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The War of 1812. p . 211-215. Early War. After Napoleon’s army is defeated in Russia, British turn their efforts back to America. Early failures on battlefield for Americans: Detroit, Chicago: defeated by Native Tribes Naval failures: counterattacks by British. Any Success?.

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the war of 1812

The War of 1812

p. 211-215

early war
Early War
  • After Napoleon’s army is defeated in Russia, British turn their efforts back to America.
  • Early failures on battlefield for Americans:
  • Detroit, Chicago: defeated by Native Tribes
  • Naval failures: counterattacks by British
any success
Any Success?
  • Early success near Great Lakes
  • Took control of Lake Ontario, Lake Erie
  • Led to another invasion of Canada through Detroit
  • W. H. Harrison: led US to victory in a battle in which Tecumseh died
  • Led to a weakening of the Native Americans in the NW Territories
andrew jackson
Andrew Jackson
  • Battle of Horseshoe Bend: 1814 near FL border
  • Jackson and his men slaughtered men, women, and children of the Creek Tribe
  • Creeks ceded most of their land to the U.S. and moved west
  • Jackson became a major general in the U.S. Army
battles with british
Battles With British
  • August, 1814: British entered D.C. and set fire to several public buildings
  • White House included
  • Retaliation for U.S. burning of Canadian captial
  • Low point for U.S. in war
  • British moved toward Baltimore, but Americans held them off
  • Francis Scott Key: what did he do?
battle of new orleans
Battle of New Orleans
  • Jackson vs British
  • January, 1815
  • Americans BIG win!
  • British: 700 dead, 1,400 wounded, 500 imprisoned
  • Americans: 8 dead, 13 wounded
the problem
The Problem:
  • THE PEACE TREATY HAD ALREADY BEEN SIGNED!
  • An unnecessary battle!
  • Andrew Jackson’s heroic status grows however…
new england opposition
New England Opposition
  • Federalists opposed war
  • Actually celebrated British success in some cases
  • Daniel Webster: led the Federalist opposition
  • Talk of secession again in 1814-1815
hartford convention
Hartford Convention
  • December 1814, New England states
  • Those who favored secession were the majority
  • 7 amendments proposed to protect N.E. from the influence of the south and west
  • Hartford Convention seemed irrelevant and in some cases, treasonable
  • Death of the Federalists!
treaty of ghent
Treaty of Ghent
  • JQ Adams, Henry Clay, Albert Gallatin
  • Americans gave up demand for British renunciation of impressment
  • Gave up the cession of Canada to the U.S.
  • British gave up their desire to have an Indian buffer state in the Northwest
  • Signed in December, 1814 (BEFORE Battle of New Orleans!!)
rush bagot agreement
Rush-Bagot Agreement
  • Americans had right to trade freely with British
  • Mutual agreement in 1817 that provided for disarmament on the Great Lakes
indians
Indians
  • Treaty of Ghent required U.S. to restore the tribes the land seized by Americans
  • Never enforced
  • A major blow for Native Americans to retain territory
  • Tecumseh dead, British gone
  • Native Americans less able to defend their land than ever
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