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Austrian Armed Forces Language Institute. Building Military Corpora for Curricula BILC CONFERENCE 2013 - TBILISI BG H. WALTHER. Teaching General & Military English The Military Corpus. One way of doing it. Mission of the AAF Language Institute.

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Austrian Armed Forces Language Institute

Building Military Corpora for Curricula

BILC CONFERENCE 2013 - TBILISI

BG H. WALTHER


Teaching general military english the military corpus

Teaching General & Military EnglishThe Military Corpus

One way of doing it


Mission of the AAF Language Institute

To make the Austrian Armed Forces interoperable

 through language proficiency


Desired End-state

INTEROPERABILITY

No purely general language training

but also

intercultural competence

and

military language training.

Military Skills


Definitions of ncw conceptual confusion
Definitions of NCW : – Conceptual Confusion

  • Network Centric Warfare (NCW - US)

  • Network Based Defence (NBD - SW)

  • Network Centric Operations (NCO – NL)

  • Network Enabled Collective Security (NATO)

  • Network Enabled Warfare (NEW - AUS)

  • Network Enabled Capability (NEC - UK)

  • Bulle Opérationelle Aéroterrestre (BOA – FR)

  • MISCELLANEOUS :

    • Network Exploitation Capability

    • Network Enhanced Capability

    • Network Centric Capability


Level 1 barracks ranks
Level1Barracks, Ranks


Level 2A. Pure Military

  • Field Training

  • Troop Leading Procedures (Squad, Platoon, …)

    • Estimate of the Situation

    • Map Reading, Terrain Features & Analysis

    • FRAGO Drill

    • Voice Procedures, Radio Communications

    • Writing: Memos, Orders, Annexes, Reports, Requests






Level 2B.Intertwined

  • Chains of Command

  • Military Life (NATO, EU, UN)

  • Vehicles, Motor March, Convoys

  • Society, Political Systems

  • Familiy Lives

  • Tourism / Traffic


Level 2C. Brief MAPEX

  • Illustration of tactical principles

  • IAW ATP-3.2.1


Situation assessment as of 0830 HRS

0900 HRS

1000 HRS

1100 HRS

PL „B“

1120 + 60‘

(-)

601

1030 + 60“ TLD

10 kms

12

24

25

24

(x)

0900

0950

507

1230 HRS

0930

0900

1400 HRS

PL „C“

0910

XX

1

(GE)

2

Mission:

20 MECHINBDE is to attack, to disrupt penetrating enemy forward of PL „C“,

and to delay from PL „C“ from 1230 HRS onward in conjunction with 25 BDE

and 12 BDE, supported by 1 PAH-1 SQN and MLRS.

20

0


Level 3A. Pure Military

  • Military Decision-Making Process – detailed (Deliberate, Abbreviated, Accelerated Techniques)

  • Operational & Organisational Terms & Graphics

  • Staff Work

    • Primary Staff

    • Special Staff

    • Battle Rhytm

  • Offensive, Defensive, Retrograde Operations

  • Crisis Response / Crisis Management Operations

  • CJTF Concept

  • COPD (Comprehensive Operations Planning Directive) (former GOP)

  • Battle Groups Concept

  • Press Information Officer (PIO)

    • “Hostile” Press Conference


Deliberate technique

WARNING ORDER #3

DELIBERATE TECHNIQUE

RECEIPT OF A MISSION

WARNING ORDER #1

MISSION ANALYSIS

WARNING ORDER #2

COA DEVELOPMENT

Staff

estimates

Commander's

Battlefield

Visualization

COA ANALYSIS

COA COMPARISON

COA APPROVAL

ORDERS CONSTRUCTION

REHEARSAL

EXECUTION & ASSESSMENT


Intelligence preparation of the battlespace ipb
Intelligence Preparation of the Battlespace (IPB)

● a continuous and systematic method for

analyzing the enemy, weather, and terrain,

● evaluating enemy capabilities and predicting enemy COAs,

● and providing much of the information for the intel estimate and the targeting process.


IPB Determine enemy COA’s

  • Doctrinal template

    • Identify enemy objectives and desired end-state

    • Apply effects of terrain and weather

  • Situation template (SITTEMP)

  • Most probable COA (MPCOA)

  • Most dangerous COA (MDCOA)

  • Event template


COA #1 WT’D COA #2 WT’D COA #3 WT’D

COA Comparison &Decision Matrix

CRITERIA (WEIGHT)

MANEUVER ( )

SURVIVABILITY ( )

OBSERVATION ( )

SIMPLICITY ( )

COMMUNICATIONS ( )

LOGISTICS ( )

TOTALS

NOTES: 1. BEST COA IS ASSIGNED THE HIGHEST NUMERICAL VALUE OF THE THREE COAs, THE BEST IS “3”

2. UNWEIGHTED TOTALS HELP DETERMINE THE BEST COA WITHOUT REGARD TO WEIGHTS

3. HIGHEST NUMBER IS MOST SUITABLE COA. HOWEVER, TEAM LEADER MAY CHOOSE ANOTHER COA BASED ON EXPERIECE


CONSOLIDATED HQ BATTLE RHYTHM

… WG

1100

… WG

1200

JOPG

0930

COM PREP MEETING

1100

CLC

1230

JCB

0830

SACEUR VTC 1200

COS VTC

0830

DOS/CO COORD MEETING

1400

… WG

1300

CG MEETINGS

PROCESSING/STAFFING

COS COORDINATION

MEETING

0730

STAFF MEETINGS

COM VTC

1530

VTCs

DECISIONS/ORDERS

1000

INFO GATHERING

COM HQ CONFERENCE

0600

1800

CG SIT AWARENESS

0545

ARRIVAL STAFF SHIFT

0530

ARRIVAL STAFF SHIFT

1730

CG BRIEFING BOOKS

0430


Level 3B.MAPEX

First MAPEX : Delaying Operation

Second MAPEX : Peace Support Operation

MDMP, IPB IAW GFAP, ROE

NATO - Formats


English level 3 main effort mdmp mdmp and quick orders exercise

ENGLISH Level 3MAIN EFFORT: MDMPMDMP and QUICK ORDERS Exercise

“ATTACK TO DELAY“


Situation as at 0840Z

lII

Anticipated

rate of en adv

Il

(-)

