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Broadcast Journalism. Actualities, Technology, Wraparounds, & Lead-ins. Actualities – What are they and why are they important??. What is an actuality? A recorded segment of a newsmaker speaking, generally lasting from ten to twenty seconds. Why are they important?

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broadcast journalism

Broadcast Journalism

Actualities, Technology, Wraparounds, & Lead-ins

actualities what are they and why are they important
Actualities – What are they and why are they important??
  • What is an actuality?
    • A recorded segment of a newsmaker speaking, generally lasting from ten to twenty seconds.
  • Why are they important?
    • Think of it like a history question. Why would we rather have Christopher Columbus’ diary than a historian’s account of what happened?
    • It’s more believable and exciting – and who could capture what it was really like to “discover America” and kill everyone better than Columbus himself?
  • How do we get actualities for our class?
    • Sign out recorder, go find the teacher, get an interview, plug recorder into the computer, edit in less than a minute. Done.
  • How did reporters get actualities before we had digital recording devices?
  • So, how as technology made this easier for us?
  • Newsbreak – a prerecorded break in the show
    • Advertisements
    • National news feeds
    • Local news inserts
  • With new technology…
    • They are recorded in advance with relative ease.
    • Can be edited to stretch or squeeze into the allocated time slot.
  • Defined: an actuality sandwich on newscaster bread.
  • (aka: a technique using the voice of the newscaster in the beginning and end of a story with the voice of a newsmaker [actuality] in the middle).
  • Note: sometimes the sandwich has more than one layer with multiple slices of bread. (see example).
lead ins
  • Every sound byte (actuality), wraparound, and report from the scene included in a news script must be introduced by a line or phrase known as a lead-in.
  • For example, a group may have two talents (James & Kyle), but the field reporter (Michelle) may have prerecorded a wraparound. Kyle would then write a lead-in to introduce Michelle’s prerecorded wraparound.
  • SAY WHAT?! … let’s look at the example.
this week s reading assignment
This week’s reading assignment…
  • None.
  • Enjoy.
  • You’re welcome.
  • No problem.
  • Now move your desks into production teams, please.
  • Unless I took the whole period to do this PowerPoint.
  • Which is possible.