Storage Retrieval. Stages of Memory. Sensory Short Term Long Term. Sensory Memory. Shortest in duration 2-3 seconds visual, auditory, taste, smell. Short Term Memory-STM.
The encoding, storage and retrieval of information.
Shortest in duration
visual, auditory, taste, smell
also known as Working Memory
duration about 18-20 seconds
7 plus or minus 2 units of information
Visual Memory- about 1 second
Auditory Memory-longer than visual
Attention-unusual, sudden, dramatic
Recognition-experienced before, relevant
*if I say the word ELEPHANT do you see the word or an image of an elephant?
Can convert STM to LTM
Rehearsal-repeating to remember
Elaboration-adding meaning or
connecting to something else
Breaking up a large piece of information in to smaller bits to make it easier to remember:
Social Security Number
Methods by which a person can train themselves to remember large amounts of information. Most involve a form of elaboration or attaching meaning to the information.
The names of the Great Lakes HOMES
Huron, Ontario, Michigan, Erie, Superior
Order of color coding on electronic resistors:
Bad Beer Rots Our Young Guts But Vodka Goes Well (in) Silver Goblets.
(Black, Blue, Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Brown, Violet, Gray, White, Silver, Gold)
Explicit or Declarative Memory
You can explain something in words easily.
“How you solve for the area of a square.”
Implicit or Procedural Memory
You remember it but it is hard to describe. Difficult to put into words. “How you do a lay-up in Basket Ball.”
Acoustic sentences, sounds, songs.
Visual images. Cognitive maps
Semantic facts, concepts, principals
Episodic memories of events
Recall: Searching for information
Recognition: Knowing that you have encountered something before. Fastest form of memory retrieval
Decay: Lack of retrieval overtime, memory may fade.
Interference: Old information is replaced by new information.
Temporary of permanent inability to remember.
Substance Abuse-Alcohol, THC
Psychogenic-trauma, emotional shock
Types of Amnesia
Retro-grade- Can’t form new memories.
Anterograde-Can’t access old memories