Why did explorations happen when they did
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Why did explorations happen when they did?. A variety of factors all came together to make the time period (1450-1700) the “age of exploration” Some of these factors were pushes , external forces acting on Europe Some were pulls , motivations and things that attracted the Europeans.

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Why did explorations happen when they did?

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Why did explorations happen when they did

Why did explorations happen when they did?

  • A variety of factors all came together to make the time period (1450-1700) the “age of exploration”

  • Some of these factors were pushes,external forces acting on Europe

  • Some were pulls, motivations and things that attracted the Europeans


What is the easiest way to remember it all

What is the easiest way to remember it all?

  • The Three G’s:

    • Gold

    • Glory

    • God


The first g gold

The First G: Gold

  • Gold was a hot item that explorers were looking for, but remember that it is really wealth, not just literal gold that explorers were after.

  • Europeans also desired spices

    • (Da Gama’s voyage to India made him a 3000% profit!)

  • Other natural resources - timber, sugar, tobacco, ivory, etc.

  • Competition between nation-states


The second g glory

The second G: Glory

  • Came out of the Renaissance ideal of Humanism, and the focus on individual achievement

  • With the rise of the printing press, the idea of gaining fame for one’s actions was more possible and desired

  • Also, individual kings wanted glory for their kingdoms.

The Triumph of Fame, a Flemish tapestry from 1502.


The third g god

The third G: God

  • Christians wants to spread religion

    • New converts

    • Right thing to do “white man’s burden”

    • Competition amongst religions

  • Colonization will become a race to convert native peoples to a particular brand of Christianity

    • Jesuits (Catholics) are some of the most active


How did these explorations begin

How did these explorations begin?

  • Prince Henry of Portugal - first to encourage new ship explorations

  • Started an institute for seafaring and exploring

  • By the time of his death in 1460, Portuguese had sailed as far south as the Gold Coast of West Africa

“Prince Henry the Navigator”


What were the new technologies that enabled explorations

What were the new technologies that enabled explorations?

  • Caravel

  • Compass, astrolabe, maps and other technologiesfrom asian and Islamic culture


What factors were pushing europeans to explore

What factors were pushing Europeans to explore?

  • Decline of Mongol Empire in 1400s made goods from the east harder to get, more expensive

  • Fall of Constantinople (1453)

  • Desire to get trade goods cheaper.


Effects of age of exploration

Effects of Age of Exploration

  • Europe

    • Growth of wealthy European monarchs

    • Increased competition (economic = political)


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