Exercise physiology
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Exercise Physiology. Year 11 Physical Education AS 1.2 Credits: 5 Miss Sandri. HOSE 16 x Lessons. CALENDAR AUGUST 2013. Force Summation *Practical*. BIOMECANICS Force Summation. No Lesson. Hose- Theory. Hose- Practical. Practical- Volleyball. Practical- Cross Country OR Frisbee Golf.

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Exercise physiology

Exercise Physiology

Year 11 Physical Education

AS 1.2

Credits: 5

Miss Sandri


Exercise physiology

HOSE 16 x Lessons

CALENDARAUGUST 2013

Force Summation *Practical*

BIOMECANICS Force Summation

No Lesson

Hose- Theory

Hose- Practical

Practical- Volleyball

Practical- Cross Country OR Frisbee Golf

Newton’s Laws

Theory

Projectile Motion/ Leavers

No Lesson

Biomechanics Summary/ Short term responses of exercise

Practical Lesson (speedball)

Long Term Responses of Exercise

Anaerobic Energy Systems

No Lesson

CALENDARSEPTEMBER 2013

Practical Lesson

Summary- Energy systems

Practical Lesson-

Revision- Exercise Physiology

No Lesson

Revision- Anatomy

Revision- Biomechanics

Study Leave

No Lesson

EXAM

1.20pm


Exercise physiology

CALENDARAUGUST 2013

BRADLEY 14 x Lessons

Force Summation/ Practical

Bradley- Cross Country

No Lesson

Bradley- Anatomy

Bradley- Anatomy

Practical Session-Volleyball

Stability/ Force Summation

Force Summation- Frisbee Golf

Newton's Laws of Motion

No Lesson

Cross Country- No class 

Practical Lesson (netball)

Biomechanics Revision & Short term responses

Long term responses of exercise

No Lesson

CALENDARSEPTEMBER 2013

Anaerobic & aerobic energy systems

Practical Lesson

Summary- Energy Systems

Practical Lesson

No Lesson

Revision Exercise Physiology

Revision- Anatomy

Revision- Biomechanics

Study Leave

EXAM

1.20pm


Biomechanics revision 5 quick questions

Biomechanics Revision: 5 Quick Questions:

  • Name the BOS, COG and LOG.

  • Key points- to maximise stability you should…

    • Lower the _____

    • Increase the size of the ____

    • Keep the ____ within the ____

    • The _____ passes within the ____

  • Define force summation.

  • What are the three principles of force summation?

  • Name Newton’s 3 laws of motion.


5 quick questions

5 Quick Questions:

Base of support (BOS); Centre of Gravity (COG); Line of Gravity (LOG).

  • Name the BOS, COG and LOG.

  • Key points- to maximise stability you should…

    • Lower the _____

    • Increase the size of the ____

    • Keep the ____ within the ____

    • The _____ passes within the ____

  • Define force summation.

  • What are the three principles of force summation?

  • Name Newton’s 3 laws of motion.

(COG)

(BOS)

(BOS)

(LOG)

(LOG)

(COG)

The sum of all forces generated by each body part.

Timing, using the greatest number of body parts and sequence.

Law 1: Inertia Law 2: Acceleration Law 3: Action/ Reaction


Exercise physiology1

Exercise Physiology

  • Short Term Physiological Responses to Exercise

  • Long Term Physiological Responses to Exercise

  • Anaerobic Energy Systems

  • Aerobic Energy Systems


Body systems

Body Systems

  • Muscular system

  • Cardiovascular/ Circulatory system

  • Respiratory system


Short term acute physiological responses to exercise

Short Term (Acute) Physiological Responses to Exercise

Effects that take place

while we are exercising…


Short term physiological responses to exercise immediate or acute effects of exercise on the body

Short Term Physiological Responses to Exercise Immediate or acute effects of exercise on the body.

TASK:

  • Measure your ‘resting’ heart rate (15 seconds then x4)

  • 1 minute of strenuous exercise (star jumps, squat jumps, press ups, lunge jumps).

  • Measure heart rate (15 seconds then x4)

  • Listen to my instructions for timing


Exercise physiology

Thinking about the 1 minute of exercise you just did- What effects did you feel taking place within your body?

BRAINSTORM


Short term physiological responses to exercise immediate or acute effects of exercise on the body1

Short Term Physiological Responses to Exercise Immediate or acute effects of exercise on the body.

Simplified answers:

  • Increased temperature

  • Increased heart rate

  • Increased respiration

    ACHIEVED !!


Muscular system increased temperature

Muscular System- Increased Temperature

  • Muscles receive more

    blood and oxygen

    • Working harder

  • Muscles increase

    in temperature

    • Bi-product of energy production

    • Blood moves to surface of the skin (heat regulation)

    • Sweating (heat regulation)


  • Cardiovascular cardiac output increases the heart beats faster and stronger

    Cardiovascular- Cardiac Output Increases“The heart beats faster and stronger”

    • The heart rate increases to ensure that

      more oxygen is delivered to the working

      muscles.

    • This also allows Co2 to be

      removed from the body.

    • Stroke volume also

      increases so the amount of

      blood processed each beat

      increases.

