Pronouns
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Pronouns. Breaking the repetition. What are pronouns?. Words that replace nouns. Identify persons, places, things, and ideas without renaming them. Christine texts me all the time. Good thing I have an unlimited plan, or she would be costing me tons of money. Ante-what?!.

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Pronouns

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Pronouns

Pronouns

Breaking the repetition


What are pronouns

What are pronouns?

  • Words that replace nouns.

  • Identify persons, places, things, and ideas without renaming them.

    Christine texts me all the time. Good thing I have an unlimited plan, or she would be costing me tons of money.


Ante what

Ante-what?!

  • Antecedents are the original nouns—the nouns being replaced

  • Antecedents and pronouns must match in number and gender

    Tracy makes the best triple layer cake. However, I’m not sure if they buy the cake mix or not.


Pronouns

Alison is an athlete. He trains every day.

It should be “she”

Many people attended the concert. He enjoyed it.

It should be “they”

I’m reading Hunger Games. This is a new book.

Correct

As Laura opened the door, they squeaked.

  • Should be “it”


Main pronouns

Main Pronouns

I/me You He, She, It/Him, Her, It We/Us They/Them

Myself Yourself Himself/Herself/Itself Ourselves Themselves

My Your His, Hers, Its Our Their

Other pronouns: everybody, anything, one, something, several, other, all


Prepositions writing with clarity

PrepositionsWriting with Clarity


Prepositions

Prepositions

  • A word or word phrase that shows a relationship between a noun or pronoun and other words in a sentence.

  • A preposition will tell 4 things:

    • Where something is (location)

    • Where something is going (direction)

    • When something happens (time)

    • The relationship between a noun/pronoun and another word in a sentence


Preposition phrases

Preposition Phrases…

  • …under the tree.

  • …over the hill.

  • …for my mother.

  • …down the street.


Taking out the preposition phrase does not make the sentence incomplete

Taking out the Preposition Phrase does not make the sentence incomplete.

  • Johnny walked home from school.

  • Troy Tulowitzki hit a homerun after the rain delay

  • Kobe Bryant won the game with a sixteen foot jumpshot.

  • The Virginia Tech Hokies played the Yellow Jackets down in Atlanta.


Common prepositions

About

Above

Across

After

Below

Along

Alongside

Among

Before

Beneath

Against

At

Around

Behind

Beside(s)

Between

Beyond

By

Down

During

Common Prepositions


There s more

For

From

In

Inside

Into

Like

Near

Of

Off

On

Outside

Over

Past

Since

Through

To

Toward

Under

Until

Up

There’s more….


A few more

A few more…

  • Upon

  • With

  • Within

  • Without


Prepositions1

Prepositions

  • You have FOUR minutes to write TWO, FIFTEEN word sentences.

  • Use a preposition in the sixth and twelfth positions for each sentence. (no repeats)

    Examples:

    • The famous golfing legend leaned over the tiny, white, dimpled ball on the ninth tee.

    • Pedro Feliz launched a ball towardMcCovey Cove, but it bounced off the brick wall.


Conjunctions

Conjunctions


Pronouns

Conjunctions are words that connect individual words or groups of words (in other words, they conjoin).

  • Two MAIN types

    • Coordinating

    • Subordinating


Coordinating conjunctions

Coordinating conjunctions

They connect or “coordinate” two subjects or verbs in a sentence, or two sentences together

I like peanut butter and jelly.

 “And” is the coordinating conjunction and connects the nouns “peanut butter” and “jelly”


And easy way to remember

And easy way to remember

For

And

Nor

But

Or

Yet

So


Subordinating conjunctions

Subordinating conjunctions

Part of a “cause-effect” model.

The subordinating conjunction is the first word in the dependent clause.

In a “cause-effect” model, the dependent clause is often the “cause” (but not always).


Pronouns

Because we were late to school, the teacher gave me a detention.

 Because is the subordinating conjunction. You could also say “We received a detention because we were late to school. There is still a subordinating con junction in there…and it’s still “BECAUSE”!

Although Paul had never seen his cousin, he wrote her a letter.

 “Although” is the subordinating conjunction.


Interjections

Interjections


Pronouns

An interjection (or exclamation) is an exclamatory word or phrase that can stand by itself. Interjections simply express emotion on the part of the speaker, although most interjections have clear definitions. Wow, ouch, whew are some examples. Filled pauses such as uh, er, um, are also considered interjections.


Pronouns

  • Oops, I dropped the glass.

  • Dangit! I really wanted to win that game!

  • Yes! I love Chik-Fil-A!

  • Whew! What a workout.


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