The roaring 20 s
Sponsored Links
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
1 / 34

The Roaring 20’s PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 35 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

The Roaring 20’s. An era of prosperity, Republican power, and conflict. As the War Ended . . . . Spanish Influenza Epidemic! Most deadly for 20-40 yr. olds Eventually killed 20-50 million worldwide (by contrast, WWI killed approx. 15 million people). Philadelphia – October 1918.

Download Presentation

The Roaring 20’s

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


The Roaring 20’s

An era of prosperity,

Republican power,

and conflict


As the War Ended . . .

  • Spanish Influenza Epidemic!

  • Most deadly for 20-40 yr. olds

  • Eventually killed 20-50 million worldwide (by contrast, WWI killed approx. 15 million people)


Philadelphia – October 1918


Emergency hospital at Camp Funston in Fort Riley, KS (1918)


Over 50 Thousand!


Presidents During 1920s

  • Warren G. Harding

  • Calvin Coolidge

  • Herbert Hoover


Warren G. Harding

(1921-1923)


Foreign Policy

*isolationism,avoiding political or economic alliances with foreign countries.

The Harding Presidency


Domestic Issues

  • Normalcy - Harding’s campaign promised a return to pre- WWI peacefulness

  • Red Scare - American’s fear of communism and other extreme political ideas


Examples of Issues Related to the Red Scare or Fear of Communism(the style of government that was now running the Soviet Union)


Communism

  • When the government owns property and the means of production (farms, businesses, and factories)

  • All citizens SHARE the wealth – no private property or rich and poor.


Palmer Raids

  • Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer

  • Driven by fear of Communism

    • And hopes of one day being president…

  • Held suspectswithout evidence


IWW (“Wobblies”) Headquarters after a Palmer Raid


Sacco and Vanzetti

  • Suspected militant anarchists

  • Convicted of murder

  • Many felt they did not receive a fair trial because of their political ideas and ethnicity.


Bartolomeo Vanzetti and Nicola Sacco


More Domestic Issues

  • Nativism- a movement favoring native-born Americans over immigrants.

  • Immigration quota- restrict or ban immigrants from certain countries.

  • Racial tensions . . .


REBIRTH OF THE Ku Klux Klan

  • Started in 1866 in South

  • Experienced it’s greatest growth and popularity after WWI

  • Three million members mostly in Indiana, Oklahoma, and deep South


Ku Klux Klan, cont.

  • KEY CHANGE! Discriminated by race, nationality, political beliefs, religion, etc.

  • Many members were small-business owners, independent professionals, clerical workers, and farmers.


African Americans on the Move


  • Blacks moved north to take advantage of booming wartime industry (= Great Migration) - Black ghettoes began to form, i.e. Harlem

  • within these ghettoes a distinct Black culture flourished

  • But both blacks and whites wanted cultural interchange restricted


  • Marcus Garvey

  • Advocated racial segregation b/c of Black superiority

  • Garvey believed Blacks should return to Africa

  • Few African Americans returned to Africa . . . Why?


The Harlem Renaissance

  • Harlem also emerged as an overall cultural center for African Americans.

  • A literary awakening took place in Harlem in the 1920s that was known as the Harlem Renaissance.

SECTION


  • Key people: James Weldon Johnson, Zora Neale Hurston, and Langston Hughes

  • They celebrated African American culture.


The Jazz Age (2nd name for the 1920s)

  • Jazz, a style of music that grew out of the African American music of the South, became highly popular during the 1920s.

SECTION


Billie Holiday


Louis Armstrong


Ella Fitzgerald


Harding dies suddenly (and mysteriously) while still in office and Coolidge becomes president.

“Silent Cal”

Calvin Coolidge

1923-1929


Coolidge’s Foreign Policy

  • Continued Isolationism


Domestic Policy

  • Laissez Faire- Hands Off!! Government should not interfere with the growth of business


President Coolidge ‘s Philosophy

  • “The business of America is business.”

  • High Tariffs!!!!!!!! (cost of living goes up, up, up!)


This says it all about Silent Cal!

  • Both his dry Yankee wit and his frugality with words became legendary. His wife, Grace Goodhue Coolidge, recounted that a young woman sitting next to Coolidge at a dinner party confided to him she had bet she could get at least three words of conversation from him. Without looking at her he quietly retorted, "You lose."


  • Login