    • (Cardiac output (Q) = SV x HR)


    Respiratory system increased ventilation breathing quickens and deepens

    Respiratory System- Increased Ventilation“Breathing quickens and deepens”

    • Increase in the number of breaths per minute

      (respiratory rate)

    • Increase in the amount of air taken in each breath.

      (tidal volume)

      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FyhYHlA7bZw


    Short term effects of exercise summary

    Short Term Effects of Exercise- Summary

    • Muscular System

      • Increased temperature

        • Sweating

    • Cardiovascular System

      • Increased cardiac output

        • Heart rate & stroke volume

        • Deliver O2 and remove Co2 from muscles

    • Respiratory System

      • Increased ventilation

        • Respiratory rate and tidal volume


    Exercise physiology

    The ___________ and lungs are responsible for moving ___________ around the body.

    The _________________________ system inhales oxygen into the _______________ where it is ____________ into the blood.

    The ____________ system pumps _____________filled blood around the body where it provides the ________________ with the ______________ it needs to perform work.

    The cardio respiratory system _______________ more oxygen into the body as a response to ______________.

    It does this by _____________ both its _________________ and _______________ rate to deliver an increased quality of oxygen to _________________ muscles.


    Exercise physiology

    The ___heart___ and lungs are responsible for moving __oxygen___ around the body.

    The ______respiratory____ system inhales oxygen into the _____lungs____ where it is______transported______ into the blood.

    The __cardiovascular_ system pumps ___oxygen__filled blood around the body where it provides the ____muscles_____ with the ___energy___ it needs to perform work.

    The cardio respiratory system ____draws ___ more oxygen into the body as a response to ___exercise___.

    It does this by ____increasing____ both its _____heart_____ and ___breathing___ rate to deliver an increased quality of oxygen to ______working_____ muscles.


    Speedball

    Speedball

    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zi3NqQ34oQI


    Long term chronic physiological responses to exercise

    Long Term (Chronic) Physiological Responses to Exercise

    Effects that take place following exercise weeks, months, years later…


    Body systems1

    Body Systems

    • Muscular system

    • Cardiovascular/ Circulatory system

    • Respiratory system


    Think about the effects of training on the body try to link your answer to the three energy systems

    Think about the effects of training on the body. Try to link your answer to the three energy systems.

    BRAINSTORM


    Long term physiological responses to exercise effect of training on the body

    Long Term Physiological Responses to Exercise Effect of training on the body.

    Simplified answers:

    • Muscles increase in size and strength.

    • Size of the heart increases.

    • The heart pumps more blood per beat (stroke volume).

    • The cardiovascular system becomes more efficient.

    • The recovery rate becomes quicker.

    • Resting heart rate becomes lower.

      ACHIEVED !!


    Muscular system

    Muscular System

    • Muscles increase in size and strength

      • Hypertrophy

      • Receiving more O2

      • Working harder

  • Muscles become more flexible

    • Subject to training

  • Muscles receive more O2

    • From increases in the cardio

      respiratory system


  • Cardiovascular system

    Cardiovascular System

    • Increased heart size

      • Because the heart is a muscle too! The heart is

        pumping much more blood around the body to

        produce O2 and remove CO2.

  • Exercising heart rate becomes lower

    • Because the heart is larger (more blood pumped through per beat)

  • Increased stroke volume

    • Because the heart is larger (more blood pumped through per beat)

  • Decreased resting heart rate

    • Heart is bigger, therefore it doesn’t need to pump as often


  • Respiratory system

    Respiratory System

    • The lungs can breathe in and out a greater volume of air, and with it oxygen.

      • Increased efficiency for exchange in the lungs and muscles.

      • This means more O2 being delivered to muscles and more Co2 being removed from the muscles.


    The interconnection between the 3 energy systems

    The Interconnection between the 3 Energy Systems

    • Muscular system

    • Cardiovascular/ Circulatory system

    • Respiratory system

      None of these effects are possible unless all three energy systems work together to increase O2 and remove Co2.


    Sticky notes

    Sticky Notes

    • One thing you do not understand fully from the last two lessons (short term & long term effects of exercise).

    • The aspect/ aspects that are the most difficult to understand from the whole content anatomy (bones/muscles/movements), biomechanics (stability/force summation/Netwon’s laws), physiology- be specific- what parts in particular?)

    • One sport that you would like to play for practical lessons.


    Don t forget lunch time tutorial

    Don’t forget- lunch time tutorial


    Energy systems

    Energy Systems

    Anaerobic & Aerobic


    Energy systems1

    Energy Systems

    • Three pathways provide energy for physical activity.

      • Two are anaerobic (without oxygen) and the other is aerobic (with oxygen).


    Energy systems2

    Energy Systems

    • The type of energy pathway used is dependent on the type of activity performed.

