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TEST 12 REVIEW. Mrs. Chustz—Biology II The Circulatory System. A) increased circulation to the heart B) larger muscles C) a narrowing of the inner walls of the coronary arteries due to buildup of fatty materials.

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Test 12 review

TEST 12 REVIEW

Mrs. Chustz—Biology II

The Circulatory System


Atherosclerosis is characterized by

  • A) increased circulation to the heart

  • B) larger muscles

  • C) a narrowing of the inner walls of the coronary arteries due to buildup of fatty materials.

  • D) a widening of inner walls of blood vessels as a result of a heart attack.

Atherosclerosis is characterized by:


Atherosclerosis is characterized by1

  • A) increased circulation to the heart

  • B) larger muscles

  • C) a narrowing of the inner walls of the coronary arteries due to buildup of fatty materials.

  • D) a widening of inner walls of blood vessels as a result of a heart attack.

Atherosclerosis is characterized by:


The pressure exerted on the inner walls of the arteries when the heart relaxes between beats is the

The pressure exerted on the inner walls of the arteries when the heart relaxes between beats is the____________.


The pressure exerted on the inner walls of the arteries when the heart relaxes between beats is the1

The pressure exerted on the inner walls of the arteries when the heart relaxes between beats is the____________.


The force exerted against the arterial walls when the heart contracts is called

The force exerted against the arterial walls when the heart contracts is called:


The force exerted against the arterial walls when the heart contracts is called1

  • A) systolic pressure

  • B) diastolic pressure

  • C) arterial relaxation

  • D) hypertension

The force exerted against the arterial walls when the heart contracts is called:


The smallest and most abundant blood vessels in the body are the

The smallest and most abundant blood vessels in the body are the:


The smallest and most abundant blood vessels in the body are the1

  • A) capillaries

  • B) arterioles

  • C) veins

  • D) venules

The smallest and most abundant blood vessels in the body are the:


The left and the right sides of the heart are divided by the

The left and the right sides of the heart are divided by the________.


The left and the right sides of the heart are divided by the1

The left and the right sides of the heart are divided by the________.


The distal pointed end of the heart is called the

The distal pointed end of the heart is called the:


The distal pointed end of the heart is called the1

The distal pointed end of the heart is called the:


What is the formula to calculate cardiac output

What is the formula to calculate cardiac output?



The vein is stronger and more elastic than the artery

The vein is stronger and more elastic than the artery.


The vein is stronger and more elastic than the artery1

The vein is stronger and more elastic than the artery.


Oxygenated blood from the lungs is received by the

Oxygenated blood from the lungs is received by the_____________.


Oxygenated blood from the lungs is received by the1

Oxygenated blood from the lungs is received by the_____________.


Oxygenated blood from the lungs is received by the2

Oxygenated blood from the lungs is received by the_____________.


The_________system transports oxygen, carbon dioxide, food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.


The circulatory system transports oxygen, carbon dioxide, food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.


The term used to describe an abnormal heart rate is

  • A) food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.arrhythmia

  • B) murmur

  • C) endocardia

  • D) cardiac abnormality

The term used to describe an abnormal heart rate is:


The term used to describe an abnormal heart rate is1

  • A) food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.arrhythmia

  • B) murmur

  • C) endocardia

  • D) cardiac abnormality

The term used to describe an abnormal heart rate is:


Electrical impulses in the heart are relayed to the ventricles by the

  • A) SA node food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.

  • B) Perkinje fibers

  • C) AV node

  • D) atriums

Electrical impulses in the heart are relayed to the ventricles by the:


Electrical impulses in the heart are relayed to the ventricles by the1

  • A) SA node food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.

  • B) Perkinje fibers

  • C) AV node

  • D) atriums

Electrical impulses in the heart are relayed to the ventricles by the:


Oxygenated or deoxygenated

  • A) blood present in the aorta food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.

  • B) blood present in the pulmonary veins

  • C) blood present in the left atrium

  • D) blood present in the left ventricle

Oxygenated or deoxygenated?


Oxygenated or deoxygenated1

  • A) blood present in the aorta food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.

  • B) blood present in the pulmonary veins

  • C) blood present in the left atrium

  • D) blood present in the left ventricle

Oxygenatedor deoxygenated?


A young adult with a normal blood pressure

  • 200/100 food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.

