Societal challenges to the state. Islamic movements in Turkey. Islam & the Turkish state. Muslim citizenry Turkey as “secular state” Abolition of Caliphate in 1924 Mustafa Kemal Ataturk & the “six arrows” of Kemalism Islam as “backwards” Multi-party period, 1950 onwards
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Islamic movements in Turkey
Islamic-scientific synthesis through education
Personal and social transformation through education and use of the public sphere
Turkish-Islamic nationalist synthesis
Discourse of democracy, human rights
Rejects politicization of Islam
religion a private matter and its requirements should not be imposed on anyone.
when Islam is mixed with politics it becomes polluted
Unequivocal rejection of violence
re-establish link between religion and the state by having state leaders privately practice Islam.
Emphasis on tolerance and inter-faith dialogue
Faith before Islam
Status of women
Above left, Gulen at a meeting of the Turk Ocaklari; above right, with the late Pope John Paul II; bottom left, with David Aseo, the late chief rabbi of the Jewish community in Turkey, 1996. Photos from
Fethullacilar: part of civil society?