Peculiarities of the use of structural parts of speech in english literature prepositions
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Peculiarities of the use of structural parts of speech in English literature : Prepositions. done by Petro Melnyk EPh group 13. Urgency. To avoid difficulties with the literary translation of prepositions.

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Peculiarities of the use of structural parts of speech in English literature : Prepositions

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Peculiarities of the use of structural parts of speech in english literature prepositions

Peculiarities of the use of structural parts of speech in English literature: Prepositions

done by

Petro Melnyk

EPh group 13


Urgency

Urgency

  • To avoid difficulties with the literary translation of prepositions.

  • need to study their features, characteristics and use of classification in modern English.


Peculiarities of the use of structural parts of speech in english literature prepositions

Aim

  • The aim of this presentation is to tell about the usage of prepositions in English language and literature.


Main tasks

Main tasks

  • 1)To submit the theme in the next way:

  • to tell about the main groups of prepositions.

  • to mention the peculiarities of their usage with other parts of speech.

  • to give thecharacteristic of prepositions.

  • 2)To make the conclusion

  • 3) To give a short test checking the attention of the audience.


Preposition

Preposition

  • Preposition is a part of speech which denotes the relation between objects and phenomena. It shows the relations between a noun or a pronoun and other words.

  • Defining the preposition there are three main properties:

  • 1) the preposition is a functional part of speech and cannot perform an independent syntactic function.

  • 2) the preposition is a word expressing subordinate relations between lexical parts of speech

  • 3)the preposition is a word with an obligatory pre-nounal position: it may follow almost any part of speech, but it must precede a noun or its syntactic equivalent.


Position of prepositions

Position of prepositions

  • Prepositions normally precede nouns or pronouns. In two constructions, however it is possible in informal English to move the preposition to the end of the sentence:

  • 1) In questions beginning with a preposition+ whom/which/what/whose/where

  • Tom whom were you talking? (formal)

  • Who were you talking to? (informal)

  • 2) Similarly in relative clauses, a preposition placed before whom/which can be moved to the end of the clause.

  • the people with whom I was travelling (formal)

  • The people I was travelling with (informal)


Morphological structure

Morphological structure

  • Prepositions, like functional parts of speech in general, are a complicated and controversial phenomenon.

  • As to their morphological structure, prepositions fall under the following groups:

  • 1)simple ( in, on, at, for, with)

  • 2)derivative (behind, below, across, along)

  • 3)compound (inside , outside, within, without )

  • 4)composite (because of, in front of, in accordance with)


P repositions of time

Prepositions of time


Prepositions of place

Prepositions of place:


Prepositions of cause purpose

Prepositions of Cause & Purpose


Prepositions of passage

Prepositions of passage


Other meanings

Other meanings


Fixed expressions

Fixed Expressions


C onclusion

Conclusion

  • This presentation helped me to refresh my knowledge about prepositions. I find out much more about their usage, clasification and role in the sentence . I am sure that this experience will be very useful for me in the future.


Peculiarities of the use of structural parts of speech in english literature prepositions

Test

  • 1) He made his escape by jumping ______ a window and jumping ______ a waiting car.

  • A) over / into

  • B) between / into

  • C) out of / between

  • D) out of / into

  • 2) To get to the Marketing department, you have to go ______ those stairs and then ______ the corridor to the end.

  • A) up / along

  • B) between / into

  • C) out of / between

  • D) out of / into

  • 3) I saw something about it ______ television.

  • A) on

  • B) at

  • C) through

  • D) with


Peculiarities of the use of structural parts of speech in english literature prepositions

  • 4) She took the key ______ her pocket and put it ________ the lock.

  • A) between / into

  • B) out of / in

  • C) by / on

  • D) up to / out

  • 5) I went ______ him and asked him the best way to get ______ town.

  • A) towards / over

  • B) along / up

  • C) by / on

  • D) up to / out of

  • 6) The restaurant is ______ the High Street, ______ the cinema.

  • A) out of / in

  • B) under / around

  • C) in / next to

  • D) up / along


Peculiarities of the use of structural parts of speech in english literature prepositions

  • 7) Sally left school ______ the age of 16 and went to work ______ a bank.

  • A) out of / in

  • B) under / around

  • C) in / next to

  • D) at / in

  • 8) He jumped ______ the wall and ______ the garden.

  • over / into

  • towards / over

  • along / up

  • by / on

  • 9) John is the person standing ______ the window, ______ the woman with the long blonde hair.

  • A) at / into

  • B) beside / next to

  • C) under / around

  • D) in / next to


Used literature

Used literature

  • M.A Ganshina N.M Vasilevskaya English Grammar ninth edition. Higher school house .Moscow.1964 [p316-319]

  • Practical English Grammar.A.J.Thomson Fourth edition.Oxford University Press London.1985 /381 [p 91-104]

  • Houghton Miffin Company. Ann Cole Brown.Boston.1984/260 [p 29-31]

  • Iryna Alexeyeva.Курс практичної граматики суч. англійської мови.навч.посіб.-В.:Нова книга.-2007.-328ст.[cт 160-164]


Peculiarities of the use of structural parts of speech in english literature prepositions

  • Marianne Celce-Murcia. Diana Larsen-Freeman. The grammar book . Teachers course. Boston 1983- 655[250-263]

  • Л.М. Черноватий С.Л Пчеліна. В.І. Карабан. Практична граматика з англійської мови . Посібник для студентів вищих навч. закл. освіт. Т1.-В.; Нова книга, 2005.-298[57-65]

  • 1)http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/prepositions[here you will find the main groups of preposition and some information about their usage]


Peculiarities of the use of structural parts of speech in english literature prepositions

  • 2)http://www.englishlanguageguide.com/english/grammar/preposition.asp [ here you will find the main information about prepositions and their characteristic]

  • 3) http://vlc.polyu.edu.hk/vlc/preps/preptable.htm [in this site you will find the classification of prepositions with the examples]

  • 4) http://www.englishclub.com/grammar/prepositions.htm [here you can find the main information about their usage and the list of English prepositions ]

  • 5) http://cad.ntu-kpi.kiev.ua/~demch/friends/esl4rus/prepositions.html [the main rules and the classification of prepositions]


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