  • 120/80

  • 80/40

  • None of the above

A young adult with a normal blood pressure:


A young adult with a normal blood pressure1

  • 200/100 food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.

  • 120/80

  • 80/40

  • None of the above

A young adult with a normal blood pressure:


A young adult with a low blood pressure

  • 200/100 food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.

  • 120/80

  • 80/40

  • None of the above

A young adult with a low blood pressure:


A young adult with a low blood pressure1

  • 200/100 food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.

  • 120/80

  • 80/40

  • None of the above

A young adult with a low blood pressure:


The flow of blood from the heart to all parts of the body except the lungs is called circulation

  • Pulmonary food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.

  • Systemic

  • Coronary

  • Intrinsic

The flow of blood from the heart to all parts of the body except the lungs is called______________circulation.


The flow of blood from the heart to all parts of the body except the lungs is called circulation1

  • Pulmonary food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.

  • Systemic

  • Coronary

  • Intrinsic

The flow of blood from the heart to all parts of the body except the lungs is called______________circulation.


How big is the human heart

  • Short answer: food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.

How big is the human heart?


How big is the human heart1

  • Short answer: food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.About the size of the human fist

How big is the human heart?


Why would someone s pulse increase while smoking a cigarette

  • Question: food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.

Why would someone’s pulse increase while smoking a cigarette?


Why would someone s pulse increase while smoking a cigarette1

  • Answer: food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.Nicotine causes blood vessels to constrict, therefore raising the blood pressure and resulting in the heart having to pump harder and faster to move the blood through the body.

Why would someone’s pulse increase while smoking a cigarette?


A young adult with a blood pressure of 200 100 would be classified as having

  • A) hypertension food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.

  • B) bradycardia

  • C) high blood pressure

  • D) both a and c

A young adult with a blood pressure of 200/100 would be classified as having:


A young adult with a blood pressure of 200 100 would be classified as having1

  • A) hypertension food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.

  • B) bradycardia

  • C) high blood pressure

  • D) both a and c

A young adult with a blood pressure of 200/100 would be classified as having:


Oxygenated or deoxygenated2

  • A) food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.blood present in the right ventricle

  • B) blood present in the right atrium

  • C) blood present in the pulmonary artery

Oxygenated or deoxygenated?


Oxygenated or deoxygenated3

  • A) food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.blood present in the right ventricle

  • B) blood present in the right atrium

  • C) blood present in the pulmonary artery

Oxygenated or deoxygenated?


A person with a blocked coronary blood vessel may be helped by

  • A) drugs that dissolve the clot food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.

  • B) replacing the vessel with one from another part of the body

  • C) decreasing the amount of cholesterol in the diet

  • D) receiving a heart transplant

  • E) all of the above

A person with a blocked coronary blood vessel may be helped by:


A person with a blocked coronary blood vessel may be helped by1

  • A) drugs that dissolve the clot food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.

  • B) replacing the vessel with one from another part of the body

  • C) decreasing the amount of cholesterol in the diet

  • D) receiving a heart transplant

  • E) all of the above

A person with a blocked coronary blood vessel may be helped by:


Arteries that are too narrow for easy blood flow may result in

  • A) poor circulation food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.

  • B) hypertension

  • C) low blood pressure

  • D) veins taking over the job

Arteries that are too narrow for easy blood flow may result in:


Arteries that are too narrow for easy blood flow may result in1

  • A) poor circulation food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.

  • B) hypertension

  • C) low blood pressure

  • D) veins taking over the job

Arteries that are too narrow for easy blood flow may result in:


The bottom number of a blood pressure reading is called the

  • A) systolic pressure food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.

  • B) diastolic pressure

  • C) systemic pressure

  • D) pulmonary pressure

The bottom number of a blood pressure reading is called the:


The bottom number of a blood pressure reading is called the1

  • A) systolic pressure food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.

  • B) diastolic pressure

  • C) systemic pressure

  • D) pulmonary pressure

The bottom number of a blood pressure reading is called the:


Which number indicates the mitral valve
Which number indicates the mitral valve? food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.


Which number indicates the mitral valve 3
Which number indicates the mitral valve? food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.3


Which number indicates the tricuspid valve
Which number indicates the tricuspid valve? food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.


Which number indicates the tricuspid valve 2
Which number indicates the tricuspid valve? food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.2


Which number indicates the pulmonary valve
Which number indicates the pulmonary valve? food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.


