Verbals. Gerunds Participles Infinitives. Gerunds. A gerund is a verb form ending in – ing that is used as a noun It is part verb and part noun Formed by adding - ing to the plain form of the verb Function in any way a noun functions. Singing is fun.
The gentle pattering of the
rain was the only sound.
-ed, or sometimes -t or -n
A peeled cucumber can be added to a garden salad.
The speaker, known for her
eloquent speeches, drew
applause from the audience.
This sentence contains a participial phrase.
Don’t confuse these with prepositional phrases! Those will have a noun/pronoun following the to .