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Western Balkans/Social inclusion forum IDPs 24.11.2008 Zagreb, Croatia

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Western Balkans/Social inclusion forum IDPs 24.11.2008 Zagreb, Croatia. Kosovo at a Glance:. Human Development Index (HDI) across Municipalities. Population: Approx. 2 million Area: 10,000 km/sq Age Structure:* 0-19: 42.5% 20-64: 52%

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Western Balkans/Social inclusion forum

IDPs

24.11.2008

Zagreb, Croatia

kosovo at a glance
Kosovo at a Glance:

Human Development Index (HDI)

across Municipalities

Population: Approx. 2 million

Area: 10,000 km/sq

Age Structure:* 0-19: 42.5%

20-64: 52%

65+ : 5.5%

** 53% of total pop. under the age of 25

GDP per capita: 848 Euros

Ethnic Composition:

K-Albanian: 88%

K-Serbian: 7%

K-RAE & Other: 5%

Unemployment Rate: 42.3%**

Human Development Index: 0.734

Life Expectancy: 68.8 years

Infant Mortality Rate: 35 per 1,000 live births

Gross Primary Enrollment: 95.4%

**Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare 2004

Human Development Report

0.625-0.667

0.668-0.697

0.698-0.723

profile of idp caseload
IDP caseload Kosovo/regional

High unemployment rate, lack of access to (and quality of) education

Slow pace of returns and reintegration

Kosovo’s Status declaration/Kosovo constitution and new movements

Decentralization process

Reintegration/returns conditions

Weak response to the IDP needs

Destabilization and further isolation

Profile of IDP caseload
social inclusion policy framework
Social inclusion Policy framework
  • Legal Frameworks supporting Equality are in place including:
      • Law on Gender Equality
      • Anti Discrimination Law
      • Law on Equal Opportunities for Health
      • Election regulation guaranteeing 30% of seats held by women and 16% by minorities at municipal and central level assemblies
  • Law on Youth Empowerment and Participation under discussion in Kosovo Assembly
  • 5 years Strategy on HIV/AIDS prevention
  • IDP/Returns Manual
  • RAE Strategy
monitoring mechanisms
Monitoring mechanisms
  • Ministry for Communities and Returns
  • Outside capacity development support
  • Institutional collaboration
  • MRO/MCO
  • MCR-MRO-MCO relations
  • Lack of data (population census) on the depth of vulnerability among the socially excluded
  • Limited availability or absence of services targeting those with special needs
idp profile of social exclusion
IDP status/treatment not clear

IDP Regional profile not clear MN/SRB/KOS

-registration

-willingness to return

-integration path

Limited access to (and quality of) education

-especially in Minority languages

Legacy of the Previous Regime and the Recent conflict

-contributes to continued distrust among communities

Freedom of Movement for IDP communities

Lack of information on and advocacy for the IDP rights and the most vulnerable

IDP Profile of Social Exclusion
characteristics of social exclusion kosovo s most vulnerable groups idps
IDPs, Minorities and

Returnees

Lack of freedom of movement (including limited transportation opportunities)

The presence of parallel structures

Lack of accurate information about the situation outside enclaves especially about progress in reforming the security sector

Prevailing inter-ethnic tensions, legacy of conflict

Weak participation in civil society and Kosovo institutions at all levels

Characteristics of Social ExclusionKosovo’s Most Vulnerable Groups/IDPs

Participation Index

by Ethnic Group

characteristics of social exclusion kosovo s most vulnerable groups idps1
Characteristics of Social ExclusionKosovo’s Most Vulnerable Groups/IDPs
  • IDPs Youth integration/returns MN/SRB/KOS
  • Insufficient access to/ participation in decision-making bodies
  • Lower secondary school enrolment rates
  • Higher unemployment rates (exacerbated by lack of experience and thus competitiveness in the labour market)
  • IDPs Unemployed and Underemployed
  • High risk of income poverty and low disposable income
  • Affecting investment in education and professional development
  • Enhance vulnerability to income expenditure shocks
  • Inadequate social security
  • Lack of influence in decision making
  • At risk of exposure to the grey market and anti-social activities
characteristics of social exclusion kosovo s most vulnerable groups idps2
Elderly, Disabled and Children

Insufficient service provision targeting special those with needs

Low pension and social welfare benefits

Residents of Rural Areas

Limited access to basic public services

Poor and uneven basic infrastructure

Limited employment opportunities

Characteristics of Social ExclusionKosovo’s Most Vulnerable Groups/IDPs

Access to Water and Sanitation (Rural / Urban)

idp ongoing priorities
IDP Ongoing Priorities
  • Institutional Support for Policy Implementation
  • Further Support for Policy and Law Enforcement
  • Reformulation of the Returns Manual
  • RAE Strategy and action plan
  • Regional approach
  • Decentralization
  • Regional Monitoring and Accurate Demographic and Property Data for the Formulation of Informed Policy Making
  • Regional IDP project approach
  • Public service reform
  • Regional IDP project impact
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