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Telecommunications for Refugees Relief Operations. UNHCR. is mandated by the United Nations to lead and coordinate international action for the world-wide protection of refugees and the resolution of refugee problems. UNHCR. Created in December 1950 Now helps:

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Telecommunications for refugees relief operations

Telecommunications for Refugees Relief Operations

ITU-T Workshop on Telecommunications for Disaster Relief, Geneva, 17 Feb. 2002


Unhcr
UNHCR

is mandated by the United Nations to lead and coordinate international action for the world-wide protection of refugees and the resolution of refugee problems.

ITU-T Workshop on Telecommunications for Disaster Relief, Geneva, 17 Feb. 2002


Unhcr1
UNHCR

  • Created in December 1950

  • Now helps:

    • nearly 19.8 million persons of concern, 12 millions of these are refugees

    • in more than 140 countries, 33 % in Africa

    • 244 offices in 118 countries including HQs in Geneva

    • 80% of our 5 528 staff members work in the Field

  • Executive Committee of 53 member countries

  • In 2002, UNHCR worked with 694 NGOs implementing partners, 393 of these were national NGOs

ITU-T Workshop on Telecommunications for Disaster Relief, Geneva, 17 Feb. 2002


Unhcr2
UNHCR

  • Global financial requirements

    • from 1985: $ 445 million

    • to 2003: $ 1 billion

  • All but a small fraction of UNHCR’s budget comes from voluntary contributions

    • UN contribution totals $ 20 million only

    • UNHCR activities depend principally on donations

ITU-T Workshop on Telecommunications for Disaster Relief, Geneva, 17 Feb. 2002


UNHCR Telecommunications

  • Provides means of communications for UNHCR staff and implementing partners

    • for staff safety, operation co-ordination and administration within the Field and between Field and HQs

    • both for routine and during emergency operations where no telecommunications infrastructure is available

ITU-T Workshop on Telecommunications for Disaster Relief, Geneva, 17 Feb. 2002


Unhcr telecommunications
UNHCR Telecommunications

UNHCR has established networks using:

  • HF Voice & Data

  • VHF Voice & Data

  • Satellite terminals Voice, Fax & Data

  • VSAT Voice, Fax & Data

  • SITA Data

ITU-T Workshop on Telecommunications for Disaster Relief, Geneva, 17 Feb. 2002


DAMA Gateway

BO

TELEPHONE CONNECTIVITY

Rural Telephone

SO

FO

Wireless Local Loop

HQs

Public Telephone Network

Leased line

ITU-T Workshop on Telecommunications for Disaster Relief, Geneva, 17 Feb. 2002


NATURAL DISASTER

GSM or other wireless PSTN

Affected area

ITU-T Workshop on Telecommunications for Disaster Relief, Geneva, 17 Feb. 2002


X

X

X

X

MAN MADE DISASTER

Poorly served border region

  • Affected country with:

  • Devastated telecommunications Infrastructure

  • Possibly poor security

Former Yugoslavia

Kosovo

East Timor

Afghanistan

Poorly served border region

ITU-T Workshop on Telecommunications for Disaster Relief, Geneva, 17 Feb. 2002


Options pros cons

1 - HF Radio

Low cost

Stand alone

Low data rate

Skill required

2 - Public satellite services

Inexpensive to buy

Portable

Expensive to use

Asset Management

3 - GSM drop in with satellite backhaul

Good voice service

Very expensive

Wrong technology

Poor data capability

4 - Wireless TCP/IP w/VSAT back haul

VoIP ?

Low cost

Consumer WiFi

Options Pros Cons

ITU-T Workshop on Telecommunications for Disaster Relief, Geneva, 17 Feb. 2002


Thank You

Jay Rushby

Head, Telecom

UNHCR

+41 22 739 84 84

[email protected]

ITU-T Workshop on Telecommunications for Disaster Relief, Geneva, 17 Feb. 2002



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