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Sun Safety and Skin Cancer:. How You Can Make a Difference. Skin Cancer Work Group 2006 - 2007. Overview. Skin Cancer in Maine Melanoma in Maine Types of Skin Cancer What Does Melanoma Look Like? Who is at Risk? Risk Factors Prevention Points to Remember What You Can Do.

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sun safety and skin cancer

Sun Safety and Skin Cancer:

How You Can Make a Difference

  • Skin Cancer in Maine
  • Melanoma in Maine
  • Types of Skin Cancer
  • What Does Melanoma Look Like?
  • Who is at Risk? Risk Factors
  • Prevention
  • Points to Remember
  • What You Can Do
skin cancer in maine
Skin Cancer In Maine
  • Skin Cancer is the most common cancer in Maine.

Basal Cell & Squamous cell skin cancer.

  • Melanoma is the deadliest form but is much less common than other types of skin cancer.
  • In 2006, almost 400 Mainers will be diagnosed with melanoma.
  • The rate of melanoma in Maine has tripled since the 1990s.
  • The average age of patients with melanoma is early 40’s.
  • Almost 50 people die every year from melanoma in Maine.
skin cancer in maine con t
Skin Cancer in Maine (con’t)
  • Relative 5-year survival rate for patients with basal or squamous cell is more than 95-99%.
  • Relative 5-year survival rate for patients diagnosed with melanoma is 91%, early stage 98%, regional stage 60%, distant stage 16%, 83% diagnosed in local stage.
abcdes of melanoma
Asymmetry: one half of a mole is different from the other.

Border: edges of mole are irregular-ragged, blurred or notched.

Color: pigmentation of mole is varied and may be brown and black with red, white or blue, creating a mottled appearance.

Diameter: width is usually greater than six millimeters-about the size of a pencil eraser. Also look for an increase in the size of a mole.

Evolving: any change – in size, shape, color, elevation or another trait or any new symptom such as bleeding, itching or crusting – points to danger.

ABCDEs of Melanoma
who is at risk
Who Is at Risk?

Although anyone can develop skin cancer, some people are at particular risk. Risk factors include

  • Light skin color, hair color, or eye color.
  • Family history of skin cancer.
  • Personal history of skin cancer.
  • Chronic exposure to the sun.
  • History of sunburns early in life.
  • Certain types of moles, or a large number of moles.
  • Freckles, which indicate sun sensitivity and sun damage.
prevention of skin cancer
Prevention of Skin Cancer
  • Avoid unprotected exposure to the sun, especially between 10 -4, when the rays are the strongest.
  • Block out the sun by using sunscreen of SPF 15 or higher, and reapply every two hours.
prevention of skin cancer cont
Prevention of Skin Cancer (cont’)
  • Cover your body with long-sleeved shirts and long pants.
  • Wear a broad brimmed hat and sunglasses with UV-protection lenses.
points to remember
Points to Remember
  • It’s better to prevent skin cancer and melanoma than to treat it

Minimize sun exposure: shade, cover, sunscreen

  • Perform regular self-exams to catch any suspicious moles or other lesions as early as possible
  • If you find something that looks suspicious see your physician as soon as possible
how you can make a difference
How You Can Make a Difference!
  • Model sun safe behaviors and attitudes
  • Lead by example
  • Educate others about sun safety
  • Develop and implement sun safety procedures/guidelines
  • Join the Maine Cancer Consortium Skin Cancer Work Group
skin cancer resources
Skin Cancer Resources