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Sexual and Reproductive Health Keys to achieving the Millennium Development Goals: Nurses and Health Care Workers at the fore front. Dr Inonge Kamungoma-Dada BSc. HB; MBcHB; (UNZA). MA Pop. Research (Exon). United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) SANNAM Conference, October 2007.
achieving the Millennium Development Goals:
Nurses and Health Care Workers at the fore front
Dr Inonge Kamungoma-Dada
BSc. HB; MBcHB; (UNZA). MA Pop. Research (Exon).
United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
SANNAM Conference, October 2007
Population trends affect the course of and prospects of poverty reduction
Sub Saharan Africa demographic factors:
SRH impacts various level of Education and vice versa
Universal access to SRH is essential for achieving gender equality
The ability of women to control their own fertility is absolutely fundamental to women’s empowerment and equality. When a woman can plan her family, she can plan the rest of her life. When she is healthy, she can be more productive. And when her reproductive rights … are promoted and protected, she has freedom to participate more fully and equally in society. Reproductive rights are essential to women’s advancement.
Thoraya Ahmed Obaid, UNFPA
SRH services are crucial
Effect of modern Contraceptive rates on Infant mortality
CPR % Average Infant Mortality/ 1000 live births
“NO WOMAN SHOULD EVER DIE GIVING LIFE,” Thoraya Obaid Statement at the 60th World Health Assembly, 15 May 2007
% of births with skilled attendant
Maternal deaths per 100,000 live births
Addressing SRH needs and HIV and AIDS and other diseases requires essential medicines and services as well as health care workers to be available
Poverty is multi-dimensional and poverty reduction is threatened by climate change
Dimensions of Poverty
Examples of Determinants
Natural resources, e.g., agriculture, forests
Access to markets
Water quantity, quality
Air quality, Vector-borne
and water-borne diseases
Natural shocks, e.g., severe weather
Treat: though HCWs are at frontline of HIV/AIDS and other disease programmes, they often do not have adequate access to these services themselves
Train: expand the numbers of new health care workers and maximize the efficiency of the existing workforce
Retain: interventions to ensure that countries are able to keep existing HCWs and stem the brain drain
“A hand cannot wash itself”, African proverb
We cannot provide health services to attain the MDGs without HCWs and vice versa
UNFPA – Because everyone counts