Canada immigration chinese head tax record sun woy district part i 1885 june 1903
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Canada Immigration CHINESE HEAD TAX RECORD SUN WOY DISTRICT Part I: 1885-June, 1903. Presented by: Rudy Chiang 新會梅閣 蔣汶德 January 26, 2012. Acknowledgement. This study is possible thanks to the generous support and encouragement of : Professor Henry Yu for his electronic data on

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Canada immigration chinese head tax record sun woy district part i 1885 june 1903

Canada ImmigrationCHINESE HEAD TAX RECORDSUN WOY DISTRICT Part I: 1885-June, 1903

Presented by: Rudy Chiang

新會梅閣 蔣汶德

January 26, 2012

Updated: January 30, 2012


Acknowledgement
Acknowledgement

This study is possible thanks to the generous support and encouragement of :

Professor Henry Yu

for his electronic data on

the Chinese Head Tax Register, 1885-1949

and

Eleanor Yuen & Phoebe Chow

whose

Workshop on Taishan and Zhongshan Immigrants in North America

provided a model for this study


Sun woy county district or xinhui

Meaning

New

Meaning

Gathering

新會縣SUN WOYCOUNTY / DISTRICTorXINHUI

Dialect Pronunciation

SanVoy


(San)會(Voy)

OTHER SPELLINGS

  • San Ooi

  • SanWoi

  • SanWui

  • SanWae

  • SanWai

  • SanWay

  • SanWey

  • SanWoy

  • SangWoi

  • SenWay

  • SenWey

  • SenWeyh

  • SenWoy

  • SinWai

  • SinWay

  • SinWoi

  • SinWoy

  • SinWey

  • SinWui

  • SingWae

  • SingWoi

  • SunWae

  • SunWai

  • SunWay

  • SunWey

  • SunWoi

  • SunWoy


1897 Map of Sun Voy County


新會城

Sun Voy City


1741 Map of Sun Voy City

Ho Chun

何村

Dai Jack

大澤

Sun Voy City

新會城

Tset Boo

七堡

Moy Kowk

三江

Chong Sar

長沙

Sui Hou

水口

Cooteung

古井

Moy Kowk

梅角


County hierarchy

COUNTY

CITY 城

TOWN 鎮TOWN 鎮TOWN 鎮

VILLAGE鄉 VILLAGE鄉 VILLAGE鄉 VILLAGE鄉

HAMLET 村 HAMLET 村 HAMLET 村 HAMLET 村

LANE LANE LANE LANE LANE LANE

閭里 閭里 閭里 閭里 閭里 閭里

ALLEY ALLEY ALLEY ALLEY ALLEY ALLEY

曲巷 曲巷 曲巷 曲巷 曲巷 曲巷

County Hierarchy


County hierarchy1

COUNTY

CITY 城

TOWN 鎮

VILLAGE 鄉

HAMLET 村

LANE 里

ALLEY 巷

County Hierarchy


Chew Gou District 潮居都


Sunvoy towns
SUNVOY 新會 TOWNS鎮


Trip manifest headtax paid by sun voy pioneers 1885 1903
Trip Manifest & Headtax Paid by Sun Voy Pioneers , 1885-1903

64% of the Sun Voy Poineers Came from 3 Towns


District sun woy county
DISTRICT: SUN WOY COUNTY新會縣

Pioneers from three Towns accounted for

64% of the arrivals, 1885-1903:

Towns 鎮 Trips %_

Sartuey沙堆鎮 1,739 24%

Cooteung古井鎮 1,718 24%

NgaiMun崖門鎮 1,158 16%

  • They paid a total of $262,460

  • Sun Woy County Total @ $401,746


64% of Sun Voy Pioneers

came from these two areas

古井 Cooteung

崖門 Ngai Mun

崖西 Ngai Sai

沙堆 SarTuey

梅閣 Moy Gock


那伏 NoFok

48% of the Head Tax records from Sun Voy were contributed by young men from

this small island

古井

Cooteung

沙角 Sar Gok

崖西

Ngai Sai

沙堆 SarTuey

崖門

Ngai Mun

梅閣

Moy Gock



Arrival age of sun voy pioneers 1885 19031
Arrival Age of Sun Voy Pioneers 1885-1903

Observations

  • Most pioneers arrived at Age 20

  • The biggest age group was 20 - 24

    Postulate

  • Most young men came at age 20 – 24

  • Arrivals after age 30 were likely residents returning from a home visit to China


新會縣抵加人數

1885- June, 1903


1885-June, 1903

華裔抵加人數 與 新會縣抵加人數

此較



Sun voy pioneers labourer profile 1885 1903
Sun Voy PioneersLabourer Profile1885-1903

Among the 5,477 declared labourers

  • Average Age 28.7

  • Median Age 27.0

  • Mode 20

  • No. @ Age 20 484

  • Youngest Age 8

  • Oldest Age 63


Sun voy pioneers 1885 1903 female profile
Sun Voy Pioneers, 1885-1903Female Profile