      • Activity that is longer in duration and of low intensity is fuelled by the aerobic energy system

      • Activity that is shorter in duration and of higher intensity is fuelled by the anaerobic energy systems


    Energy systems3

    Energy Systems

    Anaerobic

    0-10 seconds: ATP-PC system

    10 seconds- 2 minutes- Lactic acid system

    2 minutes + Oxygen system - Aerobic


    The energy systems overlap

    The Energy Systems Overlap

    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5G8cVpXpsL8


    Anaerobic energy systems sports

    Anaerobic Energy Systems- Sports

    • Sports and activities that use this energy system include team sports such as;

      • Rugby

      • Netball

      • Soccer

    • where high intensity activity is performed for short periods of time.


    Anaerobic exercise

    Anaerobic Exercise

    • Anaerobic exercise is defined as exercise performed at an intensity where a persons cardiovascular system cannot supply enough oxygen to keep up with demand and therefore energy is produced without the presence of O2.


    Lactic acid

    Lactic Acid

    • Lactic acid is a bi-product of this energy production resulting in muscle soreness and will lead to a decrease in work intensity or a build up of lactate to the point where exercise can no longer continue.


    Anaerobic energy system key points

    Anaerobic Energy System- Key Points

    • An – aerobic.

    • Anti- oxygen

    • Exercise performed

      without oxygen.

    • Usually lasts for

      around 0-2 minutes.

    • First 10 seconds include the ATP- CP system.


    Aerobic exercise

    Aerobic Exercise

    • Aerobic exercise is defined as exercise performed at intensity when a persons cardiovascular system can supply enough oxygen to keep up with demand.

    • Examples include running, swimming and biking long distances.


    Activity 1 identify which energy system is used the most in each sport

    Activity 1: Identify which energy system is used the most in each sport.


    Activity 1 identify which energy system is used the most in each sport1

    Activity 1: Identify which energy system is used the most in each sport.


    5 quick questions1

    5 Quick Questions:

    • True or false- The aerobic energy system does not use oxygen.

    • True or false- The anaerobic energy system comes into effect at 2 minutes +

    • Describe the anaerobic energy system.

    • What energy system would be most predominant in these sports?

      • Football/soccer

      • 400m run

      • Shot put

      • 3000m run

      • Marathon

  • Draw the energy systems graph


  • 5 quick questions2

    5 Quick Questions:

    FALSE (the anaerobic energy system doesn’t use oxygen)

    • True or false- The aerobic energy system does not use oxygen.

    • True or false- The anaerobic energy system comes into effect at 2 minutes +

    • Describe the anaerobic energy system.

    • What energy system would be most predominant in these sports (anaerobic or aerobic)?

      • Football/soccer

      • 400m run

      • Shot put

      • 3000m run

      • Marathon

  • Draw the energy systems graph

  • FALSE (the aerobic energy system comes into effect at 2 minutes +

    Short duration, high intensity, ATP-PC (0-20seconds), lactic acid (20seconds-2minutes)

    Anaerobic

    Anaerobic

    Anaerobic

    Aerobic

    Aerobic


    Hurdles vs marathon

    Hurdles vs. Marathon

    • See if you can complete this worksheet without looking at your notes.


    Simon says

    Simon Says:


    Paragraph format energy systems

    Paragraph Format- Energy Systems

    Explain in detail anaerobic and

    aerobic energy systems.

    Finished? Come and get a puzzle worksheet.


    Exercise physiology

    HOSE 16 x Lessons

    CALENDARAUGUST 2013

    Force Summation *Practical*

    BIOMECANICS Force Summation

    No Lesson

    Hose- Theory

    Hose- Practical

    Practical- Volleyball

    Practical- Cross Country OR Frisbee Golf

    Newton’s Laws

    Theory

    Projectile Motion/ Leavers

    No Lesson

    Biomechanics Summary/ Short term responses of exercise

    Practical Lesson (speedball)

    Long Term Responses of Exercise

    Anaerobic Energy Systems

    No Lesson

    CALENDARSEPTEMBER 2013

    Practical Lesson

    Summary- Energy systems

    Practical Lesson-

    Revision- Exercise Physiology

    No Lesson

    Revision- Anatomy

    Revision- Biomechanics

    Study Leave

    No Lesson

    EXAM

    1.20pm


    Exercise physiology

    CALENDARAUGUST 2013

    BRADLEY 14 x Lessons

    Force Summation/ Practical

    Bradley- Cross Country

    No Lesson

    Bradley- Anatomy

    Bradley- Anatomy

    Practical Session-Volleyball

    Stability/ Force Summation

    Force Summation- Frisbee Golf

    Newton's Laws of Motion

    No Lesson

    Cross Country- No class 

    Practical Lesson (netball)

    Biomechanics Revision & Short term responses

    Long term responses of exercise

    No Lesson

    CALENDARSEPTEMBER 2013

    Anaerobic & aerobic energy systems

    Practical Lesson

    Summary- Energy Systems

    Practical Lesson

    No Lesson

    Revision Exercise Physiology

    Revision- Anatomy

    Revision- Biomechanics

    Study Leave

    EXAM

    1.20pm


    Summary of physiology

    Summary of Physiology

    5 Quick Questions:

    • List 3 short term effects of exercise on the body.

    • List 3 long term effects of training/exercise on the body.

    • What are the two energy systems?

    • Give 5 key points for each system.

    • Draw the energy systems graph.


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