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KOSOVO TRIP REPORT. January 31st – February 1st, 07. IFRC - Current situation in Kosovo. Political situation full y dominated by the process to determine the final status No progress in improving the critical situation in economic, health, social welfare, education etc. sectors

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KOSOVO TRIP REPORT

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KOSOVO TRIPREPORT

January 31st – February 1st, 07


IFRC - Current situation in Kosovo

  • Political situation fully dominated by the process to determine the final status

  • No progress in improving the critical situation in economic, health, social welfare, education etc. sectors

  • Increasing need for Red Cross assistance to the most vulnerable groups

  • High rate of unemployment (over 50%), lowest income per capita in the region (1.250 EUR/year)


Current situation in Kosovo

  • Large problem with corruption in all segments of life

  • Week and ineffective law enforcement

  • Health system not able to cover the needs

    • weak management

    • under investment in structure/staff

    • poor access to health care outside Pristina

    • only basic medicines provided for free

    • hospital expenses high, covered by relatives living abroad or loans from banks


ICRC

  • no general proceeding/organization dealing with forced returnees

  • no organized reception/transfer to places of origin

  • no reconstruction programme for houses (UNHCR`s only for voluntary returnees)

  • lack of ID

  • security problems – as for local population


Potential crisis

  • massive return

    - at least 100.000 living abroad (non

    Albanians), total 300-400.000

  • municipalities not able to address the needs

  • Collapse of the system!!!


UNHCR MISSION

HQ in Pristina and 5 Field Offices

More policy making work

  • capacity building

  • helping in civil registration and issuance

    of documents

    Not promoting but facilitating return


  • Core activities:

    - monitoring return

    - supporting inter ethnic dialogue

    - free legal aid

    - shelter assistance (repairing houses)

  • Cooperation:

    - lack of response from local authorities

    to support the needs of returnees


National Societies presentations

  • Germany

  • Italy

  • Switzerland

  • Norway

  • Denmark

  • Sweden

  • Serbia


Meeting with RC Kosova

  • Not recognized National Society

    - 36 professionals, 5.000 volunteers

    - lack of vehicles, problems with custom

    - Law on Red Cross soon to be passed

  • Cooperating with all major partners,

    bilateral cooperation with many RCs

  • Aid distribution (food and non-food items),

    psycho-social support

  • Needs in education, health care system

    access, housing…


FIELD VISITS

  • PECH

    - visit to two families

    - returned from Germany after more

    than 15 years

    - problems in housing, finding job,

    health problems, language barriers,

    education…


  • KOSOVSKA MITROVICA

    - Town split into South Mitrovica

    (Albanian) and North Mitrovica (Serbian)

    - Tensions present on daily bases

    - Visit to Collective Centre for Returnees

    (former military barracks)

    - Same problems as in Pech…


Serbian Red Cross – Kosovo and Metohija Provintial Organization

  • covering 28 branches, not having access to two

  • mainly distributing humanitarian aid (food and non-food items)

  • health care

  • cooperation with all major international partners

  • lack of office space (now renting), vehicles, good in Human Resources due to large number of volunteers


APPRECHIATE YOUR TIME


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