0915

1045

N

1

GE

II

II

I

XX

PL B

601

10 kms

24 X 12

25 X 24

I

1000

507

PL C

Tasks:

•WNGO in 5 minutes

•Conduct estimate

•COA brief in 40 mins

•Orders in 55 mins

MISSION: 20X is to delay en N of PL C and contain them within 24X bdys until at least 1230Z, by conducting hasty attacks, in order to allow 1 GE Div to coordinate main def battle on PL C

Seize and hold Hill 601 NLT 1100

ATTS: One MLRS Bty in Gen Sp

One Sqn ATk hels. RTM 60. 60 mins on station

FASCAM aval

X

20


Situation as at 0945Z

lII

PL B

Anticipated

rate of en adv

Il

(-)

0915

601

10 kms

24 X 12

25 X 24

I

0945

1015

507

PL C

1

GE

II

II

X

I

20

XX

Would you have countered this en COA?


Lessons learned discussion
Lessons learnedDiscussion

  • What have we learned from this exercise?

  • Did you have enough time for:

    • WNGO

    • Estimate (MDMP)

    • Preparing orders

  • How would you apportion time available?

  • What is the key to successful quick planning?


PSO scenario

Overallpermissive

GEM

  • OPAL:

  • Mainly compliant with GFAP

  • In favour of UN/NATO

BRIDGELAND

  • ZIRCON:

  • Weak government

  • In support of UN/NATO

OPAL

ZIRCON

  • CORAL:

  • Mainly non-compliant

  • Militant attitude of certain political / military elements

  • TOPAZ:

  • Officially ISO UN/NATO

  • Trying to exploit CORAL weakened position

CORAL

GSZ

TOPAZ


XX

Scale in kms

X

0 5 10 15

MSR

2

EGSZ

1

1 Bn AOR

648

Nunoz

International border

1

3

Water obs


Joint targeting process joint targeting cycle

COMMANDER’S

OBJECTIVES,

GUIDANCE and INTENT

TARGET

DEVELOPMENT,

COMBAT ASSESSMENT

VALIDATION

NOMINATION

and PRIORITSATION

CAPABILITIES

MISSION PLANNING

ANALYSIS

AND EXECUTION

(inc WEAPONEERING)

FORCE PLANNING

AND

ASSIGNMENT

JOINT TARGETING PROCESSJoint Targeting Cycle


Targeting is part of the tactical decision-making process used to focus the battlefield operating systems (BOSs) to achieve the commander‘s intent.


JFC General Targeting Guidance used to focus the battlefield operating systems (BOSs) to achieve the commander‘s intent.

Pre-approved Target Sets. Joint target development and prosecution is approved IAW the following NAC/MC approved Target Sets:

(a) Approved for non-lethal attack. AME - Adversary media

ELS - Economic Leadership

GEP - General Public

MLS - Military leadership

PLS - Political leadership(b) Approved forlethal/non-lethal attack.(to be cleared by COMGFOR)

SCT1 - Special Category: Arms Smugglers

SCT2 - Special Category: Terrorists / terrorist organisations (c) Restricted targets (only to be cleared by NAC). 

IND - Industry

POL - Petroleum Industry

PWR - Electric Power 

(d)Restricted Targets (only to be cleared by COMGFOR/JCB).

AFA -Air Forces and Airfields

C4I - Command, Control, Communication, Computers, and Intel Facilities

GFF- Ground Forces and Facilities

LOC -Transportation / Lines of Communication

MSS - Military Supply and Storage

NFP - Naval Forces and Ports(e) Prohibited Targets.

As defined by the Law of Armed Conflict (LOAC), ROEs or FRAGOs.(f) TST.

SCT1 - Special Category: Arms Smugglers

SCT2 - Special Category: Terrorists / terrorist organisations


Airspace Management used to focus the battlefield operating systems (BOSs) to achieve the commander‘s intent.

(Extract)

FSCL

Res

X

X

Res

FLET

X

X

X

?

PL HAWK

FLOT

KERN

PL EAGLE

X

(+)29

30

XXX

III

X

BERGHEIM

30

TMRR

(-)31

I I

LLTR

HDASCZ

KAB2

I I

ST.MARTIN

KAB1

WFZ

I I

33

ROD

TR

Res1

X

TMRR

LLTR

Res2

X

TC

20

X

SL

TR

FARP

Anmerkung:

TC - Transit Corridor

TR - Transit Route

LLTR - Low Level Transit Route

TMRR - Temporary Minimum Risc Route

HDASCZ - High Density Air Space Control Zone

SL - Secure Lane

FARP - Forward Arming and Refuelling Point


Language Training for Special Purposes used to focus the battlefield operating systems (BOSs) to achieve the commander‘s intent.

  • Tactical English Courses (TEC)

  • Module 1: Battle Techniques

  • Module 2: Staff officers

    • MDMP

    • Briefing Training

  • Module 3: Commanding officers

    • CCIR

    • intent

    • criteria for success

    • planning guidance

STANAGs


Air Operational Course used to focus the battlefield operating systems (BOSs) to achieve the commander‘s intent.

Airspace Management


Are there any questions? used to focus the battlefield operating systems (BOSs) to achieve the commander‘s intent.


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