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Overview of the K-12 English Language Learner (ELLs) Population and Instructional Programs in Virginia. Virginia Department of Education September 19, 2008. Limited English Proficient Student Enrollment Compared to All Student Enrollment.

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Overviewof the K-12 English Language Learner (ELLs) Population and Instructional Programs in Virginia

  • Virginia Department of Education

  • September 19, 2008



Definition of limited english proficient lep student
Definition of Limited English Proficient (LEP) Student

  • A LEP student is one:

  • who was not born in the U.S. or whose native language is a language other than English; and

  • whose difficulties speaking, reading, writing, or understanding English may deny him/her the ability to:

    • meet the state’s proficient level of achievement on state assessments;

    • achieve successfully in classrooms where the language of instruction is English; or

    • participate fully in society.

      [Public Law 107-110, Title IX, Section 9101, (25)]




Definition of immigrant and youth
Definition of Immigrant 2007and Youth

  • Immigrant children and youth are those individuals who:

  • are aged 3 through 21;

  • were not born in any state; and

  • have not been attending one or more schools in any one or more states for more than 3 full academic years.

  • [Public Law 107-110, Section 3301,(6)]




Lep student country of birth for 2007 2008
LEP Student Country Enrollmentof Birth for 2007-2008



Provision of services to lep students
Provision of Services Enrollmentto LEP Students

The Code of Virginia provides for English as a Second Language (ESL) instruction to LEP students§22.1-212.1states inpart: “School boards shall endeavor to provide instruction in the English language which shall be designed to promote the education of students for whom English is a second language.”

The Regulations Establishing Standards for Accrediting Public Schools in Virginia(8 VAC 20-131-10 et. seq.) set high achievement expectations for all students, including LEP students.


Provision of services to lep students1
Provision of Services Enrollmentto LEP Students

The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 requires states to increase English language proficiency and acquisition of academic content in reading, mathematics, and science for LEP students.

[Public Law 107-110, Section 1111(b), 3102]


Percent passing virginia s standards of learning assessments
Percent Passing Virginia’s EnrollmentStandards of Learning Assessments

*Reading and mathematics testing was expanded to include all grades, 3 through 8, in 2005-2006.


Percent passing virginia s standards of learning assessments1
Percent Passing Virginia’s EnrollmentStandards of Learning Assessments

*Reading and mathematics testing was expanded to include all grades, 3 through 8, in 2005-2006.


Percent passing virginia s standards of learning assessments2
Percent Passing Virginia’s EnrollmentStandards of Learning Assessments

*Reading and mathematics testing was expanded to include all grades, 3 through 8, in 2005-2006.


Percent passing virginia s standards of learning assessments3
Percent Passing Virginia’s EnrollmentStandards of Learning Assessments

*Reading and mathematics testing was expanded to include all grades, 3 through 8, in 2005-2006.


Percent passing virginia s standards of learning assessments4
Percent Passing Virginia’s EnrollmentStandards of Learning Assessments

*Reading and mathematics testing was expanded to include all grades, 3 through 8, in 2005-2006.


Percent passing virginia s standards of learning assessments5
Percent Passing Virginia’s EnrollmentStandards of Learning Assessments

*Reading and mathematics testing was expanded to include all grades, 3 through 8, in 2005-2006.


Percent passing virginia s standards of learning assessments6
Percent Passing Virginia’s EnrollmentStandards of Learning Assessments

*Reading and mathematics testing was expanded to include all grades, 3 through 8, in 2005-2006.


Percent passing virginia s standards of learning assessments7
Percent Passing Virginia’s EnrollmentStandards of Learning Assessments

*Reading and mathematics testing was expanded to include all grades, 3 through 8, in 2005-2006.




Most common instructional program types in virginia
Most Common Instructional Program Types in Virginia Proficiency on ELP Assessments

  • ESL Approach

    • English as a second language (ESL) is an educational approach in which English language learners are instructed in the use of the English language. Their instruction is based on a special curriculum that involves little or no use of the native language, focuses on language (as opposed to content), and is usually taught during specific school periods or as part of the mainstream curriculum.

      [U.S. General Accounting Office, 1994]


Most common instructional program types in virginia1
Most Common Instructional Program Types in Virginia Proficiency on ELP Assessments

  • Sheltered English Approach (Content-based Instruction)

    • An instructional approach used to make academic instruction in English understandable to English language learners. The goal is for the student to acquire proficiency in English and the content areas.  Sheltered English instruction differs from ESL in that English is not taught as a language with a focus on learning the language.  Rather, content knowledge and skills and English language proficiency are the goals. 

  • [National Clearinghouse for Bilingual Education, 1997]


Statewide professional development opportunities
Statewide Professional Development Opportunities Proficiency on ELP Assessments

  • George Mason University – “Reading and Writing Strategies for English Language Learners”

  • (fall, spring, summer)

  • University of Mary Washington - “Differentiated Instruction for English Language Learners”

  • (fall, spring)

  • Center for Applied Linguistics –“What’s Different About Teaching Reading to Students Learning English”

  • (fall, spring)


Statewide professional development opportunities1
Statewide Professional Development Opportunities Proficiency on ELP Assessments

  • Center for Applied Linguistics

  • Sheltered Instructional Operational Protocol (SIOP) (as requested by LEAs)

  • Parents as Educational Partners (PEP) (summer)

  • Rural Symposium (spring)

  • Visions to Practice Academy

  • (summer)


Virginia department of education contact information
Virginia Department of Education Proficiency on ELP AssessmentsContact Information


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