Which number indicates the pulmonary valve 1
Which number indicates the pulmonary valve? food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.1


Which number indicates the aortic valve
Which number indicates the aortic valve? food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.


Which number indicates the aortic valve 4
Which number indicates the aortic valve? food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.4


Which number indicates the apex of the heart
Which number indicates the apex of the heart? food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.


Which number indicates the apex of the heart 5
Which number indicates the apex of the heart? food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.5


What are some factors that affect blood pressure
What are some factors that affect blood pressure? food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.


What are some factors that affect blood pressure1

  • Cardiac output food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.

  • Blood volume

  • Blood viscosity

  • Peripheral resistance

What are some factors that affect blood pressure?


A n is a recording of the electrical changes during a cardiac cycle

  • A) food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.EEG

  • B) ECG

  • C) PET

  • D) OMG

A(n)___________is a recording of the electrical changes during a cardiac cycle.


A n is a recording of the electrical changes during a cardiac cycle1

  • A) food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.EEG

  • B) ECG

  • C) PET

  • D) OMG

A(n)___________is a recording of the electrical changes during a cardiac cycle.


The structure labeled number 1 is
The structure labeled number 1 is: food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.


The structure labeled number 1 is sa node
The structure labeled number 1 is: food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.SA node


The structure labeled number 2 is
The structure labeled number 2 is: food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.


The structure labeled number 2 is av node
The structure labeled number 2 is: food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.AV node


The picture above represents the event leading up to a t wave b p wave c qrs complex
The picture above represents the event leading up to: food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.A) T waveB) P wave C) QRS complex


The picture above represents the event leading up to a t wave b p wave c qrs complex1
The picture above represents the event leading up to: food, hormones, and other materials to and from the cells of the body.A) T waveB) P wave C) QRS complex



This device is commonly used to treat life threatening cardiac arrhythmias defibrillator
This device is commonly used to treat life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias. Defibrillator


_____ ______can occur if blood does not flow properly through the veins. This can occur if a person does not move enough.


_____ ______can occur if blood does not flow properly through the veins. This can occur if a person does not move enough.


When valves do not close completely, a harmless sound can occur. This can also occur if there is a hole in the septum of the heart.


When valves do not close completely, a harmless sound can occur. This can also occur if there is a hole in the septum of the heart. HEART MURMUR


Another name for a heart attack is

  • Mitral valve prolapse occur. This can also occur if there is a hole in the septum of the heart.

  • Heart murmur

  • Angioplasty

  • Myocardial infarction

Another name for a heart attack is:


Another name for a heart attack is1

  • Mitral valve prolapse occur. This can also occur if there is a hole in the septum of the heart.

  • Heart murmur

  • Angioplasty

  • Myocardial infarction

Another name for a heart attack is:


Describe how the pumping action of the heart would be affected if it had no valves

  • Question: occur. This can also occur if there is a hole in the septum of the heart.

Describe how the pumping action of the heart would be affected if it had no valves.


Describe how the pumping action of the heart would be affected if it had no valves1

  • Answer: occur. This can also occur if there is a hole in the septum of the heart. The heart would not be able to move blood in any specific direction. Blood would, therefore, not circulate throughout the body.

Describe how the pumping action of the heart would be affected if it had no valves.


How can you tell that you have a closed circulatory system

  • Question: occur. This can also occur if there is a hole in the septum of the heart.

How can you tell that you have a closed circulatory system?


How can you tell that you have a closed circulatory system1

  • Answer: occur. This can also occur if there is a hole in the septum of the heart. We can see blood vessels under our skin, feel our pulse, and if we cut ourselves we will not bleed out completely. This is suggestive of a closed circulatory system.

How can you tell that you have a closed circulatory system?


Do arteries carry oxygenated blood or deoxygenated blood

  • Question: occur. This can also occur if there is a hole in the septum of the heart.

Do arteries carry oxygenated blood or deoxygenated blood?


Do arteries carry oxygenated blood or deoxygenated blood1

  • Answer: occur. This can also occur if there is a hole in the septum of the heart. An artery is a blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart. Most arteries carry oxygenated blood from the heart to the rest of the body, but some arteries—the pulmonary arteries, which carry blood from the heart to the lungs—carry deoxygenated blood that has been returned to the heart from the rest of the body.

Do arteries carry oxygenated blood or deoxygenated blood?


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