Classicism, Durkheim and Milgram Law and Obedience. CRJ/HOS/SOC 210 Criminology – Victimology Dr. Luzinski. Part 1 ‘Classicism’. Classicism, in the Arts implies a canon or “law” of widely accepted ideal forms
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Criminology – Victimology
Has no place!
S.S. rejects Classicism and adopts Positivism which holds that the scientific method is the best approach to uncovering the processes by which both physical and human events occur.
The concept was developed in the early 19th century by the philosopher and founding sociologist, AugusteComte.
Auguste Comte, (1798–1857)
April 15, 1888 November 15, 1917
Milgram (1963) concluded "the conflict stems from...the disposition not to harm other people...and...the tendency to obey...legitimate authorities."
There are new views now:
Shift in Responsibility (Milgram, 1974) (Miller et al, 1995)
Malevolent authority perceived as benevolent (Nissani, 1990, 1992, 1994)
Break between Judgment and Action (Turiel, 1983)
Corruption of moral judgment (Bersoff, 1999)
Social consensus affecting judgment (Singer, 1998)Ethics and Morality