Telecommunications for refugees relief operations
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Telecommunications for Refugees Relief Operations. UNHCR. is mandated by the United Nations to lead and coordinate international action for the world-wide protection of refugees and the resolution of refugee problems. UNHCR. Created in December 1950 Now helps:

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Telecommunications for Refugees Relief Operations

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Telecommunications for refugees relief operations

Telecommunications for Refugees Relief Operations

ITU-T Workshop on Telecommunications for Disaster Relief, Geneva, 17 Feb. 2002


Unhcr

UNHCR

is mandated by the United Nations to lead and coordinate international action for the world-wide protection of refugees and the resolution of refugee problems.

ITU-T Workshop on Telecommunications for Disaster Relief, Geneva, 17 Feb. 2002


Unhcr1

UNHCR

  • Created in December 1950

  • Now helps:

    • nearly 19.8 million persons of concern, 12 millions of these are refugees

    • in more than 140 countries, 33 % in Africa

    • 244 offices in 118 countries including HQs in Geneva

    • 80% of our 5 528 staff members work in the Field

  • Executive Committee of 53 member countries

  • In 2002, UNHCR worked with 694 NGOs implementing partners, 393 of these were national NGOs

ITU-T Workshop on Telecommunications for Disaster Relief, Geneva, 17 Feb. 2002


Unhcr2

UNHCR

  • Global financial requirements

    • from 1985: $ 445 million

    • to 2003: $ 1 billion

  • All but a small fraction of UNHCR’s budget comes from voluntary contributions

    • UN contribution totals $ 20 million only

    • UNHCR activities depend principally on donations

ITU-T Workshop on Telecommunications for Disaster Relief, Geneva, 17 Feb. 2002


Telecommunications for refugees relief operations

UNHCR Telecommunications

  • Provides means of communications for UNHCR staff and implementing partners

    • for staff safety, operation co-ordination and administration within the Field and between Field and HQs

    • both for routine and during emergency operations where no telecommunications infrastructure is available

ITU-T Workshop on Telecommunications for Disaster Relief, Geneva, 17 Feb. 2002


Unhcr telecommunications

UNHCR Telecommunications

UNHCR has established networks using:

  • HF Voice & Data

  • VHF Voice & Data

  • Satellite terminalsVoice, Fax & Data

  • VSATVoice, Fax & Data

  • SITAData

ITU-T Workshop on Telecommunications for Disaster Relief, Geneva, 17 Feb. 2002


Telecommunications for refugees relief operations

DAMA Gateway

BO

TELEPHONE CONNECTIVITY

Rural Telephone

SO

FO

Wireless Local Loop

HQs

Public Telephone Network

Leased line

ITU-T Workshop on Telecommunications for Disaster Relief, Geneva, 17 Feb. 2002


Telecommunications for refugees relief operations

NATURAL DISASTER

GSM or other wireless PSTN

Affected area

ITU-T Workshop on Telecommunications for Disaster Relief, Geneva, 17 Feb. 2002


Telecommunications for refugees relief operations

X

X

X

X

MAN MADE DISASTER

Poorly served border region

  • Affected country with:

  • Devastated telecommunications Infrastructure

  • Possibly poor security

Former Yugoslavia

Kosovo

East Timor

Afghanistan

Poorly served border region

ITU-T Workshop on Telecommunications for Disaster Relief, Geneva, 17 Feb. 2002


Options pros cons

1 - HF Radio

Low cost

Stand alone

Low data rate

Skill required

2 - Public satellite services

Inexpensive to buy

Portable

Expensive to use

Asset Management

3 - GSM drop in with satellite backhaul

Good voice service

Very expensive

Wrong technology

Poor data capability

4 - Wireless TCP/IP w/VSAT back haul

VoIP ?

Low cost

Consumer WiFi

Options ProsCons

ITU-T Workshop on Telecommunications for Disaster Relief, Geneva, 17 Feb. 2002


Telecommunications for refugees relief operations

Thank You

Jay Rushby

Head, Telecom

UNHCR

+41 22 739 84 84

[email protected]

ITU-T Workshop on Telecommunications for Disaster Relief, Geneva, 17 Feb. 2002


Telecommunications for refugees relief operations

ITU-T Workshop on Telecommunications for Disaster Relief, Geneva, 17 Feb. 2002


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