Only 39 Females Landed

  • Median Age 24

  • Age Range 3–48

  • Age 3 to 12, Count 11

    Occupation

  • Housewifes 18

  • Daughters / Students 4

  • Servents / Labourer / Laundry 8

  • Seamstress 3


Cannery trade sun voy pioneers by village 1885 1903

Cannery Trade Sun Voy Pioneers by Village, 1885-1903


Cannery Trade Sun Voy Pioneers by Village, 1885-1903


Pioneers from villages of sartuey township 1885 1903
Pioneers from Villages of Sartuey Township, 1885-1903


Pioneers from villages of coo tueng t0wnship 1885 1903
Pioneers from Villages of Coo Tueng T0wnship, 1885-1903


Pioneers from villages of ngai mun township 1885 1903
Pioneers from Villages of Ngai Mun Township, 1885-1903


Pioneers from villages of sam kong township 1885 1903
Pioneers from Villages of Sam Kong 三江 Township, 1885-1903


Pioneers from villages of dai jack township 1885 1903
Pioneers from Villages of Dai Jack 大澤Township, 1885-1903


Pioneers from villages of mook jew song shui township 1885 1903
Pioneers from Villages of Mook Jew & Song Shui Township, 1885-1903


Pioneers from villages of law hing sue chin township 1885 1903
Pioneers from Villages of Law Hing & Sue Chin Township, 1885-1903


Pioneers from villages of gong mon ngau wan township 1885 1903
Pioneers from Villages of Gong Mon & Ngau Wan Township, 1885-1903


Pioneers from villages of other townships 1885 1903
Pioneers from Villages of Other Townships, 1885-1903


1903 leong kai chew s america tour
1903 Leong Kai Chew’s America Tour

Leong Kia Chew 梁啟超

Wong Wai Chee 黃慧之

Pow Chee 鮑熾

Pow Man Cheong 鮑文昌


1903 leong kai chew s america tour1
1903 Leong Kai Chew’s America Tour

Mar. 3, 1903 Leong Kia Chew 梁啟超 and his entourage arrived at Vancouver as tourists, on MV. Empress of India:

  • Leong Kia Chew 梁啟超 age 30, 5ft 5in, of Senwey 新會 [茶坑], boarded from Yokohama 橫濱

    His entourage boarded from Hong Kong

  • Wong Wai Chee 黃慧之 age 24, 5ft 5.5in, of Yokohama

  • Pow Chee 鮑熾 age 46, 5ft 4in, of Hung San 香山

  • Pow Man Cheong 鮑文昌 age 17, of Yokohama

    Their $100 Head Tax was refunded on Mar. 15

    Immigration file: MicrofilmC9512e0060668


Visit of k ang y u w ei
VisitofKang Yu Wei 康有為

KangYuWei 康有為

Li Yung


1899 diplomatic visit of k ang y u w ei
1899 “Diplomatic” Visit of Kang Yu Wei

  • June – Sept., 1898Wushu Reform 戊戌變法

  • KangYuWei 康有為 and his secretary Li Yung arrivedinVictoriaonApril7,1899

  • They were registeredon April12,1899

  • KangYuWei,age42,5ft2in, of Nan Hoy 南海

    diplomatic corps, exempted from Head Tax

  • LiYang,age27,5ft3.5in,Nan Hoy,secretary,

    exempted from Head Tax

  • They boarded the MV Igumi Maru at Yokohama, Japan

  • Immigration file: MicrofilmC9512e0060666


Summary
Summary

Most pioneers first arrived at Age 20

The bulk of them came between 20 - 24

Most came as labourers (5,477 )

Other occupation groups, other than clergy or actors, best represent returnees from China

48%of Sun Voy pioneers came from a small island where CooTeung town古井鎮 & Sartuey town沙堆鎮 are located

16% of the pioneers came from Ngai Mun town 崖門鎮 which lies across the water


Further studies
Further Studies

Observations

  • The Year of Registration represents the date when Head Tax was assessed (upon or after landing)

  • Year of Arrival represents the date when the passenger first landed

  • The digital record for Year of Arrival must be verified for accuracy and errors

  • Grouping by Townships 鎮 or Administration Regions 區 changes with time.

  • The assignment of villages to Townships in this study should be verified for accuracy


Reference sites
ReferenceSites

  • Library and Archives Canada

    www.collectionscanada.gc.ca

  • Immigrants from China, 1885 -1949

    ww.collectionscanada.gc.ca/databases/chinese-immigrants/index-e.html

  • Census of Canada, 1871

    www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/databases/census-1871/index-e.html

  • Census of Canada, 1881

  • Census of Canada, 1891

  • B.C. Archives

    search.bcarchives.gov.bc.ca/sn-5B5E0F9/gbsearch


References
References

  • Multicultural Canada

    Chinese Times 大漢公報 1914-1992

    www.multiculturalcanada.ca/node/31107

  • The Chung Collection

    chung.library.ubc.ca/collection/details/6000

  • National Digital Library of China 中國國家數字圖書館

    方誌 res4.nlc.gov.cn/home/search.trs?method=advSearch&resourceid=7

  • 1901 Census records for NEW WESTMINSTER, B.C.

    automatedgenealogy.com/census/District.jsp?id=2

  • New Westminster Public Library, Heritage and Local History

    nwheritage.org


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