Child survival
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CHILD SURVIVAL. Kashifa Abrahams - Senior Researcher Child Health Service Programme. Purpose. Children’s Institute Background - Why child survival? Child survival in Rights framework Way forward. Mission of CI.

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CHILD SURVIVAL

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Child survival

CHILD SURVIVAL

Kashifa Abrahams - Senior Researcher

Child Health Service Programme


Purpose

Purpose

  • Children’s Institute

  • Background - Why child survival?

  • Child survival in Rights framework

  • Way forward


Mission of ci

Mission of CI

  • The Children’s Institute, University of Cape Town, aims to contribute to policies, laws and interventions that promote equity and realize the rights and improve the conditions of all children in South Africa, through research, advocacy, education and technical support.


Current status of child survival in sa

Current status of Child Survival in SA

  • IMR 60/1000 live births

  • U5MR 95/1000 live births

  • 10 deaths of children under 5 yrs every hour


Child survival

7

3

10


Main causes of child deaths

Main causes of child deaths

  • Largely preventable

  • HIV/AIDS

  • Diseases of poverty (e.g. diarhoeal disease, malnutrition, pneumonia)

  • Trauma (Road traffic accidents & violence, which include homicide and suicide etc.)

    • Age 0 to 4 years - burns

    • Age 5 to 14 years - MV pedestrian

    • Age 15 to 64 years - firearms

  • Other: neonatal sepsis, preterm births


Child survival

Out- patient Density


Why work from a rights perspective

Why work from a rights perspective?

  • What are human rights?

  • Human rights are about legal rights and legal duties

  • Rights holders: all children under 18

  • Duty bearers: all government departments

  • Legal instruments:

    • Constitution of South Africa Act 108 of 1996

    • International law: United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child and African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child

    • Non-binding agreements: Millennium Development Goals

      Analyze child survival in terms of rights holders and duty bearers


Relationship between international constitutional law

Relationship between international & constitutional law

  • The right to survival exists only in international law. It is incorporated to South African law through the right to life and through the socio-economic rights and through the duty to respect protect and promote.

  • Also international law must be considered


What does this mean in practice

What does this mean in practice?

  • All persons under 18 have the right to max. survival and development

  • Binds all government departments and other bodies

  • Analyse the hazards for different age groups to formulate responses


Way forward

Way forward

  • Acknowledgement & Awareness

  • Mainstreaming – Child Rights-Child Survival & Development

  • Integrated Plan

  • Multi-level, co-ordinated responses

  • Parliamentary Inquiry into Child Survival


Take home message

Take Home Message

  • Child Survival warrants URGENT attention in South Africa

  • JMC has KEY ROLE to play – to enhancing prospects for survival for the nation’s children


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