Western Balkans/Social inclusion forum
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Western Balkans/Social inclusion forum IDPs 24.11.2008 Zagreb, Croatia PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Western Balkans/Social inclusion forum IDPs 24.11.2008 Zagreb, Croatia. Kosovo at a Glance:. Human Development Index (HDI) across Municipalities. Population: Approx. 2 million Area: 10,000 km/sq Age Structure:* 0-19: 42.5% 20-64: 52%

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Western Balkans/Social inclusion forum IDPs 24.11.2008 Zagreb, Croatia

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Western balkans social inclusion forum idps 24 11 2008 zagreb croatia

Western Balkans/Social inclusion forum

IDPs

24.11.2008

Zagreb, Croatia


Kosovo at a glance

Kosovo at a Glance:

Human Development Index (HDI)

across Municipalities

Population: Approx. 2 million

Area: 10,000 km/sq

Age Structure:* 0-19: 42.5%

20-64: 52%

65+ : 5.5%

** 53% of total pop. under the age of 25

GDP per capita: 848 Euros

Ethnic Composition:

K-Albanian: 88%

K-Serbian: 7%

K-RAE & Other: 5%

Unemployment Rate: 42.3%**

Human Development Index: 0.734

Life Expectancy: 68.8 years

Infant Mortality Rate: 35 per 1,000 live births

Gross Primary Enrollment: 95.4%

**Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare 2004

Human Development Report

0.625-0.667

0.668-0.697

0.698-0.723


Profile of idp caseload

IDP caseload Kosovo/regional

High unemployment rate, lack of access to (and quality of) education

Slow pace of returns and reintegration

Kosovo’s Status declaration/Kosovo constitution and new movements

Decentralization process

Reintegration/returns conditions

Weak response to the IDP needs

Destabilization and further isolation

Profile of IDP caseload


Social inclusion policy framework

Social inclusion Policy framework

  • Legal Frameworks supporting Equality are in place including:

    • Law on Gender Equality

    • Anti Discrimination Law

    • Law on Equal Opportunities for Health

    • Election regulation guaranteeing 30% of seats held by women and 16% by minorities at municipal and central level assemblies

  • Law on Youth Empowerment and Participation under discussion in Kosovo Assembly

  • 5 years Strategy on HIV/AIDS prevention

  • IDP/Returns Manual

  • RAE Strategy


  • Monitoring mechanisms

    Monitoring mechanisms

    • Ministry for Communities and Returns

    • Outside capacity development support

    • Institutional collaboration

    • MRO/MCO

    • MCR-MRO-MCO relations

    • Lack of data (population census) on the depth of vulnerability among the socially excluded

    • Limited availability or absence of services targeting those with special needs


    Idp profile of social exclusion

    IDP status/treatment not clear

    IDP Regional profile not clear MN/SRB/KOS

    -registration

    -willingness to return

    -integration path

    Limited access to (and quality of) education

    -especially in Minority languages

    Legacy of the Previous Regime and the Recent conflict

    -contributes to continued distrust among communities

    Freedom of Movement for IDP communities

    Lack of information on and advocacy for the IDP rights and the most vulnerable

    IDP Profile of Social Exclusion


    Characteristics of social exclusion kosovo s most vulnerable groups idps

    IDPs, Minorities and

    Returnees

    Lack of freedom of movement (including limited transportation opportunities)

    The presence of parallel structures

    Lack of accurate information about the situation outside enclaves especially about progress in reforming the security sector

    Prevailing inter-ethnic tensions, legacy of conflict

    Weak participation in civil society and Kosovo institutions at all levels

    Characteristics of Social ExclusionKosovo’s Most Vulnerable Groups/IDPs

    Participation Index

    by Ethnic Group


    Characteristics of social exclusion kosovo s most vulnerable groups idps1

    Characteristics of Social ExclusionKosovo’s Most Vulnerable Groups/IDPs

    • IDPs Youth integration/returns MN/SRB/KOS

    • Insufficient access to/ participation in decision-making bodies

    • Lower secondary school enrolment rates

    • Higher unemployment rates (exacerbated by lack of experience and thus competitiveness in the labour market)

    • IDPs Unemployed and Underemployed

    • High risk of income poverty and low disposable income

    • Affecting investment in education and professional development

    • Enhance vulnerability to income expenditure shocks

    • Inadequate social security

    • Lack of influence in decision making

    • At risk of exposure to the grey market and anti-social activities


    Characteristics of social exclusion kosovo s most vulnerable groups idps2

    Elderly, Disabled and Children

    Insufficient service provision targeting special those with needs

    Low pension and social welfare benefits

    Residents of Rural Areas

    Limited access to basic public services

    Poor and uneven basic infrastructure

    Limited employment opportunities

    Characteristics of Social ExclusionKosovo’s Most Vulnerable Groups/IDPs

    Access to Water and Sanitation (Rural / Urban)


    Idp ongoing priorities

    IDP Ongoing Priorities

    • Institutional Support for Policy Implementation

    • Further Support for Policy and Law Enforcement

    • Reformulation of the Returns Manual

    • RAE Strategy and action plan

    • Regional approach

    • Decentralization

    • Regional Monitoring and Accurate Demographic and Property Data for the Formulation of Informed Policy Making

    • Regional IDP project approach

    • Public service reform

    • Regional IDP project impact


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