Verbals
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Verbals. Gerunds Participles Infinitives. Gerunds. A gerund is a verb form ending in – ing that is used as a noun It is part verb and part noun Formed by adding - ing to the plain form of the verb Function in any way a noun functions. Singing is fun.

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Verbals

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Verbals

Verbals

Gerunds

Participles

Infinitives


Gerunds

Gerunds

  • A gerund is a verb form ending in –ingthat is used as a noun

    • It is part verb and part noun

    • Formed by adding -ing to the plain form of the verb

    • Function in any way a noun functions


Verbals

  • Singing is fun.

  • Their favorite exercise is running.

  • Shelly likes swimming.

  • Get special shoes for running.


Gerund phrase

Gerund phrase

  • A gerund phrase consists of a gerund along with its complements and modifiers, all of which together act as a noun.

    Ahhhhh!


Verbals

The gentle pattering of the

rain was the only sound.


Participles

Participles

  • A verb form that can be used as an adjective.

    • Part verb and part adjective


Verbals

  • Present participle

    • Plain form of the verb plus –ing

    • Different from a gerund

      • Participle acts as an adjective

      • The pouring rain drove us inside.


Verbals

  • Past participle

    • Plain form of the verb plus –d,

      -ed, or sometimes -t or -n

      A peeled cucumber can be added to a garden salad.


Verbals

The speaker, known for her

eloquent speeches, drew

applause from the audience.

This sentence contains a participial phrase.


Infinitives

Infinitives

  • A verb form, usually preceded by to, that can be used as a noun, adjective, or adverb

    • to love, to care, to jump, to puke


As a noun

As a noun

  • To love is to care.

  • Cheryl wanted to work on the play.


As an adjective

As an adjective

  • The place to visit is Paris.

  • That was a record to beat.


As an adverb

As an adverb

  • The point guard jumped to shoot.

  • Ready to go, we loaded the car.

    Don’t confuse these with prepositional phrases! Those will have a noun/pronoun following the to .


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