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Institute of Occupational Safety and Health. Hazard Communication Training. Your “Right to Know” 29 CFR 1910.1200

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Hazard Communication Training

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Institute of Occupational Safety and Health

Hazard CommunicationTraining

Your “Right to Know”

29 CFR 1910.1200

This material was produced under grant number 46D6-HT31 from OSHA. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.


FY-11 OSHA Susan Harwood Grant Program

This material was produced under grant number SH22297-SH1from OSHA. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.


Objectives: Participants will:

  • Define the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard

  • Compare and contrast labeling and warning systems

  • Identify Physical and Health Hazards of Chemicals

  • Define the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard

  • Identify Employee Rights to Know / OSHA Standards

  • Compare and Contrast Labeling and Warning systems

  • Analyze each section of the Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)

  • Use the Emergency Response Guide (ERG) to Identify Chemical Hazards


Objectives: Participants will:

  • Define the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard

  • Compare and contrast labeling and warning systems

  • Analyze each section of the Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)

  • Use the Emergency Response Guide (ERG) to identify chemical hazards

  • Recognize and implement protective measures


OSHA Hazard Communication Standard, 29 CFR 1910.1200:

  • Convey knowledge of work hazards

  • Communicate protection measures

  • Reduce occupational safety mishaps, illness or fatalities


Elements of the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard

  • Written Program

  • Material Safety DataSheets (MSDS)

  • Labeling

  • Training

  • Materials Inventory and Hazard


Employee: Rights to Know

  • OSHA requires:

    • Workers informed of chemical

      hazard exposures.

    • Workers will be able to:

      • Identify chemicals

      • Analyze chemicals

      • Protect themselves from chemical hazard exposures.


Coastal DVD @ www.coastal.com

Employee “Right to Know” DVD


Physical Hazards of Chemicals:


Chemical Health Hazards


Chemical Routes of Entry

  • Exposure route is important in determining toxicity

  • Four Routes of Exposure:

  • 1. Inhalation

  • 2. Absorption

  • 3. Ingestion

  • 4. Injection


Factors Affecting Human Response To Chemical Exposure

  • Toxic substances

  • Route of exposure

  • Chemical dose

  • Individual factors / sensitivity

  • Interaction with other chemicals


Short and Long Term Health Hazards

  • Acute Effects

    • Fast

    • Immediate

    • High Concentrations Delivered

  • Chronic Effects

    • Method takes years before any symptoms appear

    • Small doses over a long period of time accumulates to form a large dose


Chemical Labeling

  • OSHA requires manufacturers to label drums,

  • cylinders, bags, and container that holds a hazardous

  • chemicals.

    • Signals Words:

      • Danger

      • Caution

      • Warning

    • Secondary labelling

  • “Always read the label before you move, handle, or open a chemical container”


Sample Label

WD-40

CAS No’s 8052-41-3, 68476-85-7, 64742-65-0

EYESContact with eyes may cause irritation, tearing, and redness

SKINProlonged contact with the skin may cause drying or irritation of the skin

INHALATIONOver-exposure may cause anesthesia, headache, dizziness, nausea and/or upper respiratory irritation

INGESTIONMay cause irritation, nausea, vomiting, and/or diarrhea


Understanding a Material Safety Data Sheet

(MSDS)

  • Used by manufacturers and vendors to convey hazard information

  • Obtained when a chemical is purchased

    • All facilities must have (for each chemical):

    • chemical inventory list; and

    • MSDS

  • MSDS overview:

    • Please turn to handouts #1 and #2


Why and What you Should Know about Chemical Labeling

  • National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Diamonds

  • Hazardous Material Identification System (HMIS) labels

  • Department of Transportation (DoT) labeling and placards


Recognize Hazards by:


Protective Measures

  • Engineering controls

  • Workplace practices

  • Product substitution

  • Personal protective equipment


Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG)

  • * Identification of material

  • * Outlines basic initial actions

  • * Recommends protective actions

    • http://hazmat.dot.gov/pubs/erg/guidebook.htm


Summary

  • Define the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard

  • Identify Employee Rights to Know / OSHA Standards

  • Compare and contrast labeling and warning systems

  • Analyze each section of the Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)

  • Use the Emergency Response Guide (ERG) to identify chemical hazards

  • Recognize and implement protective measures


OSHA Contact Numbers

To report Unsafe Working Conditions, Safety and Health Violations Contact OSHA @:

  • 1-800-321-OSHA (6742) / TTY1-877-889-5627

    To File a Complaint Form:

    To file an OSHA-7 report online, see how to file a complaint with OSHA (www.osha.gov)

    For more information regarding your rights, see Worker Rights


Reference List

  • HAZARD Communication in the 21st Century, Retrieved from:

    • http://www.osha.gov/dsg/hazcom/finalmsdsreport.html

  • HAZCOM: Foundation of Workplace Chemical Safety Programs. Retrieved from:

    • http://www.osha.gov/dsg/hazcom/index.html


Institute of Occupational Safety and Health

Thank You

IOSH

Let’s not meet again . . . by accident!

IOSH


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