WWI 1914-1919. The Great War The War to End All Wars. Causes. Militarism : the glorification of the military…mostly practiced by Germany
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Militarism: the glorification of the military…mostly practiced by Germany
Alliances: systems of friendships created in Europe to keep the balance of power equal. The two alliances were the Triple Entente (Russia, UK, France) and the Triple Alliance (Germany, Austria Hungary, Ottoman Empire, Bulgaria)
Nationalism: the glorification of one’s nation. As empires crumbled, many of the ethnic groups wanted to create their own nations. This is particularly true in the Balkans (Powder Keg of Europe)
Imperialism: taking over of another country in order to gain natural resources. Many countries felt left out of the imperialist movement and hoped to gain land through the war.
Assassination: Archduke Franz Ferdinand was killed by Gavrilo Princip in Sarajevo. Austria Hungary gave Bosnia a list of demands known as the July Ultimatum which the Serbs were unable to fulfill.
When Austria Hungary invaded, Russia began to mobilize.
When Germany saw that Russia was mobilizing, they moved troops to the borders and declared war.
When Germany declared war, the rest of the alliances began to mobilize. Soon all of Europe had declared war.
Once war began, the Triple Alliance became known as the Central Powers. The Triple Entente became known as the Allies. Italy will switch sides from the Central Powers to the Allies in the middle of the war.
WWI at home isolationism or should they have entered WWI immediately? Why?
Economic boom for the United States
Entrance of women and minorities in to the work force
Great Migrationof African Americans to the North. Why?
Huge amounts of immigration from Europe to US.
Use of the draft
End of the war isolationism or should they have entered WWI immediately? Why?
In 1917, Russia pulled out of the war and began the Bolshevik Revolution, killing the czar and creating a Communist state
By 1918, the Ottoman Empire and Austria Hungary was almost entirely destroyed and Germany could no longer maintain production of necessary supplies.
Germany agreed to an armistice
The Big Four (France, Italy, UK and America) met to determine the treaty that would end the war. This was called the Treaty of Versailles. It is an EPIC FAILURE. It forced Germany to pay heavy reparations, demilitarize and accept full responsibility.
Woodrow Wilson created the 14 points which he believed would lead to a lasting peace in Europe. These included the ideas of self determination, no secret treaties and the League of Nations (the beginning of our United Nations).