Towards an Integrated Framework for Coastal Eco-Cities: EU-Asia perspectives Authors: P. Divarakan , V. Kapnopoulou , E. McMurtry , M. Seo , L. Yu. Contents. Introduction Main Aspects for Comparison Transferability Recommendations and Findings Limitations and Future Works.
Towards an Integrated Framework for Coastal Eco-Cities:EU-Asia perspectivesAuthors: P. Divarakan, V. Kapnopoulou, E. McMurtry, M. Seo, L. Yu
Eco-cities working towards international Development
Source: Dargay, et. al. (2007)
Source: Trendsetter (2003), USEPA (2013)
No threat by sea level rise
No actions were taken
Immediate threat by sea level rise
Bears the highest risk from coastal flooding in China
100% of the population and urban area of Tianjin would be affected by coastal flooding
No action were taken towards achieving coastal resilience
In order to reach the goal of 10% of electricity supply from wind power an offshore wind farm is proposed to Tianjin Eco-City.
According to the Graph, the offshore wind farm has the largest total cost and lowest GHG emissions in all four renewable energy sources.
Tianjin Eco City
Contract type: Framework Agreement
It is a “smarter way” to purchase works or supplies.
In individual contracts (call-offs) there is not need to repeat the procurement process again- Reduced bureaucracy
In the case of the project being conceived as a research/development opportunity or simply as a “purchase of works”, lies completely in the perception of the contracting authorities
Regarding the “bureaucracy” element, the pre-existence of mutual trust among the contracting members is imperative.
Contract type: Integrated Project
Describe projects with multi-partners which are formed to support objective driven research.
Necessary to have a series of well documented agreements–Increased bureaucracy
Tianjin Eco City
Public (Chinese and Singapore resources)-Private funds
Public (EU contribution)-Private funds
Key Performance Indicators
Recommendations and Findings
Legislative framework of both the projects are very different.
Opportunity for research and knowledge transfer.
Good understanding of local context
Green building standards
Renewable energy sources
Current state transportation
State of the coastal sector
Transferability of green technologies and practices.
Limitations and Future works
Study is based on just one example from both Europe and Asia.
Limited resources to create firm guidelines and standards for suitable city schemes across European and Asian borders.
Findings of this project would be supported by a widening of the scope to include more cities from Europe and Asia.