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burst spectrogram. speech formant. The following spectrogram is:. answer. “formant”. burst first. bust Bert. The following spectrogram is:. answer. “burst” unaspirated labial stop very low F3 together with F2, vowel-like then sonorant-like s voiceless alveolar. intend intone.

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burst

spectrogram

speech

formant

The following spectrogram is:


answer

“formant”


burst

first

bust

Bert

The following spectrogram is:


answer

“burst”

unaspirated labial stop

very low F3 together with F2,

vowel-like then sonorant-like

s

voiceless alveolar


intend

intone

entire

intake

The following spectrogram is:


answer

“intend”

very short vowel

nasal

aspirated alveolar stop

lowish front vowel

nasal

alveolar


Spectrogram: pets


answer

“dog”


Spectrogram: pets


answer

“rabbit”


Spectrogram: pets


answer

“cat”


Spectrogram: pets


answer

“hamster”


Spectrogram: UCLA


Answer:

“Rolfe”


Spectrogram: UCLA


Answer:

“Dodd”


Spectrogram: UCLA


Answer:

“Dickson”


Spectrogram: UCLA


answer

“Ackerman”


Spectrogram: UCLA


answer

“Public Policy”


Spectrograms: colors


answer

“black”


Spectrograms: colors


answer

“yellow”


Spectrograms: colors


answer

“pink”


Spectrograms: colors


answer

“purple”


Spectrograms: colors


answer

“navy blue”


Spectrograms: animals


answer

“zebra”


Spectrograms: animals


answer

“donkey”


Spectrograms: animals


answer

“tiger”


Spectrograms: animals


answer

“buffalo”


Spectrograms: foods


answer

“bacon”


Spectrograms: foods


answer

“butter”


Spectrograms: foods


answer

“banana”


After those, no sound files


1-syllable speech word


answer

“pitch”

aspiration

high F2 but not lowest F1

affricate with noise at vowel F3


2-syllable speech word


answer

“formant”

weak fricative

F1 and F2 together, not a low vowel

F3 dives for /r/

nasal

another nasal or weak vowel

voiceless stop with high frequencies


Consonant reading

clue


answer

“nut”

sonorant (strong voicing) with abrupt end, then falling F2 into vowel

glottalized voiceless stop with high-frequency release burst


Consonant reading

clue


answer

“pun”

initial aspiration might look like a fricative, but note the voiceless formants

final sonorant has a voiced-stop release (a little bit of vowel after)


Vowel reading

s

p


answer

“sap”

High F1 means low vowel

F2 is also high


Vowel reading

s

p


answer

“soap”

Diphthong headed for /u/

F1 doesn’t start really high


Consonant reading

lots of weak noise hard to see

clue


answer

“rough”


Consonant reading

clue

clue


answer

“luck”


Consonant reading


answer

“up”

(irregular glottal vibrations at beginning is glottalization, common in vowel-initial words)


Consonant reading

lots of weak noise hard to see

clue


answer

“rough”

clue = low F3, for /r/


Consonant reading

clue

clue


answer

“luck”

clues = high F3 for /l/,

double burst for velar


Consonant reading

ignore


answer

“up”

clue = irregular glottal vibrations at beginning is glottalization, common in vowel-initial words


Consonant reading

clue


answer

“sub”

clue = closure voicing before burst


Consonant reading

clue

clue


answer

“mush”

clues =weak sonorant with abrupt end; fricative noise strong at F3 of vowel


Consonant reading

clue

clue


answer

“bug”

clues =velar pinch; compact double burst (hard to see)


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