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Asthma. By Jason Chow. Agenda. What is Asthma? Risk Factors Who’s at Risk? Types of Asthma Causes of Asthma Attacks Prevention Health Management Help Bibliography and Links. What is Asthma?. A common condition which involves a difficulty in breathing

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Asthma

By Jason Chow


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Agenda

  • What is Asthma?

  • Risk Factors

  • Who’s at Risk?

  • Types of Asthma

  • Causes of Asthma Attacks

  • Prevention

  • Health Management

  • Help

  • Bibliography and Links


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What is Asthma?

  • A common condition which involves a difficulty in breathing

  • Asthma effects a part of the human population and even some animals

  • Wheezing, coughing, and a tight feeling in the chest are signs of asthma

  • Cannot be cured only controlled by drugs

  • Many people, untreated, die from this disease.


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Risk Factors

  • Attacks range from mild to life threatening. If untreated it may lead to death

- Asthma attacks can be triggered anywhere and anytime

- Difficulty of breathing and spasmodic coughing


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Who's at Risk?

  • Bronchial Asthma is found in 3-5% of adults and 7-10% of children.

  • People at the age of 20 living in the urban areas tend to have asthma

  • Anyone could have this disease including those with family history of eczema and asthma

- Children are usually born with this disease but later outgrow it


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Types of Asthma

  • Nocturnal Asthma occurs usually in the middle of the night between 2AM-4AM

- Allergic reactions can cause asthma attacks.

  • There are 5 types of asthma : Allergic, Non-Allergic, Seasonal, Exercise-induced, and Nocturnal Asthma

- Non-Allergic asthma attacks are caused by pollution in the air.

- Exercise-induced attacks are triggered when patients with asthma exercise too hard.

  • Seasonal Asthma is triggered by the trees, flowers or grasses in the different seasons


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Causes of Asthma Attacks

- Emotional stress can cause an attack

- Overdoing regular exercises may lead to shortness of breath

- Two chemicals are released when an attack is triggered : Histamine and Acetyl Choline.

- Histamine is the most frequently released because it is triggered by an allergic reaction

- These chemical causes the bronchial muscles to contract


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Prevention

- By avoiding known allergies patients can greatly increase the prevention of attacks

- Exposure to smoke, pollution, etc. should also be avoided

- Inhaling drugs like aminophylline or theophylline should prevent some painful attacks for awhile


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Health Management

- Do not drink beer or wine or eat food like shrimp, dried fruits, and other foods that cause asthma symptoms

- Warm up before exercising and cool down after. Cooling down allows your lungs to adjust to the temperature differences

- Never overdo daily exercises because it may prove too great of a challenge and an attack may occur

- Exercise daily with an activity that you best like. This prevents you from boredom and quitting.

- Drink adequate liquids and eat well-balanced meals. Junk food only worsens the condition


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Help

- Asking a doctor about this condition is a great way to learn how to manage this disease

- Contact a healthcare professional to start an exercise plan best for you

- Getting to people to understand a patient’s condition may help

- Don’t be afraid to ask questions about this condition to a doctor

- Make sure a loved one has an Asthma Action Plan. Familiarize with it so you know exactly what to do


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Bibliography and Links

Anne Hildyardl. The Marshall Cavendish Encyclopedia of Health. 99 White Plains Road: Marshall Cavendish Corporation, 2003

Pam Walker. The Respiratory System. Farmington Hills, ML : Thomson Learning, 2003

http://wicca.hit.bg/Live/asthmaY.htm

http://google.ca

http://asthma.com


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