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What We Know and What We Need To Know. Harry S. Baumes, Ph. D. Associate Director Office of Energy Policy and New Uses Presented at Transition to a Bioeconomy: Environmental and Rural Impacts Hyatt Regency – Union Station St. Louis, Missouri October 16, 2008. OVERVIEW. What We Know?

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What we know and what we need to know l.jpg

What We Know and What We Need To Know

Harry S. Baumes, Ph. D.

Associate Director

Office of Energy Policy and New Uses

Presented at Transition to a Bioeconomy:

Environmental and Rural Impacts

Hyatt Regency – Union Station

St. Louis, Missouri

October 16, 2008


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OVERVIEW

  • What We Know?

  • What We Need To Know?


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Source: Energy Information Administration, Annual 2008 Energy Outlook, reference case


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EISA – EPACT Renewable Fuels Standard

Other Biofuels

Biobased Diesel

Cellulosic Biofuels

Conventional Corn Starch

RFS1


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What We Know

  • Bioeconomy is broader than “renewable energy” and “transportation fuels”

  • Water Not Included in “Models”


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What We Know

  • Issues and Concerns

    • Climate Change

    • Sustainability

    • Environment

    • Land Use

  • Policy Objectives & Policies

    • Energy security

    • EISA

    • FCE


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What We Need To Know

  • Overcoming Infrastructure Constraints

    • Blend Wall

      • Vehicles

      • E-85 availability

    • Transport of “ethanol”

    • Production, harvest, transport, & storage biomass

      • Improve energy density of biomass


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What We Need To Know

  • Overcoming Infrastructure Constraints

    • Getting Connected to the Grid

      • Wind farms and solar technology

      • Biomass


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What We Need To Know

  • Biomass Production

    • Alternative Feedstocks

      • Switchgrass, miscanthus, algae, …

    • Supply, Use & Price

    • Feed Stocks for energy (not exclusively transportation fuels)

    • Land Use

      • Direct & Indirect effects


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What We Need To Know

  • Will a sustained increase in commodity prices – provide incentives for investment in agriculture?

    • Domestic & Foreign Investment

    • Increase adoption of new and existing technology in developing (and developed) countries/regions


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What We Need To Know

  • Technology Development

    • Crop productivity – across potential feedstocks

      • Implications for other input use (fertilizer, water, chemicals,…)

    • Conversion


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THANK YOU!

Contact Information: Harry S. Baumes

hbaumes@oce.usda.gov

202-401-0497


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