UTILIZATION OF GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM FOR THE ASSESSMENT OF FREE ROAMING IN HORSES KEPT IN PADDOCKS: A PRELIMINARY STUDY - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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UTILIZATION OF GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM FOR THE ASSESSMENT OF FREE ROAMING IN HORSES KEPT IN PADDOCKS: A PRELIMINARY STUDY. 10° Convegno Nuove acquisizioni in materia di Ippologia New findings in equine practice Druento (To), 31oct - 01 nov 2008 . C.Amato, E.Valle, D.Bergero

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UTILIZATION OF GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM FOR THE ASSESSMENT OF FREE ROAMING IN HORSES KEPT IN PADDOCKS: A PRELIMINARY STUDY

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UTILIZATION OF GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM FOR THE ASSESSMENT OF FREE ROAMING IN HORSES KEPT IN PADDOCKS:A PRELIMINARY STUDY

10° Convegno

Nuove acquisizioni in materia di Ippologia

New findings in equine practice

Druento (To), 31oct - 01 nov 2008

C.Amato, E.Valle, D.Bergero

DiPAEE University of Torino


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Introduction

  • Horses kept in paddocks can be considered close to a feral activity behaviour ?

  • Free moviment is important for domesticated horses:

    • to lower the incidence of behavioural troubles

    • to improve the gut’s general health

  • Free activity affect the overall requirements of an horse taken into account while rationing

C. Amato, E. Valle, D. Bergero Druento (To), 31oct - 01 nov 2008


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Introduction

C. Amato, E. Valle, D. Bergero Druento (To), 31oct - 01 nov 2008


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Introduction

  • The aim of the work is:

    • to state if a GPS device is useful to study horses kept in paddocks

    • to obtain preliminary results in diurnal observations

C. Amato, E. Valle, D. Bergero Druento (To), 31oct - 01 nov 2008


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Materials

  • Haflinger and Bardigiano horses(1-9 years)

  • Garmin Forerunner 201 GPS device

  • Forerunner Logbook software

  • ANOVA

C. Amato, E. Valle, D. Bergero Druento (To), 31oct - 01 nov 2008


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Materials

C. Amato, E. Valle, D. Bergero Druento (To), 31oct - 01 nov 2008


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Materials

C. Amato, E. Valle, D. Bergero Druento (To), 31oct - 01 nov 2008


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Methods

  • 129 observations of the diurnal free activity

  • Measured data: total Km, gallop occurrence, trot occurrence, speed (average, max), registration time

  • Collected data: breed, sex, age, feeding habits, weather conditions, temperature, presence of the stallion, number of the horses in the group, presence of people, paddocks width (3000 to 20000 m²).

C. Amato, E. Valle, D. Bergero Druento (To), 31oct - 01 nov 2008


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Results

C. Amato, E. Valle, D. Bergero Druento (To), 31oct - 01 nov 2008


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Results

C. Amato, E. Valle, D. Bergero Druento (To), 31oct - 01 nov 2008


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Results

  • Mean time observation: 8 h

  • Total distance covered (KMT): mean 2.04 km (1.47 km sd)

  • Gallop occurrence (NG): 1.85 (1,33 sd)

  • Trot occurrence (NT): 8.96 (7.33 sd)

  • VMED: 0.25 km/h (0.17 km/h sd)

  • VMAX: 18.66 km/h (9.48 km/h sd)

C. Amato, E. Valle, D. Bergero Druento (To), 31oct - 01 nov 2008


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Results

  • Breed → VMED, NT, NG

    • Bardigiani move more than Avelignesi

  • Sex → KMT, VMED, NT, VMAX

    • Mares move less than geldings and stallions

  • Age → VMED, NT, NG

    • Higher values for horses aged 4-7 years

C. Amato, E. Valle, D. Bergero Druento (To), 31oct - 01 nov 2008


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Results

  • Presence of the stallion → NT

    • The presence of the stallion increases NT

  • Number of horses → VMED, NT, NG

    • The highest values are in larger groups (> 8 horses)

C. Amato, E. Valle, D. Bergero Druento (To), 31oct - 01 nov 2008


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Results

  • Temperature → NT

    • Temperature between 15 º and 20 º increases the values

  • Wheather condition → No difference

  • Presence of people → NT

    in presence of people the horses move less

C. Amato, E. Valle, D. Bergero Druento (To), 31oct - 01 nov 2008


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Discussion

  • Horses in paddocks perform very little spontaneous movement

  • Different factors affect diurnal physical activity

  • GPS give useful information on the behaviour and requirements of horses kept in paddocks

C. Amato, E. Valle, D. Bergero Druento (To), 31oct - 01 nov 2008


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THANKYOU !

C. Amato, E. Valle, D. Bergero Druento (To), 31oct - 01 nov 2008


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